Skip to main content
Edit entry 

41-23816

B-24 Liberator

Note : The B-24D, 41- The B-24D, 41-23816, flown by Lt. Coleman Whitaker, named, Black Jack, was one of two B-24Ds in the MTO named, Black Jack, and was assigned to the 8th Air Force, the 44th Bomb Group, and the 68th Bomb Squadron, in the U.K. in the ETO. It should not be confused with Lt. Delbert Hahn's B-24D from the 98th Bomb Group, 41-23661, which was also named, Black Jack, and flew in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), assigned to the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bomb Squadron, a pink ship with nose art of a mule kicking his hind legs up in the air, based in North Africa at Lete, Benghazi, Libya.

Lt. Whitaker's, Black Jack, 41-23816, from Britain, had the nose art of a picture of a "Black Jack" hand of cards, showing it's hand of 21, equal to it's abbreviated serial number : 123816, which added up to a total of 21. It did not take part in the Ploesti mission, but did fly other missions out of Benghazi, Libya, with the 98th Bomb Group.

Lt. Coleman Whitaker in, Black Jack, 41-23816, was shot down and failed to return from it's mission over Germany (FTR). Lt. Whitaker was killed (KIA) in October 1943, on a mission to Weiner Neustadt, Germany. Coleman Whitaker's 8th Air Force, Black Jack, was hit by flak in it's bomb bay and caught on fire shortly after leaving the target area over Bremen, Germany. The aircraft rolled over and fell into an uncontrollable spin, quickly losing altitude as the fire in it's bomb bay blow torched into an inferno. The plane broke apart and crashed in the target area near Weiner Neustadt. Five crewmen were killed in action (KIA), including Lt. Whitaker. Five of the crewmen successfully bailed out of the bomber, were captured, and became prisoners. (POW). The aircraft failed to return and was lost. FTR. 1 Oct 43. 5 KIA. 5 POW. MACR 3312

The left vertical fin from the 44th Bomb Group's, Black Jack, 41-23816, was recovered from Berlin after the war. Although not an Operation Tidal Wave veteran, Coleman Whitaker's 44th Bomb Group's, Black Jack, did go to the Libyan desert as proven by the RAF fin flashes painted on it's vertical fins. The 8th Air Force ships from England usually did not receive the British fin flashes, so the presence of a painted fin flash, on, 41 is certain proof this ship spent some time in the desert. The 44th Bomb Group's B-24D, Black Jack, 41-23816, was, of course, an olive drab green ship and had the completely different nose art of a "Black Jack" card hand, different from, 41-23661, the 98th Bomb Group's, Black Jack, nose art picture of the kicking mule with the horse shoes for missions. - Contributor - Col. David H. Klause

Service

Aircraft

  • 41-23816 - Black Jack

    B-24 Liberator
    Note : The B-24D, 41- The B-24D, 41-23816, flown by Lt. Coleman Whitaker, named, Black Jack, was one of two B-24Ds in the MTO named, Black Jack, and was assigned to the 8th Air Force, the 44th Bomb Group, and the 68th Bomb Squadron, in the U.K. in the...

  • 42-40765 - Valient Virgin

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24-D-95-CO - 42-40765 - Delivered : Tucson, AZ May 1943 - Allocated : 8th Air Force ...

  • 42-40071 - Margaret Ann II

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, 42-40071, named, Margaret Ann II, was assigned to the 8th Air Force, and temporarily detached (TDY) to the 98th Bomb Group in North Africa, the 44th Bomb Group, and the 68th Bomb Squadron, flown by Lt. Coleman Whitaker on the...

  • 42-40246 - Thunder Mug

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, 42-40246, named, Thunder Mug, was flown by pilots, Lt. Russell Longnecker and Lt. Donald K. "Deacon" Jones, on the Ploesti oil refinery mission. Returned safely to Benghazi, Libya. 1 Aug 43. ...

  • 41-23661 - Black Jack

    B-24 Liberator
    Note : This B-24D, 41-23661, one of 2 B-24Ds named, Black Jack, in the MTO, this one with the nose art of a kicking mule, was flown by Lt. Delbert Hahn and his crew. ...

Show more

Units

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 68th Bomb Squadron

People

  • Francis Bauman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40071. ...

  • Carl Carlson

    Military | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

  • Edwin Carlson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Airplane Mechanic, Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Joined squad 3 August 1942. ...

  • Anthony D'Amico

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Joined Sqd 6/19/43. DS/Bengahzi 6/26/43. Returned to base 8/26/43. DS/Tunis 9/19/43. ...

  • George Guilford

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Bombardier | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40071. ...

  • Robert Reasoner

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    On 3 January 1943 in B-24D 41-23806 'Bat Out of Hell' while serving as Tail Gunner the aircraft crashed south-west of Haverfordwest returning from target U/B yards (submarine) at St. Nazaire, France. Fuel shortage caused the crash. Hospitalized and...

  • Theodore Scarlett

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot / Co-Pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying in B-24 Liberator 41-23699. ...

  • Robert Smith

    Military | Master Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40071. ...

