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55th Fighter Group

Group

The 55th Fighter Group were the first P-38 Lightning Group to go fully operational from England. The pilots flew long-range escort missions for bombers flying over occupied Europe and racked up 'kills' of their own by destroying enemy aircraft in aerial combat or by strafing them on the ground. After converting to the P-51 Mustang in July 1944, the Group went on to win two Distinguished Unit Citations. The first was awarded for the destruction of 106 enemy aircraft over eight missions between 3-13 September 1944 and the second was awarded for ground strafing achievements on targets in Germany on 19 February 1945.

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Missions

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-158 PRACTICE FIGHTER SWEEP

    15 October 1943
    55FG despatches and unknown number of P-38s on a practice sweep with a formation of B-24s. No other details are provided in the source data. There are no losses or claims.

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-157 FIGHTER SWEEPS

    15 October 1943
    This mission is composed of two fighter elements. The first element is a formation of 36 P-38s despatched from 55FG to fly fighter sweeps over the Dutch Islands. This is the first mission for 55 FG and the first to use the P-38 "Lightning" from England...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-159 FIGHTER SWEEPS

    16 October 1943
    This mission is composed of two elements. The first element is a force of 39 P-38s despatched to fly fighter sweeps over the Dutch islands. There are no losses or claims. ...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-161 FIGHTER SWEEPS

    17 October 1943
    This mission consisted of two fighter elements. This first element was a force of 35 P38s despatched from 55FG to fly fighter sweeps over Northern Feance. There are no losses or claims. ...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-162 BOMBER ESCORT

    18 October 1943
    This mission was composed of two fighter elements. The first element was a force of 33 P-38s from 55FG despatched to accompany bomber formations headed for Duren, Germany. Weather conditions prevented rendevous with the bomber stream and both the...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-163 BOMBER ESCORT.

    20 October 1943
    This mission was composed of two fighter elements. The first element was a force of 39 P-38s from 55FG despatched to escort B-17 formations attacking at Duren, Germany. There wer no losses or claims. ...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-165 BOMBER ESCORT

    22 October 1943
    This mission was composed of two fighter elements. The first element was a force of 45 P-38s from 55FG despatched to provide escort to B-26s of 9th Air Force. 1 aircraft was damaged. There are no losses or claims. ...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-166

    24 October 1943
    This missionis composed of two fighter elements. The first element is a force of 48 P-38s from 55FG despatched to provide escort for a formation of B-26 bombers from 9th Air Force. There are no losses or claims. ...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-168 BOMBER ESCORT

    3 November 1943
    This mission is composed of two fighter elements. The first element is a force of 45 P-38s from 55FG despatched to provide escort, to and from the target, of B-17 bomber formations attacking at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. There are NO losses and the...

  • VIII Fighter Command FO-170 BOMBER ESCORT

    5 November 1943
    THis mission is composed of two fighter elements. The forst element is a force of 47 P-38s from 55FG despatched to provide escort to the B-17 formations attacking at Gelsenkirchen. While not as nimble as the German fighters, the four .50cal nose...

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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Nuthampstead 16 September 1943 – 16 April 1944
Based Wormingford 16 April 1944 – 21 July 1945

Connections

People

  • Arnold Abalos

    Military | Technical Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • Richard Abel

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 55th Fighter Group
    Assigned 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort to Munich. Last seen whilst strafing enemy aircraft in P-51D 'Jills Jalopy VII' 44-64159 near Zorneaing. Pilot 2nd Lt Richard K Abel Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 13950. ...

  • Walter Achramowicz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Walter Achramowicz also went on to serve in the Korean War. He retired from the US Air Force in 1964 with the...

  • Archie Adams

    Military | Master Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • Donald Adams

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. 2 x missions. Credited with 2 destroyed and 2 damaged (ground). ...

  • Elmer Adams

    Military | Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • Ermine Adams

    Military | Private First Class | 55th Fighter Group

  • Richard Adams

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • Richard Adams

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • James Addleman

    Military | Private First Class | 55th Fighter Group

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Aircraft

  • 42-103507

    P-51 Mustang

  • 42-104250

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-104280

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-104284

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-104396

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-66719

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38H-1-LO 42-66719 was assigned to the 55FG/38FS at Nuthampstead, UK. On 18-Oct-43 the aircraft, piloted by 2LT Hugh E. Gillette, was deaptched with 32 others on a mission to escort bombers headed for Duren, Germany. Weather conditions made it...

  • 42-66724 Miss Margaret

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38H-1-LO 42-66724 was assigned to 55FG/338 FS at Nuthampstead, UK. On 13-Nov-43 the airfcraft, piloted by 2LT Robert N. Jensen, was despatched with others of the 55FG to provide escort to B-17s attacking at Bremen, Germany. On the penetration his...

  • 42-66727

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38H-5-LO 42-66727 was assigned to the 55FG/338FS at Nuthampstead, UK. On 13-Nov-43 the aircraft, piloted by 2LT William W. Shank, was despatched along with other of the 55Fg to provide escort to B-17 formations attacking at Bremen, Germany. His...

  • 42-66732

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38H-5-LO 42-66732 was assigned to the 55FG/338FS at Nuthampstead, UK. On 13-No-43 the aircraft, piloted by 2LT William C. Florentine, Jr. was despatched along with other P-38s from the 55FG to escort B-17 bombers attacking at Bremen, Germany. The...

  • 42-67020

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38H-5-LO 42-67020 was assigned to the 55FG/38FS at Nuthampstead, UK. On 29-Nov-43 the aircraft, piloted by MAJ Milton Joel (Commanding Officer of 38FS), was despatched with other P-38s of 55FG to provide escort for bombers attacking at Bremen,...

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
26 February 2015 15:19:50 rossingtonj Changes to mission associations
Sources

Key image chosen

Date Contributor Update
26 February 2015 15:16:15 rossingtonj Changes to type, aircraft types, mission associations and stations
Sources

http://www.littlefriends.co.uk/55thfg.php?action=list_records&recs=50&so...

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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