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493rd Bomb Group

Group

The 493rd Bomb Group were the last Eighth Air Force Group to become operational, flying their first combat mission from Debach, Suffolk, on D-Day, 6 June 1944. The Group was known as "the Fighting 493rd", named by their Commanding Officer Colonel Elbert Helton, who held the post for over a year. The Group flew 161 bombing missions, their targets a range of strategic ones in Germany and tactical ones in northern France, Holland and along the Rhine. In additional the crews flew six food missions in May 1945, dropping over 400 tonnes of food into newly-liberated parts of Europe.

Structure

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Missions

  • 412

    14 June 1944
    Mission #10. Bombed an airfield south of Brussels. Bob Martin flew in place of Hussong.

  • 426

    20 June 1944

  • 8th Air Force 554

    15 August 1944
    Airfields in NW Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium are the primary targets for this mission. 8th Air Force despatches a total of 932 aircraft. The raid is coordinated with 1,000 Royal Air Force (RAF) heavy bombers and Mosquitos attacking 9 airfields...

  • 8th Air Force 556

    16 August 1944
    Aircraft factories and oil refineries are the primary targets for this mission. A total of 1090 heavy bombers are despatched. See Mission Details for particulars. ...

  • 8th Air Force 556

    16 August 1944
    Aircraft factories and oil refineries are the primary targets for this mission. A total of 1090 heavy bombers are despatched. See Mission Details for particulars. ...

  • 8th Air Force 760

    24 December 1944
    1. Decision. ...

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Debach April 1944 – 6 August 1945

Connections

People

  • Louis Abbamonte

    Military | Sergeant | Radio Operator | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Brian Abbott

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 493rd Bomb Group

  • John Abbott

    Military | Corporal | Clerk-Typist | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Edward Abdulla

    Military | Sergeant | Radio Operator | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Jessie Abell

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Norman Abercrombie

    Military | Lieutenant | Navigator | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Leroy Abeyti

    Military | Sergeant | Duty Non-Commissioned Officer | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Dale Abraham

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Assistant Top Secret control Officer | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Stanley Abraham

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 493rd Bomb Group

  • Marvin Ackerman

    Military | Lieutenant | Squadron Engineering Officer | 493rd Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 41-29473 Bolicat

    B-24 Liberator
    Originally assigned to 490th Bomb Group, 851st Bomb Sqdn

  • 42-50442

    B-24 Liberator
    Crashed on Mission 554 of 15 August 1944. Target : Florennes / Jusaine airfield, Belgium

  • 42-52750

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down by Flak on the 14 June 1944 mission to Laon, France. Crashed near Steene (Nord Department), France. Pilot : Orville H. Brewer Jr; Co-Pilot Lothrop Caldwell; Navigator Wilfred N. Hansen; Bombardier Coleman C. Duncan; Radio Operator/Gunner...

  • 42-52759

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94745

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94789

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94812 Little Warrior

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94927

    B-24 Liberator

  • 43-38098

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 25/6/44; Kearney 16/7/44; Grenier 3/8/44; Assigned 863BS/493BG [G6-L] Debach 4/8/44; Missing in Action Magdeburg 12/9/44 with Jim Kittleson, Co-pilot: Homer Duncan, Navigator: Max Kettef, Ball turret gunner: Bill Lamkin (4 Prisoner...

  • 43-38107

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/6/44; Hunter 21/7/44; Dow Fd 3/8/44; Assigned 861BS/493BG Debach 4/8/44; Missing in Action Osnabruck 21/11/44 with Llewellyn Baxter, Dick Edgar, Bill Cox, Dick Sipes, Bill Massey, Bill Jenkins, Merle Aderbach, Herman Schroeder (8...

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
31 July 2016 22:45:45 Darren Jelley Changes to description
Sources

The 493rd BG was never called Helton's Hellcats. the Official name was "the Fighting 493rd"
the Hellcats were the American Football team made up from 493rd BG personnel.

the Group flew 161 combat missions, and not 152 as listed.

D Jelley
493rd BG Archives

Date Contributor Update
29 May 2015 06:54:23 Robin Changes to mission associations and media associations
Sources

Robin Deutsch

Date Contributor Update
13 March 2015 15:28:14 rossingtonj Changes to type and mission associations
Sources

Type added.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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