8th Air Force 182

11 January 1944

Object Number - UPL 29948 - William M Lindgren, 39274737, Staff Sergeant, 711th Bombardment Squadron (H), 447th Bombardment Group (H), Army Air Forces, Tail Gunner for B-17-G,...

Description

Three aviation industry targets in Germany are bombed. The bomber force consists of 291 B-17s despatched from 1st Bomb Division in two elements, one element of 177 B-17s is despatched to Oschersleben, Germany as the primary target, the other 1BD element is composed of 114 B-17s despatched to Halberstadt, Germany as their primary target. These two elements are attacked by approximately 500 German fighters, the heaviest fighter resistance encountered since the 14-Oct-43 attack on Schweinfurt, Germany.

A combinded force of 234 B-17s also joins in the mission and are despatched from 3rd Bomb Division with the aircraft factories at Brunswick, Germany as their primary target.

138 B-24s from 2nd Bomb Division are also despatched to bomb the aircraft factories at Brunswick as their primary target.
The attacks are summarized below:

1st Bomb Division: 177 B-17's from: 91BG; 92BG; 303BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; and 401BG are dispatched to Oschersleben, Germany as the primary target. 139 are effective on the target, 20 others hit targets of opportunity. 34 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 122KIA 235POW 6EVD. The bomber gunners of this element claim 174-32-63 Luftwaffe aircraft (total probably exaggerated); 2 battle damaged aircraft make crashlandings upon return and are deemed to Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) and are eventually salvaged but there are no casualties on these two; in addition another 3 aircraft sustain heavy damage but manage to return to England, 6KIA 4POW 1EVD 19RTD. A total of 83 aircraft are damaged with 3 airmen KIA and 11 WIA.

1st Bomb Division: 114 B-17's from: 305BG; 306BG, 384BG and 482BG are dispatched to Halberstadt, Germany as the primary target. 52 aircraft are effective on the primary and 55 others bomb targets of opportunity. 6 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) (Freeman claims 8, but MACR research confirms only 6 FTRs in this element) 50KIA 8POW 2EVD. 1 aircraft is Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) but 10RTD. 43 aircraft return with battle damage and 1 airman if KIA and 18 are WIA aboard these aircraft. The bomber gunnerss of this element claim 35-11-19 Luftwaffe aircraft (probably exaggerated).

3rd Bomb Division: A combined force of 234 B-17s from 3rd Bomb Division: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG and 447BG are despatched to bomb the aircraft factories at Brunswick, Germany as the primary target. Only 47 aircraft are effective on the target. 114 bomb Osnabruck, Germany as a Target of Opportunity (TO); 25 bomb Bielefeld as a TO, 22 hit Piene as a TO; 10 hit Herford as a TO and 1 drops on Nienenburg as a TO. 16 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 45KIA 103POW (2 of these died in captivity) 10 RTD (Rescued by ASR). Freeman claims one aircraft was a Category E (DBR loss) but no accident report confirms that claim. Stan Bishop's "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces" has correctly identified this DBR loss as occuring on 12-Jan-44. 47 aircraft are damaged and 5 airmen aboard these aircraft were WIA. The bomber gunners from 3BD and 2BD (see below) claim a combined total of 19-17-16 of attacking German fighters.

2nd Bomb Division: A total of 138 B-24s from: 44BG; 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 446BG and 448BG are despatched to bomb the aircraft factories at Brunswick, German as the primary target. 4 B-24's of this element are PFF aircraft , this being the first time B-24's are used in this capacity. None of the aircraft managed tto bomb at Brunswick, but 58 strike at Meppen, Germany as a TO, 1 hits Lingen as a TO and 7 others bomb other Targets of Opportunity (TO). 2 aircraft Failed to Return 15KIA 5POW. Freeman claims 1 B-24 Damaged Beyond Repair but no report was found to confirm that claim. 7 aircraft were damaged but there were no other casualties.

(NOTE: The original description for this mission included the fighter escort statistics, but that information has been transferred and included under VIII Fighter Command 216)

HQ 96th Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) is activated at Horsham St Faith, England.

