8th Air Force 951

15 April 1945

Object Number - UPL 19186 - Consolidated B-24 Liberators drop their bombs on enemy installations at Royan, France. 15 April 1945. NARA Ref No. - 342-FH-3A19153-75228AC....

Mission Details

BORDEAUX/ROYAN

Description: FLAK BATTERIES

Notes: 9 strong points are attacked

GUNZBURG and ULM

Description: ESCORT MISSION

Notes: 107 of 108 8th AF P-51s escort Ninth AF B-26s on raids on marshalling yards

ROYAN

Description: FLAK BATTERIES

Notes: 1,348 unescorted bombers are despatched to attack strong points on the French Atlantic coast. This raid and the one immediately below make the sole instances of the employment of napalm bombs by the 8th AF against German ground installations. The results are negligible and HQ recommends discontinuance of the use of napalm against such targets. 4 strong points are targeted on this raid.

ROYAN

Description: FLAK BATTERIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: The mission was very similar – continental assembly, fly over Paris etc. The I.P. was directly east of the target, however. Our target this time was a road junction about 8 miles from the town of Royan. We were carrying these new, fandangled, gasoline incendiaries. One of them was leaking before we took off and there were gas fumes all over the ship. The skipper asked everyone not to smoke. As we approached our target we could see white smoke drifting over the front. We flew right over Point Grave on the south side of the mouth of Gironde & I noticed that it has been thoroughly bombed. On the second run there was smoke all over the place since about 8 squadrons had dropped their eggs. We dropped ours anyway & miss our target by a hell of a ways. I can't see the object of dropping fire bombs on a road junction anyway.

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People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 452nd Bomb Group 728th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade)
  • Role/Job: waist gunner, toggelier, B-17
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 96th Bomb Group 339th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: AF 34 725 400
  • Highest Rank: Chief Master Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Toglier in WWII; Aircraft Maintenance until 1967 retirement
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot, Tail Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 466th Bomb Group 787th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-2057209
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 615th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Flight Officer
  • Role/Job: Navigator

Aircraft

Revisions

Date2 Jul 2017 03:37:24
ContributorVirginiawise50
Sources

Virginia Wise, eldest daughter of Lester Allen Wise, who flew as pilot on this mission with Jack Q. Means as co-pilot.

Date2 Dec 2016 00:13:55
Sources

Information from original, hand-written combat logs of Maj. I.J. Barrios dated Feb-Apr 1945.

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:13
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

8th Air Force 951: Gallery (6 items)