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65th Fighter Squadron

Squadron

Formed as a P-40 Warhawk pursuit squadron in January 1941 as part of the Army Air Corps Northeast Defense Sector (later I Fighter Command) at Mitchel Field, New York. Trained in New England and provided air defense of the northeast after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

P-40 Warhawk fighters of the 65th Fighter Squadron in North Africa, 1943.
Was reassigned to the U.S. Army Middle East Force in Egypt, July 1942, becoming part of IX Fighter Command. Took part in the British Western Desert Campaign, engaged in combat during the Battle of El Alamein and, as part of Ninth Air Force, supported the Commonwealth Eighth Army's drive across Egypt and Libya, escorting bombers and flying strafing and dive-bombing missions against airfields, communications, and troop concentrations until Axis defeat in Tunisia in May 1943. The unit participated in the reduction of Pantelleria (May–June 1943) and the conquest of Sicily (July–August 1943).

The squadron supported the British Eighth Army's landing at Termoli and subsequent operations in Italy, being reassigned to Twelfth Air Force in August 1943. It flew dive-bombing, strafing, patrol, and escort missions.

In 1944, converted to Republic P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft and flew interdiction operations in Italy. They moved to Corsica on 30 March 1944 to operate as a separate task force. It flew interdiction missions against railroads, communication targets, and motor vehicles behind enemy lines, providing a minimum of 48 fighter-bomber sorties per day.

Participated in the French campaign against Elba in June 1944 and in the invasion of Southern France in August. It engaged in interdiction and support operations in northern Italy from September 1944 to May 1945.

The 65th flew its last combat mission on 2 May 1945. Remained in northern Italy after the end of the European War, demobilizing throughout the summer of 1945. It was reassigned to the United States in August 1945 without personnel or equipment and was inactivated at the end of August.

Commanding officers
  • Edward Ellington

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot - Squadron Commander | 57th Fighter Group

  • Gilbert Wymond

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot 1055 single engine/Squadron Commander | 57th Fighter Group
    Gil Wymond was born on September 23, 1919, in Louisville, Kentucky. After attending the University of Kentucky for two years, he enlisted in the Aviation Cadet Program of the U.S. Army Air Corps on April 25, 1941, and was commissioned a 2d Lt and...

Structure

Part of
  • 57th Fighter Group

    57th Fighter Group

    Group
    The group was first activated as the 57th Pursuit Group in January 1941, flying P-40 Warhawks as part of the Army Air Corps Northeast Defense Sector (later assigned to the I Fighter Command) at Mitchel Field, New York.[3] It trained in New England and...

Encompassing
Not yet known
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
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Connections

People

  • William Bateman

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 57th Fighter Group

  • Marshall Cordell

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Ground Crew Mechanic | 57th Fighter Group

  • Edward Ellington

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot - Squadron Commander | 57th Fighter Group

  • James Hare

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot - Assistant Group Operations Officer | 57th Fighter Group

  • Howard Hickok

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 57th Fighter Group

  • Stanley Lancaster

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 57th Fighter Group

  • Francis Manda

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 57th Fighter Group

  • Marshall Sneed

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot - Flight Commander | 57th Fighter Group

  • Alfred Solomon

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Ground Crew Chief | 57th Fighter Group

  • Roy Whittaker

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 57th Fighter Group

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Aircraft

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
18 December 2016 03:28:52 466thHistorian Changes to commanding officers associations
Sources

http://www.veterantributes.org/TributeDetail.php?recordID=1875

Date Contributor Update
17 December 2016 03:51:16 466thHistorian Changes to commanding officers associations
Sources

http://57thfightergroup.org/personnel.html

Date Contributor Update
13 December 2016 04:51:23 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and media associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/65th_Aggressor_Squadron

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