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10th Fighter Squadron

Squadron

50th Fighter Group (Special). The group moved to the European Theater of Operations in the Spring 1944 expansion of Ninth Air Force in England in preparation for Operation Overlord. It flew its first combat mission on 1 May 1944. Lymington USAAF Station 551) based 10th Fighter Squadron (T-5) flying P-47s flew close air support over the Normandy Beaches 06-06-44.
RAF Lymington ALG (Advanced Landing Ground) was constructed in the summer of 1943 in preparation for the invasion of mainland Europe. However, it was not occupied until April 1944 when three US squadrons (10th FS, 81st FS, 313th FS) of the 50th Fighter Group arrived. These squadrons were equipped with Thunderbolt fighters and flew numerous missions over the D-Day period, before they departed to an airfield in France on June 24th. After that only a small holding party remained at the airfield and little flying took place before the site was broken down in spring 1945. There is some suggestion that the airfield was a prototype for construction methods for the airfields that would be built in France, but this is not confirmed.

20 June 44 -10th FS moved to A-10 Carentan, France.

49°18'17"N 001°11'06"W

runway: 08/26 - 1524x35m/5000x120ft - SMT

Carentan airfield (Advanced Landing Ground A-10 Carentan, in French: Aèrodrome de Carentan) was an Advanced Landing Ground near Utah Beach in Normandy, France
The airfield was built just east of Carentan by 826 Engineer Aviation Battalion from 15 June 1944. It was taken into limited service only 4 days later. Its 35 meter wide landing track (Square Mesh Track) was extended on both sides by taxi tracks, effectively making for a 100 meter wide landing strip. The southern taxi track doubled as an emergency crash-runway.
On 19 June 1944 P-47s Thunderbolts of 50 Fighter Group, part of 84 Fighter Wing of 9th Air Force, took up residence at the airfield. It's first squadron (313, coded W3) arrived the same day. The other two squadrons (10FS, coded T5, and 81FS, coded 2N) arrived a day later. On 22 July the station received another unit, when P-38J Lightnings of 392FS (coded H5), belonging to 367FG, took up residence. The Lightnings arrived shortly after a tragedy near Cotentin. Being part of a large 14 squadron effort to bomb and strafe German positions from low level, the unit was last to attack. Obviously, by this time German flak was expecting them, and the unit took a heavy loss. 14 pilots were killed, one taken prisoner, and commander RC "Buck" Rogers returned to base with only 7 aircraft left. 392FS remained until 15 August 1944, leaving for Cricqueville to join its two sister squadrons. 50FG left the next day for Méautis airfield.

Structure

Part of
  • 50th Fighter Group

    50th Fighter Group

    Group
    Before the build-up to D-Day, the group were based in the United States as part of the Fighter School Command and the Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics. In spring 1944 though, like so many other fighter and bomb groups, the 50th Fighter Group...

Encompassing
Not yet known
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Lymington

Connections

People

  • Donald Angell

    Military | Second Lieutenant | fighter pilot | 50th Fighter Group
    DONALD A. ANGELL, Sr. 86, of The Villages, Florida passed away on January 18, 2008. He had been a resident of the Palm Beach Gardens area since 1968 after retiring from the US Air Force as a Major. He had resided at The Villages since September 2003....

  • William Fleming

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 50th Fighter Group
    Capt. William R. Fleming served with the 10th Fighter Squadron, flying Thunderbolts from Lymington (Stn 551). He was born on the 8th of August 1921 to William Richard Fleming senior and his wife Elizabeth (née Early). To differentiate father and son...

  • Edwin Johnston

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter pilot | 50th Fighter Group
    2nd Lt Edwin R. Johnston was a pilot of the 10th Fighter Squadron, flying Thunderbolts in the ETO. He was born on the 13th of August 1919 in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of Mark Graham Johnston and his wife Jessie (née Coogler) who were married in...

Aircraft

  • 42-8675

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred 351FS, 353FG 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 10FS, 50FG, 9AF. Failed to Return from a strafing mission to St Denis le Gast, France, A/C forced down unseen, when formation broke up to avoid eight strafing P-47's...

  • 42-76369

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-8594

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    On the 19th of April 1944, this aircraft flown by Capt. William Richard Fleming was involved in a mid-air collission with another P-47D flown by 2nd Lt. Edwin Rogers Johnston. Both aircraft crashed, Johnston bailed out, slightly hurt, Fleming was...

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
05 April 2018 03:17:30 McMike Changes to description
Sources

Updated

Date Contributor Update
05 April 2018 03:06:27 McMike Changes to description
Sources

Typo corrected

Date Contributor Update
05 April 2018 03:05:22 McMike Changes to description
Sources

http://www.forgottenairfields.com/france/lower-normandy/manche/carentan-...

Date Contributor Update
05 April 2018 03:02:05 McMike Changes to description
Sources

MW McKendry research

Date Contributor Update
05 April 2018 02:51:45 McMike Changes to type, description and aircraft types
Sources

Michael McKendry

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:47 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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