DOCUMENT 53484

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301st Bomb Group, Mission No. 246, 10 Apr 1945, Oranienburg, Germany. On this mission the three squadrons of the 401st made up the 94th Combat Wing "B" Group. The target, the ordnance facilities at Oranienburg, is located just north of Berlin. While the weather was clear, smoke over the target from bombs dropped by preceding Groups made visual sighting very difficult. As a result, the Lead Squadron dropped slightly to the right and over the MPI; the High Squadron aimed at the wrong point near the target but hit another depot and caused considerable damage; while the Low Squadron achieved excellent results, with all of its bombs hitting within 1,000 feet of the MPI. Flak in the area of Wittenberg caused major damage to two 401st aircraft. One, B-17 No. 43-38788 ("Heavy Date"), piloted by Lt. C. P. Spence, had two engines knocked out and was forced to crash land at a Luftwaffe airfield. All crewmen, two of whom were injured, survived the crash and were taken prisoner by the German army. However, when the prison detachment in which they were marching was attacked by an RAF Mosquito aircraft, five of the crew were able to escape from their guards and turned up thirteen days later at Deenthorpe!

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Units

A pathfinder B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 44-8258) of the 401st Bomb Group. Image by Robert Astrella. Written on slide casing: '48258 14 A, Mount Farm.'
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Diana Queen Of The Chase
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Farmer's Daughter
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 614th Bomb Squadron 615th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: D-Day Dottie
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 613th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Ice Cold Katy
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Cover Girl
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 614th Bomb Squadron

Locations

Mission

Revisions