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456th Bomb Group

Group

Constituted as 456th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 May 1943. Activated on 1 Jun 1943. Trained with B-24's for duty overseas. Moved to Italy, Dec 1943-Jan 1944. Began combat with Fifteenth AF in Feb 1944, operating chiefly against strategic targets until late in Apr 1945. Early operations included attacks against such objectives as marshalling yards, aircraft factories, railroad bridges, and airdromes in Italy, Austria, and Rumania. Received a DUC for performance at Wiener Neustadt on 10 May 1944: when other groups turned back because of adverse weather, the 456th proceeded to the target and, withstanding repeated attacks by enemy interceptors, bombed the manufacturing center. Helped to prepare the way for and supported the invasion of Southern France during Jul and Aug 1944. At the same time, expanded previous operations to include attacks on oil refineries and storage facilities, locomotive works, and viaducts in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, and the Balkans.
Received second DUC for a mission in Hungary on 2 Jul 1944 when the group braved severe fighter attacks and antiaircraft fire to bomb oil facilities at Budapest. In Apr 1945 bombed gun positions, bridges, roads, depots, and rail lines to support US Fifth and British Eighth Army in their advance through Italy. Transported supplies to airfields in northern Italy after V-E Day.

Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 1 Jul 1947. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
  • 744th Bomb Squadron

    744th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in January 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in Southern Italy. ...

  • 745th Bomb Squadron

    745th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

  • 746th Bomb Squadron

    746th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

  • 747th Bomb Squadron

    747th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Stornara January 1944 – July 1945

Connections

People

  • Paul Bickford

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Aerial Gunner | 456th Bomb Group
    S SGT Paul T. Hickman was born March 21, 1925 In Lake Placid, NY and died November 5, 1944. S SGT Hickman was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a aerial gunner on a B-24 Liberator bomber. S SGT...

  • Jack Bonifield

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 456th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest with Ed Jones crew 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, baled out. Prisoner of War (POW) MACR 6439 ...

  • Ferrel Daniel

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 456th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest with Ed Jones crew 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, baled out. Prisoner of War (POW) MACR 6439 ...

  • John Eidson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 456th Bomb Group

  • Benjamin Grant

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 456th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest with Ed Jones crew 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, baled out. Prisoner of War (POW) MACR 6439 ...

  • Edward Jones

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 456th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, A/C exploded. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 6439 ...

  • James Krispinsky

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot - B-24 | 456th Bomb Group
    Jimmy was born in 1919 and enlisted in 1942/43. He trained at Muroc and finished at Gowen Field in Utah. His unit shared a few B-24D models with 8-10pp per sortie due to lack of flying aircraft. He was in the original formation of 456th BG. After...

  • Henry Kuprewicz

    Military | Technical Sergeant | 456th Bomb Group
    T SGT Henry A. Kuprewicz was born December 6, 1924 in Chicago, IL and died November 5, 1944. T SGT Kuprewicz was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a crew member on a B-24 Liberator bomber. T SGT...

  • Robert Lamphier

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 456th Bomb Group
    S SGT Robert M. Lamphier was born 1920 in Middlesex, MA and died November 5, 1944. S SGT Lamphier was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a crew member on a B-24 Liberator bomber. S SGT Lamphier's...

  • Harry McKeown

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 456th Bomb Group
    LT COL McKeown was born September 20, 1919 in South Carolina and died October 9, 2010 in Fort Worth, TX.

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Aircraft

  • 44-41159

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24J 44-41159 of the 782nd BS, 465th BG, 15th AF was lost 31 January 1945 on a mission to Moosbierbaum, Austria. 2nd Lt John P Frantz & his crew parachuted to become POWs for the duration (MACR 12112).

  • 41-28912

    B-24 Liberator
    Was shot by down by flak over Mitrovica, Yugoslavia on November 9, 1944.

  • 42-51678 Miss Laid

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down 11-Dec-1944 on bombing mission from Stornara Airfield, Italy, target Vienna S.E. Goods Yard, Vienna Austria. All 10 crew members survived and were imprisoned in Stalag Luft I, near Barth, Germany.

  • 42-51077 'Emperor Jones'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest with Ed Jones crew 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, was notified that there were several crew members...

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation - 10 May 1944 - Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Distinguished Unit Citation - 2 July 1944 - Budapest, Hungary

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 November 2016 23:42:52 466thHistorian Changes to media associations
Sources

Chris Brassfield

Date Contributor Update
07 November 2016 23:13:52 466thHistorian Changes to type, nicknames, citations, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and stations
Sources

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/456th_Bombardment_Group

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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