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94th Bomb Group

Group

Activated 15-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organisation and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29-Jun-1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28-Aug-42 to 31-Oct-42 than at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas from 1-Nov-42 until 2 Jan-1943. Final advanced training at Pueblo, Colorado, 3-Jan-3 to 30 -Mar-43. The air echelon began movement to Bassingbourn, UK on 1-Apr-1943 and the ground echelon left for Camp Kilmer, New Jersey on 17-Apr-43, then sailed on the Queen Elizabeth 5-May-1943. They arrived at Greenock on 11-May-1943.

The 94th Bomb Group flew 324 missions in 8,884 sorties from 13-May-1943 ro 21-Apr-1945 and dropped 18,924 tons of bomb while losing 153 aircraft MIA.

After VE Day the Group took part in 'Nickel' Project missions, dropping leaflets over former occupied territories and to displaced people in Germany. In November 1945 Forty Five aircraft returned to the US or transferred to other units, and the squadrons were inactivated. Remaining personnel left Bury St. Edmunds on the 11 December 1945.

The group inactivated Camp Kilmer on the 21 December 1945. Allotted to the US Air Force Reserve and established first as a light bomber group in 1949, and later as a carrier organisation flying C-119.

Commanding officers
  • Charles Dougher

    Military | Major General | Commander | 94th Bomb Group
    Colonel Charles B Daugher was the commander of the 94th BG from 17 April 1944 thru 15 March 1945. He retired as a Major General

  • Frederick Castle

    Military | Brigadier General | Commanding Officer; Air Leader, Pilot | 487th Bomb Group
    Commanding Officer of 94th Bomb Group at Bury St. Edmunds from 19-Jun-43 to 16-Apr-44. Overseas with General Eaker's staff to organize 8th AF, February 1942. ...

  • John Moore

    Military | Colonel | Commanding Officer | 94th Bomb Group
    First Commander of 94th Bomb Group at Bassingbourn, Earls Colne and Bury St. Edmunds from 15-Jun-42 to 22-Jun-43.

  • Nicholas Perkins

    Military | Colonel | Group commander | 487th Bomb Group
    Commanding Officer, 94th Bomb Group, Bury St. Edmunds 16-Mar-1945 to 3-Jun-45; Commanding Officer 487th Bomb Group, Lavenham 3-Jun-45 to 24-Aug-45.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 18

    9 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are the target of this mission conducted by a combined force of 33 B-17s from 91BG and 306BG together with a combined force of 14 B-24s from 44BG and 93BG. The B-24 formation bombs from altitudes between 17,500 ft...

  • VIII Bomber Command 55

    13 May 1943
    The large fighter sweeps of the last several weeks have not been successful in drawing any significant numbers of German fighters in opposition. So, if the German will not send his fighters up for a one-on-one confrontation with the American P-47s,...

  • VIII Bomber Command 56

    14 May 1943
    Today's operations will be the most extensive yet mounted by VIII Bomber Command. The operations call for a "maximum effort". Whereas in the past a single target or those close together have been chosen, today's effort is against widley separated...

  • VIII Bomber Command 57

    15 May 1943
    The missions of VIII Bomber Command are becoming more sophisticated. The primary stratgic target for today is the U-Boat pens, marshalling yards and Luftwaffe airfield at Emden, Germany. The resistance of Luftwaffe fighters is a primary concern for the...

  • VIII Bomber Command 58

    17 May 1943
    VIII Bomber Command launches another operation against German U-Boat facilities with three elements. The first element is a formation of 100 B-17s despatched from: 91BG (24); 92BG (10); 303BG (21); 305BG (21) and 306BG (24) to attack the German U-Boat...

  • VIII Bomber Command 59

    19 May 1943
    The German naval bases at Kiel and Flensburg, Germany are the two primary targets for this mission. A force of 123 B-17s is despatched from: 91BG (19); 92BG (10); 303BG (27); 305BG (22); 306BG (24) and 351BG (21) to bomb the naval facilities at Kiel,...

  • VIII Bomber Command 60

    21 May 1943
    The German naval and port facilities at Wilhelmshaven and Emden, Germany are the two primary targets for this mission. Once again, there is a two-fold strategic objective: entice the Luftwaffe to commit its fighter forces; and further degrade the naval...

  • VIII Bomber Command 61

    29 May 1943
    Three primary targets are selected for this mission. The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are selected as the target for a force of 169 B-17s despatched from: 91BG (23); 92BG (22), 303BG (30); 305BG (25) 306BG (24); 351BG (21) and 379BG (24). This is...

  • VIII Bomber Command 62

    11 June 1943
    The harbour facilities, port areas and U-Boat pens at Wilhelmshaven and Cuxhaven, Germany are the primary targets for this mission. This is the largest number of heavy bombers yet despatched on a single mission - 252. This is the first mission flown...

  • VIII Bomber Command 63

    13 June 1943
    German naval facilities and port areas at Bremen, Germany and Kiel, Germany are the primary targets for this mission. A formation of 151 B-17s despatched from: 91BG (21); 92BG (17); 303BG (27); 305BG (24); 306BG (28); 351BG (21); and 379BG (13) are to...

