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United States Army Forces in the British Isles

Command

General James E Chaney had been posted to the UK to act as a Special Observer during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz, he also oversaw preparations for the possible establishment and employment of US Ground and Air Forces in the UK in 1941.

The Special Army Observation Group (SPOBS), led by Chaney, became United States Army Forces in the British Isles (USAFBI) on 8 January 1942. Chaney was appointed Commanding General.

USAFBI became the command organization for potential US Forces in the UK, and also brought in MAGNET (US Forces for Northern Ireland) under the command of Major General Edmund Leo Daley.

General Ira Eaker joined USAFBI in February 1942, following the establishment of VII Bomber Command. He was instructed to proceed to RAF Bomber Command Headquarters to study bombing operations, and to make recommendations of certain airfields and submit plans for reception and assignment of Army Air Force Units.

In April 1942 the War Department determined that the Eighth Air Force would be established in the UK under the command of USAFBI. Following a recommendation by General Spaatz that the Eighth Air Force, which had been slated for service in North Africa, could be assigned there.

On 8 June 1942, the US War Department established ETOUSA in the place of USAFBI. Its mission was to conduct planning for the eventual retaking of Europe and to exercise administrative and operational control over US Forces.

Commanding officers
  • James Chaney

    Military | Major General | Special Army Observer, Theatre Commander
    James E Chaney was a Military Officer he served with the Army until 1917, when he was detailed to the US Air Service to act as Chief of Air Service for the American Expeditionary Force during the First World War. ...

Structure

Part of
Not yet known
Encompassing
Previously was
  • Special Army Observers Group

    Special Army Observers Group


    Major General James E Chaney, an Army Air Corps officer, arrived in the United Kingdom on 18 May 1941 and established , Headquarters, Special Observer Group (SPOBS) on the following day in London. ...

Became

Stations

Station Location Date
Established London 8 January 1942

Connections

People

  • James Chaney

    Military | Major General | Special Army Observer, Theatre Commander
    James E Chaney was a Military Officer he served with the Army until 1917, when he was detailed to the US Air Service to act as Chief of Air Service for the American Expeditionary Force during the First World War. ...

  • Ira Eaker

    Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    Commanding General of 8th AF 1 December 1942 to 5 January 1944. Following that, Eaker was given command of all Allied air forces in the MTO, and in April 1945 became Deputy CG of the USAAF. Retired July 1947. ...

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
13 August 2019 14:21:51 Emily Created entry with type, name, nicknames, description, unit previously was association, person associations and commanding officers associations
Sources

Craven and Cate, The Army Air Forces in World War II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Theater_of_Operations,_United_Sta...

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