471

13 July 1944

Object Number - UPL 44168 - 8th Air Force mission 471; Munich, Germany; July 13, 1944. 447th Bomb Group strike photo

Mission Details

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 3.9 T

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 7.5 T

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 9 T

MUNICH (Opportunistic)

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 15 T

MUNICH (Primary)

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 457th BG - MISSION NO. 88 - MUNICH, GERMANY - 13 JULY, 1944 For the third successive day, Munich was the target of the Eighth Air Force bombers. Seven hundred planes were dispatched to Munich, while over three hundred were sent to Saarbrucken. The Allach aero engine works was the visual pnmary target and the center of Munich the PFF target. Losses and battle damage on 12 July's mission limited the 457th Group's force to one eighteen-plane box on this mission. Major Peresich led the Group. Takeoff was into an overcast that extended from two thousand feet to twelve thousand feet. The assembly altitude had to be raised to 14,000 feet. One plane failed to find the Group formation. It joined the 306th Group. The remainder of the planes assembled into the high box position in the 94th Combat Wing. No change had been made in the penetration route from that of the previous two missions to Munich. German fighter strength had not offered battle before and the presence of six hundred American fighters did not augur for a profitable Interception. At the moment the 457th Group was crossing the Rhine River between Karisruhe and Mannheim, messages were sent by the German police system to Stuttgart, Nuremburg and Salzburg, telling them to send all available fire-fighting apparatus to Munich. The formation overshot the briefed IP and did not turn toward Munich until it was almost due north of the city. PFF bombing was announced and as the Wing came down the bomb run, the 457th high box was in its proper place at the left side of the Wing leader. However, the leader had brought the formation in to the west of the center of Munich and made a sharp left turn to correct. This threw the high box over to the right of the lead and bombs were dropped in this position. They fell in a less built up area two miles southeast of the center of the city and on the east side of the Isar River. After bombing, the lead box turned left instead of right as briefed. The high box turned right and became separated from the lead and low box. An attempt was made to join the other two boxes after they came around Munich, but the 45 7th Group was too far ahead. It then joined the 40th Combat Wing and returned to England without difficulty. No fighters were observed and flak over Munich had been much less accurate than yesterday. Only eight planes received damage, all minor. Out of 1043 dispatched bombers, sixteen failed to return.

  • Unit Hierarchy: Division
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
Unofficial emblem of the 457th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 244.3 T

MUNICH CITY (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Notes: 3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17s is 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group

  • Unit Hierarchy: Division
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Combat organisation

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 335.2 T

MUNICH CITY (Primary)

Description: INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Notes: 1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

  • Unit Hierarchy: Division
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 830.4 T

SAARBRUCKEN (Primary)

Description: MARSHALLING YARDS

Notes: 2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 489th Bomb Group, 491st Bomb Group,492nd Bomb Group.

  • Unit Hierarchy: Division
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Combat organisation

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 911.3 T

Connections

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People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 615th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Ball Turret Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 466th Bomb Group 784th Bomb Squadron 787th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-683645
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 390th Bomb Group 570th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 15322063
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade)
  • Role/Job: Tail Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 560th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 12159739
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade)
  • Role/Job: Waist Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 560th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-747209
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: Pilot

Aircraft

Revisions

Date3 Jun 2015 13:26:26
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:07
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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