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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Bassingbourn April 1943 – 27 May 1943
Based Earls Colne 27 May 1943 – 15 June 1943
Based Bury St Edmunds 15 June 1943 – 12 December 1945

Connections

People

  • Asher Abel

    Military | Private | 94th Bomb Group

  • Julian Abel

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 26 November 1943 in B-17 #423185 'Queen Bee. ' Prisoner of War (POW) in Stalag 17B. POW

  • John Abt

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #4230425 'Rodger Dodge Her. ' Prisoner of War (POW).

  • Ivan Accola

    Military | Sergeant | 94th Bomb Group

  • Robert Achbach

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 94th Bomb Group

  • Bernard Adams

    Military | Private First Class | 94th Bomb Group

  • David Adams

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 20 April 1944 in B-17 #4231946 'Esky. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • James Adams

    Military | Private First Class | 94th Bomb Group

  • Kenneth Adams

    Military | 94th Bomb Group

  • Norman Adams

    Military | 94th Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 41-9017 Heidi Ho

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Boeing B-17E ...

  • 42-102380 Renovation

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned: 12 April 1944 - 8th AF / 3rd AD / 4th CBW / 94th BG / 331st BS - (RAF Bury St Edmunds) ...

  • 42-102456 Shady Lady, Gremlins Hotel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 4/3/44; Gr Island 22/3/44; Dow Fd 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG Rougham 8/4/44; 331BS [QE-T]; Salvaged 11/10/44. SHADY LADY.

  • 42-102457 Filthy Hag, Gloria

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/3/44; Kearney 22/3/44; Dow Field 4 March 1944; Assigned 410BS/94BG [GL-R] Rougham 6 April 1944. Nicknamed "FILTHY HAG". Was hit by Flak at an altitude of 23,000 feet on the 22 April 1944 mission to Hamm, Germany. It caught fire, 2...

  • 42-102520

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 10/3/44; Gr Island 31/3/44; Grenier 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG [TS- ] Rougham 8/4/44; 332BS [XM- ] ; Missing in Action Berlin 29/4/44 with Joe McClurkin, Navigator: Chas Dulin, Bombardier: Clarry Meekin, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-102523 Mission Belle

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/3/44; Kearney 27/3/44; Dow Fd 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG [TS-H] Rougham 8/4/44; 331BS [QE-H]; transferred 34BG Mendlesham 5/45; Returned to the USA Bradley 21/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 23/6/45; Reconstruction...

  • 42-102577 Bouncin' Annie

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/3/44; Kearney 1/4/44; Grenier 1/4/44; Assigned 331BS/94BG [QE-O] Rougham 10/4/44; Missing in Action Merseburg 2/11/44 with Wesley Peterson, Edwin Rieser, Roland Slay (3 Prisoner of War); Nubar Garabodian, Joe Butcher, John Padget,...

  • 42-102583 Fortress McHenry

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/3/44; Kearney 1/4/44; Dow Fd 8/4/44; Assigned 332BS/94BG [XM-C] Rougham 10/4/44; 102m Returned to the USA Bradley 21/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 25/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in...

  • 42-102584 Bottled in Bond

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/3/44; Gr Island 1/4/44; Grenier 7/4/44; Assigned 332BS/94BG [XM- ] Rougham 8/4/44; Missing in Action Brux 12/5/44 with Tom Williams, Co-pilot: Edwin Waite, Navigator: Joe Davis, Bombardier: Lew Ranck, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-102605 Kismet

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 18/3/44; Hunter 14/4/44; Dow Fd 29/4/44; Assigned 331BS/94BG [QE-X] Rougham 1/5/44; Missing in Action battle support area, Fr 13/8/44 with Joe Griffith, Ball turret gunner: Pvt Bill Lappanan, Waist gunner: Jack Kassick (3 evaded...

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation: Regensburg 17-Aug-1943
Distinguished Unit Citation: Brunswick 11-Jan-1944.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 April 2016 22:16:22 WD-C Mustang Changes to description and mission associations
Sources

Fixed typo

Date Contributor Update
17 April 2015 20:45:44 EMBLEMHUNTER Changes to mission associations and media associations
Sources

found online

Date Contributor Update
17 April 2015 17:13:13 EMBLEMHUNTER Changes to mission associations and media associations
Sources

found online

Date Contributor Update
20 February 2015 21:35:48 Lee8thbuff Changes to description and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 20-Feb-2015. Corrected typos in Description.

Date Contributor Update
20 February 2015 21:33:35 Lee8thbuff Changes to citations, description, person associations, commanding officers associations, mission associations and stations
Sources

Le Cunningham 20-Feb-2015. Added Commanding Officers and Biography information per USAAF. com website: http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/94bg.HTM; made connections to Places within existing website data.

Date Contributor Update
14 February 2015 13:51:09 mustangman Changes to mission associations
Sources

from 8th airforce web site

Date Contributor Update
14 February 2015 13:51:02 mustangman Changes to type, motto, aircraft types and mission associations
Sources

from 8th airforce web site

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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