  • Eugene Vickary

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40071. ...

  • Coleman Whitaker

    Military | First Lieutenant | B-24 Command Pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Lt. Coleman Whitaker volunteered for, and served as an RAF pilot for several months before Pearl Harbor. Later, he transferred back to the USAAF and took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the large mission to the Ploesti, Romania, oil refineries, flying...

Places

  • Shipdham

    Military site : airfield
    Shipdham was built in 1941-1942, the first US heavy bomber airfield in the English county of Norfolk. It was a standard design, with T2-type hangars and a domestic site dispersed to the south east. Improvements were carried out to increase the number...

Events

Event Location Date
Manufactured San Diego, CA, USA 1943

Built at Consolidated.

Delivered Fort Worth, Texas, USA 1943

Delivered to USAAF.

Assigned Shipdham, UK 1943

Assigned to the 8th Air Force, the 44th Bomb Group, and the 68th Bomb Squadron, USAAF. Shipdam, U.K.

Crashed Wiener Neustadt, Austria 1 October 1943

Failed to Return (FTR) from mission to the Wiener Nuestadt, Austria, ME-109 assembly works. Plane was hit by flak in the bomb bay, caught fire, fell into an uncontrollable spin and crashed. 1 Oct 43. 5 KIA 6 POW. MACR 3312.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
15 June 2022 10:15:25 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=41-23816&Submit6=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/28651083
http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
14 June 2022 21:00:56 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

david h klause /https://www.low-level-ploesti.org/author/b-24

Date Contributor Update
14 June 2022 20:48:14 Kickapoo Changes to markings, description and aircraft associations
Sources

david h klause /https://www.low-level-ploesti.org/author/b-24/

Date Contributor Update
14 June 2022 19:40:47 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Col. David H. Klause, USAF Ret.

Date Contributor Update
24 May 2022 12:35:25 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=41-23816&Submit6=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/28651083
http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
23 May 2022 13:35:49 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

David H. Klause - www.Low-Level-Ploesti.org

Date Contributor Update
21 May 2022 09:29:48 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=41-23816&Submit6=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/28651083
http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
18 May 2022 23:40:40 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Black Sunday-Ploesti - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
18 May 2022 23:29:38 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Black Sunday-Ploesti - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
18 May 2022 05:11:43 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Into The Fire - Duane Schultz

Date Contributor Update
15 May 2022 17:22:17 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=41-23816&Submit6=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/28651083
http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
30 April 2022 06:26:20 Kickapoo Changes to description and events
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
29 April 2022 23:22:14 Kickapoo Changes to mission associations
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
29 April 2022 22:59:05 Kickapoo Changes to production block number, markings, description and events
Sources

Details added. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
07 February 2022 13:33:11 Kickapoo Changes to nicknames, markings and description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
02 December 2021 05:25:55 Kickapoo Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Changed connections. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
02 December 2021 04:26:39 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack - ( with a Black Jack card hand for nose art )

Date Contributor Update
02 December 2021 04:10:59 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack - ( card hand for nose art )

Date Contributor Update
19 November 2021 05:47:33 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Details added. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
19 November 2021 05:44:12 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Details added. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
19 November 2021 04:58:10 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2021 08:28:42 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Details changed. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2021 08:15:51 Kickapoo Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2021 08:03:59 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2021 07:48:29 Kickapoo Changes to nicknames, markings and description
Sources

Black Sunday - Ploesti - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
14 October 2021 13:29:12 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 21:50:35 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Word change. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 21:47:33 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Detail changed for accuracy. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 21:40:24 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Details added for clarity and accuracy. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 19:10:15 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Wording changes. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 19:09:00 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Wording, punctuation changes. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 18:52:16 Kickapoo Changes to markings, description and mission associations
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2021 18:17:18 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Added information. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
21 August 2021 11:23:31 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - Black Jack

Date Contributor Update
21 August 2021 10:40:29 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Word and punctuation changes. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
17 August 2021 13:19:23 Emily Changes to nicknames, markings and description
Sources

Changed all instances of aircraft name into sentence case to as per best practice for accessibility.

Date Contributor Update
30 July 2021 06:34:53 Kickapoo Changes to nicknames, markings, description and aircraft associations
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41023816 - BLACK JACK

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2021 16:53:40 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - '41-23816'

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2021 16:50:52 Kickapoo Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - '41-23816'

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2021 03:58:22 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - 'BLACK JACK'

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2021 03:56:36 Kickapoo Changes to markings
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - 'BLACK JACK'

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2021 03:01:11 Kickapoo Changes to markings and description
Sources

Best Web - B-24 - 41-23816 - 'BLACK JACK'

Date Contributor Update
07 August 2016 13:41:09 Al_Skiff Changes to production block number, nicknames, description, events, unit associations, person associations and place associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=41-23816&Submit6=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/28651083
http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
07 May 2015 21:53:06 JasonR Changes to nicknames and markings
Sources

http://www.b24bestweb.com/blackjack-v1-2.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:40:01 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

MACR 3312 / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database

Share