Constitued as 8th Pursuit Wind on 19 Oct 1940. Activated on 6 Nov 1940. Inactivated on 1 Nov 1941. Redesignated 8th Fighter Wing. Activated on 24 Jul 1942. Moved to Egypt, Oct-Dec 1942, and served with Ninth Air Force in the Middle East and North Africa. Redesignated 57th Bombardment Wing in April 1943. Assigned to Twelfth AF in Aug 1942 and continued operations in the Mediterranean theatre until the end of the war. Inactivated in Italy on 12 Sep 1945.