8th Air Force 208

4 February 1944

Object Number - UPL 34095 - "SHATTERED CHATEAROUX---Typical extensive damage inflicted upon nine Nazi airfields in Northwestern France early in Feb 4 by 8th AF heavy bombers is...

Description

The railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany were focus of this mission, but other railroad marshalling yards in the area were attacked as well. Weather and navigational errors frustrate target acquisition.748 heavy bombers were despatched in a combined force from 1st, 2nd and 3rd Bomb Divisions. Mission summary follows:

1st Bomb Division: A combined force of 287 B-17s are despatched from: 91BG; 92BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; 384BG; 401BG; and 482BG. 183 aircraft are effective on Frankfurt. 51 are effective on the railroad marshalling yards at Wiesbaden; Germany as a Target of Opportunity (TO); 1 bombs the railroad marshalling yards at Koblenz, Germany and 21 bomb other TOs. 11 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 29KIA 72POW 10EVD. 3 aircraft with battle damage make crash landings in England and are declared to be Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) - 6KIA 25RTD. 16 airmen are WIA in returning aircraft. 138 aircraft are damaged (apportioned in statistics).

2nd Bomb Division: A combined force of 159 B-24s are despatched from: 44BG; 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 446BG; 448BG; 492BG. The despatch from 14th Combat Wing (44BG; 392BG; 492BG) aborts the mission because it failed to join the Division because the PFF aircraft faield to take off. 27 aircraft are effective on Frankfurt. 17 bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Trier, Germany as a Target of Opportunity (TO); 15 bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Arloff, Germany as a TO; 2 bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Russellheim, Germany as a TO; 1 bombs at Grafenhausen, Germany as a TO; 1 bombs at Darmstadt, Germany as a TO; 1 bombs at Koblenz, Germany as a TO; and 26 others bomb other target of opportunity. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 6KIA 14POW. 4 airmen aboard returning aircraft are WIA. 76 aircraft are damaged (apportioned in statistics)

3rd Bomb Division: A combined force of 302 B-17s are despatched from: 94BG; 95BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; and 447BG. 27 are effective on Frankfurt; 122 are effective on the railroad marshalling yards at Geissen, Germany as a Target of Opportunity (TO); 2 others bomb TOs. 7 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 18KIA 47POW 5EVD. 2 airmen in returning aircraft are KIA. 145 aircraft are damaged (apportioned in statistics).

The combined claims of the bomber gunners of all three Air Divisions are 4-0-1 (Statistic reflected in 1BD Frankfurt element)

Mission Details

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Notes: 1 BD Bomb Groups attacking has not been determined.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 68.95
  • People wounded in action: 1
  • Aircraft sent: 21
  • Aircraft effective: 21
  • Aircraft damaged: 13

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.13
  • Aircraft sent: 2
  • Aircraft effective: 2

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 81.48
  • Aircraft sent: 26
  • Aircraft effective: 26
  • Aircraft damaged: 15

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 47.01
  • Aircraft sent: 15
  • Aircraft effective: 15
  • Aircraft damaged: 9

DARMSTADT (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.13
  • Aircraft sent: 1
  • Aircraft effective: 1

FRANKFURT (Secondary)

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Joined with 1st Bomb Division in attacking the marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany

Official emblem of the 100th Bomb Group, approved 30 March 1944 and replaced 1957
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 390th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 447th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 510.52
  • People killed in action: 18
  • People wounded in action: 4
  • People evaded: 5
  • Prisoners of war: 47
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 4
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 1
  • Aircraft sent: 183
  • Aircraft effective: 183
  • Aircraft missing in action: 11
  • Aircraft damaged: 138

FRANKFURT (Secondary)

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Weather and navigation problems frustrate target acquisition. This is part of the campaign to destroy transportation assets in preparation for the D-Day invasion. 359 aircraft are damaged (apportionment approximated)

The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Air base

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 573.52
  • People killed in action: 40
  • People wounded in action: 12
  • People evaded: 10
  • Prisoners of war: 72
  • People returned to duty: 25
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 1
  • Aircraft sent: 214
  • Aircraft effective: 183
  • Aircraft missing in action: 11
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 3
  • Aircraft damaged: 105

FRANKFURT (Secondary)

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: 44th Bomb Group and 392nd Bomb Group failed to join the Division and abandoned the mission because the Pathfinder (PFF) aircraft had failed to take-off.

The insignia of the 389th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A flight of B-24 Liberators of the 446th Bomb Group fly in formation above the clouds.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 448th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 93rd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 64.62
  • People killed in action: 3
  • Prisoners of war: 9
  • Aircraft sent: 96
  • Aircraft effective: 27
  • Aircraft missing in action: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 16

GIESSEN (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 3rd Bomb Division Bomb Groups attacking has not been determined.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 382,35
  • Aircraft sent: 122
  • Aircraft effective: 122
  • Aircraft damaged: 69

GRAFENHAUSEN

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.13
  • Aircraft sent: 1
  • Aircraft effective: 1

KOBLENZ (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 3rd Bomb Division Bomb Groups attacking has not been determined.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.13
  • Aircraft sent: 1
  • Aircraft effective: 1

KOBLENZ (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.13
  • Aircraft sent: 1
  • Aircraft effective: 1

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 6.27
  • People killed in action: 5
  • Prisoners of war: 5
  • Aircraft sent: 2
  • Aircraft effective: 2
  • Aircraft missing in action: 1

TRIER (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 53.41
  • Aircraft sent: 17
  • Aircraft effective: 17
  • Aircraft damaged: 10

Wiesbaden, Germany

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Notes: 1 BD Bomb Groups attacking has not been determined.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 159.83
  • People wounded in action: 3
  • Aircraft sent: 51
  • Aircraft effective: 51
  • Aircraft damaged: 29

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 615th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 31037975 / O-681515
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 562nd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 35447653
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade)
  • Role/Job: Radio Operator
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few 407th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 13070999 at enlistment, then O-735248
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 95th Bomb Group 336th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-809476
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Navigator
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 562nd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 15382852
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade)
  • Role/Job: Tail Gunner

Aircraft

Revisions

Date1 Feb 2016 20:52:46
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunnigham 1-Feb-2016. Corrected Mission Title.

Date1 Feb 2016 20:18:08
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 1-Feb-2016. Added combined claims of bomber gunners on enemy aircraft to Mission even 6 1BG attack on Frankfurt per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date1 Feb 2016 20:12:37
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 1-Feb 2016. Added Bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date1 Feb 2016 20:04:16
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 1-Feb-2016. Corrected number of aircraft despatched on Mission Event #2 per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", ROger A. Freeman.

Date1 Feb 2016 20:01:23
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 1-Feb-2016. Corrected number of aircraft despatched on event #1 per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date1 Feb 2016 19:49:14
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 1-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman analysis of Missing Air Crew Reports (MACRs) and Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces" Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date28 May 2015 10:24:10
Contributorjdossetter
Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:17
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

8th Air Force 208: Gallery (6 items)