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335th Fighter Squadron

Squadron

The 335th Fighter Squadron was the offspring of No. 121 (Eagle) Squadron RAF. Formed on 21 May 1941, No. 121 was the second of the three Eagle Squadrons composed of American volunteers flying out of England. They were known as the "Chiefs" and were activated on 12 September 1942, and assigned to the 4th Fighter Group based at Debden aerodrome in Essex.
They originally flew British Spitfires until they were replaced with P-47 Thunderbolts, which were in turn replaced by P-51 Mustangs a year later and were flown until the end of the war. The "Chiefs" were credited with destroying 262 enemy aircraft.
Shortly after VE-Day the "Chiefs" were reassigned to Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, and were deactivated in November 1945.

Structure

Part of
  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

Encompassing
  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...

Previously was
  • No. 121 'Eagle' Squadron

    No. 121 'Eagle' Squadron

    Squadron
    'On 14 May 1941, No. 121 was reformed at Kirton-in-Lindsey as the second 'Eagle' Squadron to be manned by American volunteers. Equipped with Hurricanes, it began defensive patrols in October but in November it converted to Spitfires. It moved to North...

Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Debden

Connections

People

  • George Acker

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ground Personnel | 4th Fighter Group

  • Robert Ackerly

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. ...

  • Dale Aebersold

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ground Personnel | 4th Fighter Group
    Dale Aebersold served with the 335th Fighter Squadron of the 4th Fighter Group as Ground Personnel.

  • Andrew Alexopoulos

    Military | Sergeant | Ground Personnel | 4th Fighter Group

  • David Allen

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 354th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 2nd Scouting Force. Transferred to 358FS, 355FG 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 354FG. Ended Tour Duty (ETD).

  • Fred Allen

    Military | Private | Ground Personnel | 4th Fighter Group

  • James Allen

    Military | Corporal | Ground personnel | 4th Fighter Group

  • Richard Allen

    Military | GP | 4th Fighter Group

  • Thomas Alspaugh

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Clerk / Typist | 4th Fighter Group

  • Arthur Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 4th Fighter Group

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Aircraft

  • 42-103561

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. A/C hit by Flak at 26,000ft over Aachen. Turned for home, forced to bailout 12 miles SW of Antwerp. Pilot Lt Lester B Godwin evaded capture, EVD. 20-Jul-44. MACR 6849.

  • 42-103609

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Signalled flight his intention to RTB, turned for home, not seen after. Shot down in Ostend area. Pilot Lt Carroll McElroy POW. 31-May-44. MACR 5670.

  • 42-106429 'Judy IV'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to return, shot down in combat with Bf109, crashed near Hamburg 24-May-44. Pilot 2nd Lt Harry E Jennings KIA MACR 5287.

  • 42-106438

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Lost 19-Jul-44 on bomber escort to Munich, suffered glycol leak, aborted and forced landed at Ems, Switzerland pilot Lt Curtis Simpson Interned. A/C was subsequently dismantled by Swiss air force mechanics and...

  • 42-106464

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Aborted escort mission to Karlsruhe, due to engine problems, on return to base, pilot Lt Eliot H Shapleigh abandoned A/C. Evaded capture EVD. 27-May-44. MACR 5724.

  • 42-106555

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Searching for ground targets to strafe, unit turned to attack 30+ enemy fighters, shot down in independant dogfight. 18-Aug-44. pilot Lt Leo Dailey KIA. MACR 8143.

  • 42-106576

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Whilst strafing a truck convoy, section bounced by 15+ enemy fighters, A/C not seen after engagement began. Pilot Capt Bernard McGrattan KIA. 6-Jun-44. MACR 5611.

  • 42-106675

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return Ramrod to Berlin. A/C last seen shortly after engaging two Bf109’s northwest of Nauen, Germany. Pilot Major George Carpenter POW. 18-Apr-44. MACR 4125.

  • 42-106706

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. On Ramrod to Stettin, section bounced 40+ enemy fighters, A/C was hit in coolant system, pilot Lt Vol R Harris Jr abandoned A/C. 20-6-44. POW. MACR 6249.

  • 42-106786

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down, whilst strafing a train, when section bounced by mixed group of Bf109 and Fw190's Le Neubourg, France. Pilot Lt Harold L Ross Jr KIA. 6-Jun-44. MACR 5612.

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2015 20:22:59 apollo11 Changes to nicknames, unit part of associations, unit encompassing associations and unit previously was association
Sources

'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th Fighter Group' by Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
08 March 2015 14:42:09 apollo11 Changes to type, description, aircraft types and unit part of associations
Sources

Personal research & 'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th Fighter Group' by Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:48 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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