Mission Details

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 20 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 1st Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 57.30
  • Aircraft sent: 20
  • Aircraft effective: 20
  • Aircraft damaged: 8

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 55 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 2nd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 73.37
  • Aircraft sent: 55
  • Aircraft effective: 55
  • Aircraft damaged: 23

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 21.00
  • Aircraft sent: 7
  • Aircraft effective: 7

BIELEFELD (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 25 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 3rd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 70.00
  • People killed in action: 1
  • Prisoners of war: 9
  • Aircraft sent: 25
  • Aircraft effective: 25
  • Aircraft missing in action: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 5

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Among the Pathfinder (PFF)-equipped aircraft are 4 B-24s, this is the first time that B-24s have been used in this capacity. The 94th Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 2). The 379th Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 2) Bomber gunner claims of 19-17-16 are stated here as the combined claims of both the B-17 element and the B-24 element that had Brunswick as thier primary target.

  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 390th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 447th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 162.90
  • People killed in action: 34
  • People wounded in action: 5
  • Prisoners of war: 77
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 19
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 17
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 16
  • Aircraft sent: 56
  • Aircraft effective: 47
  • Aircraft missing in action: 11
  • Aircraft damaged: 9

Brunswick, Germany (Primary Target)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: Cloud cover prevents bombing on the primary.

The insignia of the 389th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 392nd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A pathfinder B-24 Liberator (serial number 42-51681) of the 453rd Bomb Group flies in formation with a fellow Liberator of the 453rd and and a pathfinder Liberator of the 445th Bomb Group. Image via Alan Rowsell.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A flight of B-24 Liberators of the 446th Bomb Group fly in formation above the clouds.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 448th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 0.00
  • People missing in action: 20
  • Aircraft sent: 136
  • Aircraft missing in action: 2

HALBERSTADT (Primary)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: The 305th Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 2). The 306th Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (1st of 2) All casualties from 2nd element bundled.

The insignia of the 384th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 69.37
  • People killed in action: 51
  • People wounded in action: 18
  • Prisoners of war: 10
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 35
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 11
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 19
  • Aircraft sent: 59
  • Aircraft effective: 52
  • Aircraft missing in action: 6
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 19

HERFORD (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 10 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 3rd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 15.60
  • Aircraft sent: 10
  • Aircraft effective: 10
  • Aircraft damaged: 1

LINGEN (Target of Opportunity)

Description: Railroad marshalling yard bombed as a Target of Opportunity

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: Twenty-one B-24's of the 445th Bomb Group dropped a total of 210 500lb incendiary bundles on the target. Five aircraft of the 448th Bomb Group joined with the 445th and dropped 60 500lb General Purpose bombs on the target. The 389th Bomb Group provided 2 PFF aircraft that dropped 24 500lb General Purpose bombs with 4 smoke markers.

The insignia of the 389th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A pathfinder B-24 Liberator (serial number 42-51681) of the 453rd Bomb Group flies in formation with a fellow Liberator of the 453rd and and a pathfinder Liberator of the 445th Bomb Group. Image via Alan Rowsell.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 58.5
  • Aircraft sent: 23
  • Aircraft effective: 23

MEPPEN (Target of Opportunity)

Description: Targets of Opportunity - City center, railroad station, canal shipping, canal locks, and a factory.

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: 44th Bomb Group (H) - 19 aircraft dropped 202 500lb GP; 11 bombed the canal and railroad station, 8 dropped on the canal locks. 392nd Bomb Group (H) - 11 aircraft dropped 121 500lb GP; 11 bombed the city center 448th Bomb Group (H) - 13 aircraft dropped 156 500lb GP; 6 bombed the city center, 6 bombed an unidentified factory near Zundberg, and 1 bombed an unknown target.

The insignia of the 392nd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 448th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 119.75
  • People missing in action: 20
  • Aircraft sent: 43
  • Aircraft effective: 43
  • Aircraft missing in action: 2

NIENBURG (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 1 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 3rd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Group could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 1.90
  • Aircraft sent: 1
  • Aircraft effective: 1

OSCHERSLEBEN (Primary)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Fierce fighter opposition encountered as more than 500 attack. Heaviest fighter attack since the 14-Oct-43 attack on Schweinfurt. The 91st Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 2). The 92nd Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (1st of 1). The 303rd Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (1st of 1). The 381st Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 2). The 401st Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (1st of 2). All casualties from 1st Element bundled.

