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484th Bomb Group

Group

The 484th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was constituted on 14 September 1943 as a Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment group and activated on 20 September at Harvard Army Air Field, Nebraska. Its original squadrons were the newly activated 824th,[2] 825th,[3] and 826th Bombardment Squadrons[3] and the 827th Bombardment Squadron,[4] which moved to Harvard AAF after two years of anti-submarine warfare experience on the east coast of the United States[5]

The group completed training at Harvard AAF in February 1944 and then deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in Southern Italy. It departed the United States in early March and arrived in April at Torretto Airfield, Italy, where it was assigned to Fifteenth Air Force. The group was redesignated 484th Bombardment Group (Pathfinder) in May 1944 but did not perform pathfinder functions. It became the 484th Bombardment Group, Heavy again in November 1944 and operated primarily as a strategic bombardment organization, April 1944 – April 1945. The 484th attacked such targets as oil refineries, oil storage plants, aircraft factories, heavy industry, and communications in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, and Yugoslavia.[5]

On 13 June 1944 a heavy smoke screen prevented the group from bombing railroad marshalling yards at Munich; however, in spite of severe damage to its aircraft from flak and interceptor aircraft, and despite heavy gunfire encountered at the alternate target the group bombed the marshalling yards at Innsbruck and received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for its persistent action.[5] The 484th received a second DUC for its performance on 22 August 1944 when, unescorted, the organization fought its way through intense opposition to attack underground oil storage installations in Vienna, Austria.[5]

In addition to strategic missions, the 484th participated in the drive toward Rome by bombing bridges, supply dumps, viaducts, and marshalling yards in April through June 1944. It also ferried gasoline and oil to Allied forces in southern France in September 1944 and supported the final advance by Fifth Army through northern Italy in April 1945.[5]

After V-E Day, was assigned to Green Project which was the movement of troops from Europe to the United States via the South Atlantic Transport Route. B-24s were modified with sealed bomb bays, removal of all defensive armament and internal fuselage equipped with seating to carry approximately 30 personnel.[citation needed] It was assigned to Air Transport Command at Casablanca Airfield, French Morocco.[5] The group moved personnel from staging areas in France and Italy to Casablanca and also south to Dakar in French West Africa where personnel were transported across the South Atlantic to Brazil and eventually to Morrison Field, Florida.[citation needed] Provided air transport until the end of July when the unit was inactivated.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
  • 824th Bomb Squadron

    824th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in late 1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomber squadron, it trained under the Second Air Force. It deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in April 1944, being assigned to the Fifteenth Air Force in Southern Italy. ...

  • 825th Bomb Squadron

    825th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in late 1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in April 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in Southern Italy. ...

  • 826th Bomb Squadron

    826th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in late 1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron; trained under Second Air Force. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in April 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in Southern Italy. ...

  • 827th Bomb Squadron

    827th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Activated as the 41st Bombardment Squadron in January 1941 at Langley Field, Virginia,[1] one of the original squadrons of the 13th Bombardment Group.[2] ...

Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Torretta 9 April 1944 – 25 May 1945

Connections

People

  • Robert Richmond

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Tail Gunner | 484th Bomb Group
    42-50528 (825th BS, 484th BG, 15th AF, based at Torretto airfield, Foggia, Italy) Shot down Feb 21, 1945 by AAA and crashed near Pecs, Hungary while on mission to marshalling yards at Vienna, Austria. All 11 crew bailed out, one died of his wounds, one...

  • Floyd Walden

    Military | Captain | Bombardier / Navigator | 491st Bomb Group
    Floyd Walden Jr. was in the 491st BG, while his only brother James B. Walden was in the 306th BG.

Aircraft

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation - 13 June 1944 - Munich, Germany
Distinguished Unit Citation - 22 August 1944 - Vienna, Austria

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 November 2016 04:03:00 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, citations, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations, stations and media associations
Sources

http://www.armyaircorpsmuseum.org/484th_Bombardment_Group.cfm

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