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456th Bomb Group

Group

Constituted as 456th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 May 1943. Activated on 1 Jun 1943. Trained with B-24's for duty overseas. Moved to Italy, Dec 1943-Jan 1944. Began combat with Fifteenth AF in Feb 1944, operating chiefly against strategic targets until late in Apr 1945. Early operations included attacks against such objectives as marshalling yards, aircraft factories, railroad bridges, and airdromes in Italy, Austria, and Rumania. Received a DUC for performance at Wiener Neustadt on 10 May 1944: when other groups turned back because of adverse weather, the 456th proceeded to the target and, withstanding repeated attacks by enemy interceptors, bombed the manufacturing center. Helped to prepare the way for and supported the invasion of Southern France during Jul and Aug 1944. At the same time, expanded previous operations to include attacks on oil refineries and storage facilities, locomotive works, and viaducts in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, and the Balkans.
Received second DUC for a mission in Hungary on 2 Jul 1944 when the group braved severe fighter attacks and antiaircraft fire to bomb oil facilities at Budapest. In Apr 1945 bombed gun positions, bridges, roads, depots, and rail lines to support US Fifth and British Eighth Army in their advance through Italy. Transported supplies to airfields in northern Italy after V-E Day.

Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 1 Jul 1947. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
  • 744th Bomb Squadron

    744th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in January 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in Southern Italy. ...

  • 745th Bomb Squadron

    745th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

  • 746th Bomb Squadron

    746th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

  • 747th Bomb Squadron

    747th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in mid-1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), being assigned to Southern Italy at Stornara Airfield under Fifteenth Air Force. ...

Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Stornara Airfield January 1944 – July 1945

Connections

People

  • Henry Kuprewicz

    Military | Technical Sergeant | 456th Bomb Group
    T SGT Henry A. Kuprewicz was born December 6, 1924 in Chicago, IL and died November 5, 1944. T SGT Kuprewicz was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a crew member on a B-24 Liberator bomber. T SGT...

  • Robert Lamphier

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 456th Bomb Group
    S SGT Robert M. Lamphier was born 1920 in Middlesex, MA and died November 5, 1944. S SGT Lamphier was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a crew member on a B-24 Liberator bomber. S SGT Lamphier's...

  • Harry McKeown

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 456th Bomb Group
    LT COL McKeown was born September 20, 1919 in South Carolina and died October 9, 2010 in Fort Worth, TX.

  • Ralph Phillips

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 456th Bomb Group
    Roy was born on December 13, 1911 in South Beloit, IL., to Henry Lewis Phillips and Nellie Alice (Hamel) Phillips-Bumsted. Roy's parents divorced in May 1914 and Roy's mother moved Roy and his sister Mildred to Omaha, NE where he grew up and later...

  • Claude Sylvester

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 456th Bomb Group
    S SGT Claude Sylvester was born 1925 in Fort Fairfield, ME and died Novemebr 5, 1944. S SGT Sylvester was assigned to the 15th Air Force, 746th Bomber Squadron, 456th Bomber Group (Heavy), he was a crew member on a B-24 Liberator bomber. S SGT...

Aircraft

  • 44-41159

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24J 44-41159 of the 782nd BS, 465th BG, 15th AF was lost 31 January 1945 on a mission to Moosbierbaum, Austria. 2nd Lt John P Frantz & his crew parachuted to become POWs for the duration (MACR 12112).

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation - 10 May 1944 - Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Distinguished Unit Citation - 2 July 1944 - Budapest, Hungary

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 November 2016 23:42:52 466thHistorian Changes to media associations
Sources

Chris Brassfield

Date Contributor Update
07 November 2016 23:13:52 466thHistorian Changes to type, nicknames, citations, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and stations
Sources

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/456th_Bombardment_Group

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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