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US Strategic Air Forces

Command

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as Eighth AF on 19 Jan 1942 and activated on 28 Jan. Moved to England, May-Jun 1942, and engaged primarily in bombardment of targets in Europe. Redesignated US Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) on 22 Feb 1944. Afterward, coordinated AAF activities in the EAME Theater, exercising some operational control over both Eighth AF (originally VIII Bomber Command) and Fifteenth, and some administrative control over Eighth AF and Ninth. Served with the occupation forces in Europe after World War II. Redesignated United States Air Forces in Europe in Aug 1945. Directed USAF operations in the Berlin airlift, Jun 1948-Sep 1949.

COMMANDS:
VIII Air Support: 1942- 1943
VIII Bomber: 1942-1944
VIII Fighter: 1942-1944.

STATIONS
Savannah AB, Ga, 28 Jan-c. 20 May 1942
London, England, 18 Jun 1942
Bushy Park, England, 25 Jun 1942
St-Germain-en-Laye, France, 26 Sep 1944
Wiesbaden, Germany, c. 28 Sep 1945-

Commanding officers
  • Carl Spaatz

    Military | General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    A few weeks after Pearl Harbor, in January 1942, General Spaatz was assigned as chief of the Army Air Force Combat Command at Washington and promoted to the temporary rank of major general. In May 1942, Spaatz was designated commander of the Eighth Air...

  • Ira Eaker

    Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    Commanding General of 8th AF 1 December 1942 to 5 January 1944. Following that, Eaker was given command of all Allied air forces in the MTO, and in April 1945 became Deputy CG of the USAAF. Retired July 1947. ...

  • Asa Duncan

    Military | Brigadier General | 8th Air Force Chief of Staff
    En route to Maison Blanche, via Gibraltar on 17 November 1942, with Clark Garber, Co-pilot: Josh Kaplan, Navigator: John Roysden, Bombardier: Les Birleson*, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Welcome Talbot, Radio Operator: Paul Padgett, Ball turret...

Structure

Part of
Not yet known
Encompassing
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Previously was
  • Headquarters (8th Air Force)

    Headquarters (8th Air Force)

    Headquarters
    8th Air Force Headquarters opened in London under the command of General Carl A Spaatz on 18 June 1942.

Became
Not yet known

Connections

People

  • E Adkins

    Military | Major | Education and Information Services

  • Frederick Anderson

    Military | General | Commanding General | 95th Bomb Group
    Formerly senior pilot. CG VIII BC 1 July 1943 to January 1944. ...

  • W Baily

    Military | Colonel | Chief off USSTAF Special Services

  • Kenneth Bitting

    Military | Colonel | Director of Personnel
    Bitting enlisted as a Private during the First World War and fought in the four major battles in France. He was awarded the Purple Heart and other medals and received a battlefield commission as a Lieutenant. He always loved being known as "Private...

  • Harold Bowman

    Military | Brigadier General | Commanding Officer | 401st Bomb Group
    Commanding Officer of 401st BG from June 1943 to 5 December 1944. ...

  • Stuart Bryan

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Chief, Policy and Research Branch

  • T Budington

    Military | Lieutenant | Assistant, Officer Personnel Branch

  • Charles Carpenter

    Military | Colonel | Senior Chaplain

  • G Carrel

    Military | Colonel | USSTAF Headquarters Section A-1, OPS 239.

  • Frank Carter

    Military | Lieutenant | Status Section, Redeployment Read. Branch.

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 August 2018 14:10:08 Emily Changes to us air force combat units of world war ii description, unit part of associations, unit previously was association and commanding officers associations
Sources

AIR FORCE COMBAT UNITS OF WORLD WAR II

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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