VIII Bomber Command 104

27 September 1943
The wing of a B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-5888) nicknamed "Elusive Elcy" of the 94th Bomb Group flies off as a result of a direct hit, during a mission over Emden. Handwritten caption on reverse: '94 BG. 27/9/43.' Printed caption on reverse: 'A DRAMATIC INCIDENT DURING THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE: A WING BREAKS OFF A FLYING FORTRESS DURING A DAYLIGHT BATTLE, AND THE STRICKEN BOMBER BEGINS TO TURN OVER AS IT STARTS ON THE WAY DOWN TO EARTH. This picture illustrates one of the hazards which the big A

Object Number - FRE 3862 - The wing of a B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-5888) nicknamed "Elusive Elcy" of the 94th Bomb Group flies off as a result of a direct hit,...

Description

The industrial areas of Emden, Germany are the targets for this two-element mission. The first element is a combined force of 141 B-17s despatched from 3rd Bomb Division and include the 94BG (19); 95BG (22); 96BG (21); 100BG (20); 385BG (18); 399BG (20); and 390BG (21). 117 aircraft are effective on the target. 4 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 23KIA 18POW. One aircraft returns to Ludlam, UK and crashlands, but is declared Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) 10RTD. 31 other aircraft are damaged with 8 airmen WIA. The bomber gunners in this element claim 17-6-14 of attacking enemy aircraft.

The second element also attacks the industrial areas of Emden, Germany. The element is a combined force 284 B-17s despatched from 1st Bomb Division and includes the: 91BG (19); 92BG (16); 303BG (19); 305BG (18); 306BG (18); 351BG (18); 351BG (18); 379BG (19); 381BG (19); and 384BG (18). Also included are 3 B-17s from 482BG equipped with H2S radar. This is the first Pathfinder mission led by this type of aircraft. 129 aircraft from this element are effective on the target. 3 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 18KIA 16POW. In addition 1 airman is KIA and 9 are WIA in returning aircraft. The bomber gunners in this element claim 15-1-10 of attacking German fighters.

Mission Details

Description: DIVERSION

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: Diversion for the raid on Emden, Germany. Recalled because of weather.

The insignia of the 392nd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 0.00
  • Aircraft sent: 24

EMDEN (Primary)

Description: HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 1 B-17 from 482nd Bomb Group, 813BS was equipped with the H2S equipment and lead this element. Another Pathfinder (PFF) aircraft from 482nd Bomb Group/813BS was assigned to also lead this element, but the equipment malfunctioned before the formation crossed the English coast and the aircraft returned to base.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 277 X 500GP, 57 X 1000GP, 1,657 X 100 IB
  • People killed in action: 19
  • People wounded in action: 10
  • Prisoners of war: 14
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 15
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 1
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 10
  • Aircraft sent: 284
  • Aircraft effective: 129
  • Aircraft missing in action: 3
  • Aircraft damaged: 47

EMDEN (Primary)

Description: HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 2 of 3 H2S equipped B-17s from 482nd Bomb Group lead the first PATHFINDER (Pathfinder (PFF)) mission. This is the first mission for the 482nd Bomb Group. One B-17 from 482nd Bomb Group, 813BS was equipped with the H2S equipment and lead this element. First use of "Pathfinders" (Pathfinder (PFF)) (H2S radar-equipped) in combat operations.

  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 390th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 1,707 X 500GP 22 X 1000GP, 1,356 X 100 IB
  • People killed in action: 23
  • People wounded in action: 8
  • Prisoners of war: 18
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 17
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 6
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 14
  • Aircraft sent: 142
  • Aircraft effective: 117
  • Aircraft missing in action: 4
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 31

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 95th Bomb Group 334th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 18124489
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade)
  • Role/Job: Ball Turret Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 560th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 16066310 / O-735023
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 561st Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 37111609
  • Highest Rank: Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade)
  • Role/Job: Waist Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 100th Bomb Group 418th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Role/Job: Pilot; Commanding Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 534th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 12048991
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Ball Turret Gunner

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Little Audrey
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 384th Bomb Group Base Air Depot 1 368th Bomb Squadron 369th Bomb Squadron 544th Bomb Squadron
Ground crew work of the 303rd Bomb Group work on the engines of a B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "The Duchess". Passed for publication 20 Jan 1944. Printed caption on reverse: 'Famous Fortresses. Associated Press Photo Shows:- Ground crewmen at work on the Fortress "Duchess", which has already been on 50 missions over enemy territory. They are (left to right, lower): Sgt. Clyde L. Dewald, of 200 E Union St., Schnykill Haven, Penn.; and Sgt. James C. Hicks, of Rowtob, Henderson, K.Y.; (Upper) Cpl. Charles
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: The Duchess, Sure Stuff
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 359th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Knock-out Dropper
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 359th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Maryland, My Maryland | Billie
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 545th Bomb Squadron 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 367th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Charlene
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 36th Bomb Squadron 562nd Bomb Squadron 803rd Bomb Squadron

Revisions

Date29 Jun 2015 21:04:54
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 29-Jun-2015. Added bomber gunner claims 17-6-14 to 3rd BD element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date29 Jun 2015 21:01:37
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 29-Jun-2015. Corrected statisitics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman

Date29 Jun 2015 20:56:08
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 29-Jun-2015. Added bomber gunner claims 15-1-10 to 3BD element statisitics on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date29 Jun 2015 20:53:04
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 29-Jun-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date13 Nov 2014 11:41:31
ContributorEmily
Sources

Associated Media based on images associated with missions in Freeman, The Mighty Eighth War Diary.

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:16
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

VIII Bomber Command 104: Gallery (10 items)