Official emblem of the 303rd Bomb Group approved 7 November 1942.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Air base
A pathfinder B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 44-8258) of the 401st Bomb Group. Image by Robert Astrella. Written on slide casing: '48258 14 A, Mount Farm.'
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 398.82
  • People killed in action: 120
  • People wounded in action: 11
  • People evaded: 6
  • Prisoners of war: 247
  • People returned to duty: 39
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 174
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 32
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 63
  • Aircraft sent: 157
  • Aircraft effective: 139
  • Aircraft missing in action: 36
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 4
  • Aircraft damaged: 76

OSNABRUCK (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 114 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 3rd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 250.02
  • People killed in action: 18
  • Prisoners of war: 19
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Aircraft sent: 114
  • Aircraft effective: 114
  • Aircraft missing in action: 4
  • Aircraft damaged: 28

PEINE (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 22 aircraft from Bomb Groups included in 3rd Element attacked this target but which aircraft from which Bomb Groups could not be determined from source data.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 42.30
  • Aircraft sent: 22
  • Aircraft effective: 22
  • Aircraft damaged: 4

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 533rd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-809475
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Navigator
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-735233
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Navigator; Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 446th Bomb Group 93rd Bomb Group
  • Service Numbers: O-434690
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: Pilot / Operations Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 94th Bomb Group 333rd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 36000091 / O-744349
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 545th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 33213036
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade)
  • Role/Job: waist gunner

Aircraft

Ground crew work of the 303rd Bomb Group work on the engines of a B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "The Duchess". Passed for publication 20 Jan 1944. Printed caption on reverse: 'Famous Fortresses. Associated Press Photo Shows:- Ground crewmen at work on the Fortress "Duchess", which has already been on 50 missions over enemy territory. They are (left to right, lower): Sgt. Clyde L. Dewald, of 200 E Union St., Schnykill Haven, Penn.; and Sgt. James C. Hicks, of Rowtob, Henderson, K.Y.; (Upper) Cpl. Charles
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: The Duchess, Sure Stuff
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 359th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Sky Wolf
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 358th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Bad Check
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 427th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Knock-out Dropper
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 359th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: The 401st Hack, Agony Wagon, Gravy Train
  • Unit: 390th Bomb Group 401st Bomb Group 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars 97th Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron 613th Bomb Squadron

Revisions

Date14 Sep 2017 17:11:57
ContributorWWII37
Sources

711th Bombardment Squadron (H), 447th Bombardment Group (H)
B-17-G #42-39882, “My Gal” Crew
Top Left to Right: August E. Herlth, Eugene G. D'Albero, Larry S. Hatfield, Martin J. Gruber
Bottom Left to Right: William M. Lindgren, Bailey E. Swadley, Raymond L. Hayes, William H. Stoyer, Rocco J. LoCarro, Louis L. Jenkins

Date7 Jan 2016 17:49:46
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 7-Jan-2016 Edited Mission Narrative for format

Date6 Jan 2016 23:41:19
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2016. Added the combined bomber gunner claims of both the B-17 and B-24 elements that had Brunswick as their primary target per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date6 Jan 2016 23:36:19
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2016. Added bomber gunner claims to statistics of Halberstadt element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date6 Jan 2016 23:34:25
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2016. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to Oschersleben element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date6 Jan 2016 23:09:25
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2016. Moved fighter Mission Description to VIII Fighter Command 216.

Date6 Jan 2016 22:28:49
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2016. Edited Mission title and Mission Description with correct losses based on MACR documentation and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey, MBE.

Date28 Mar 2015 21:04:29
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 21:00:53
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Air Force Combat Chronology

Date28 Mar 2015 20:57:05
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:54:25
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:51:39
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:37:32
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:28:09
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:24:30
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:20:46
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Mighty Eighth War Diary by Roger A. Freeman

Date28 Mar 2015 19:16:20
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Source document: 2nd Air Division Mission Report obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 19:04:38
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Second Air Division Mission Report, 2AD F.O. #180; obtained from Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL.

Date28 Mar 2015 18:33:01
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Mighty Eighth War Diary, page 166

Date28 Mar 2015 18:19:22
ContributorB24Mike
Sources

Second Air Division Tactical Mission Report for 11/01/44 , 2AD Field Order No. 180 (Obtained from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL)

Date22 Oct 2014 16:37:29
ContributorLucy May
Sources

Associated B-17 42-39775 "Frenesi" as it was on this mission that this aircraft of the 94th Bomb Group suffered battle damage.

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:16
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

8th Air Force 182: Gallery (5 items)