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Supermarine Spitfire BS313 Mk IX, Built at Chattis Hill.
FF 5-9-42, assigned to 401S 8-9-42, transferred to 133S 'MD-A' 8-9-42
Ran out of fuel and force landed in Brittany 26-9-42 F/Lt E G Brettel DFC POW Shot after the 'Great Escape', SOC.
This aircraft was originally assigned to 133 Squadron RAF but was transferred to the 8th Air Force, 4th Fighter Group, 336th Fighter Squadron on 22-August-1942. This aircraft was flown by Flight Lieutenant Edward G. Brettell RAF 133 Squadron ref: in escort of Americn bombers attacking the German airfield of Porjeau at Morlaix, France. The aircraft was shot down and crashed out of control near Morlaix, France Lt. Brettell was unable to abandon the aircraft, sustained multiple fractures and was captured as a POW. He was later executed by the Germans for participating in the "Great Escape" at Stalag Luft 3.



  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force

    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...

  • No 133 'Eagle' Squadron

    No 133 'Eagle' Squadron

    'On 1 August 1941, No. 133 reformed at Coltishall as the third 'Eagle' Squadron manned by American personnel. Equipped with Hurricanes it became operational at the end of September. The next month the Squadron moved to Northern Ireland, returning to...


  • Edward Brettell

    Military | Squadron Leader | fighter Pilot/squadron commander
    Joined RAF, trained at 58 OTU, assigned to 92Sqn, transferred to 133Sqn. Shot down 26 September 1942 near Morlaix, France in Spitfire IX BS313. Became a Prisoner of War (POW) and was executed for his part in the Great Escape from Stalag Luft III


  • VIII Fighter Command

    26 September 1942
    14 aircraft and pilots took off from Great Sampford for Bolthead, Devonshire, landing there at 1230 hours. At 1350 hours and after a very sketchy briefing, 12 aircraft of the Squadron took off together with 401 with orders to make rendezvous with a...


  • Biggin Hill

    Military site : airfield
    An RAF Station with US lodger units. USAAF Spitfires and P-38s were attached to RAF No 11 Group stations in mid-1942 for training; also used for special operations by British and US forces.

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...


Event Location Date
Manufactured Chattis Hill, Spitfire Lane, Stockbridge, Hampshire SO20 6JS, UK 5 September 1942

Built at Chattis Hill. First flew 5-9-42.

Assigned London Biggin Hill Airport, Main Road, Biggin Hill, Bromley, Kent TN16 3BH, UK 8 September 1942

Assigned to 401 (City of Westmount) Sqn RCAF 8-9-42.

Transferred Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 8 September 1942

Transferred to 133 [Eagle] Sqn RAF coded 'MD-A' 8-9-42.

Crashed Morlaix, France 26 September 1942

Shot down and crashed out of control Morlaix, France 26-9-42 F/Lt Edward G Brettel DFC WIA / POW Shot dead after the 'Great Escape'.

Struck Off Charge SOC Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 27 September 1942

Struck Off Charge.


Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 09:39:05 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations and place associations

Spitfire Production List.

Date Contributor Update
08 September 2015 13:14:41 Al_Skiff Changes to production block number, markings, description, events, unit associations and place associations

Spitfire Production List.

Date Contributor Update
22 October 2014 20:37:50 Lee8thbuff Changes to description

Lee Cunningham 22-Oct-2014. Addition of URL to description

Date Contributor Update
22 October 2014 20:32:27 Lee8thbuff Created entry with serial number, aircraft type, production block number, manufacturer, description, unit associations, person associations and mission associations

Lee Cunningham 22-Oct-2014. "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces" Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.