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389th Bomb Group

Group

The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943 and 25 August 1943 and at Massicault, Tunisia, between 19 September 1943 and 3 October 1943. During this period, the detachment carried out bombing raids over Crete, Sicily, Italy, Austria and Romania. The Group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for Poesti oil fields mission on 1 August 1943.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B24Ds that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57...

  • VIII Bomber Command 91

    6 September 1943
    This mission was planned as massive attack of 338 B-17s on the industrial areas of Stuttgart, Germany and would be supported by a formation of 69 B-24s flying a diversion. This would be the first actionfrom the UK for the B-24 Groups that had recently...

  • VIII Bomber Command 92

    7 September 1943
    Two German airfields, one at Brussels, Begium and the other at Bergen, Holland, and the V-Weapons sites around Watten, France are the primary targets for this mission. ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 94 OPERATION STARKEY

    9 September 1943
    This mission has been named OPERATION STARKEY. It is planned as a coordinated attack of mulitple bomber elements upon multiple targets and incorporates fighter escort as a rehersal of what may be required to support an invasion of the Continent. It is...

  • VIII Bomber Command 94 OPERATION STARKEY

    9 September 1943
    This mission has been named OPERATION STARKEY. It is planned as a coordinated attack of mulitple bomber elements upon multiple targets and incorporates fighter escort as a rehersal of what may be required to support an invasion of the Continent. It is...

  • VIII Bomber Command 95

    15 September 1943
    This mission is composed of three elements. The first element is a formation of 93 B-17s from: (1BG (19); 305BG (18); 306BG (18); 351BG (19); and 381BG (19) despatched to bomb the German air deport at Romilly-sur-Seine, France. 87 aircraft are...

  • VIII Bomber Command 111

    8 October 1943
    The shipyards and industrial areas of Bremen, Germany are the primary targets for this mission, but cloud cover causes some formations to bomb targets of opportunity. The attacking elements have been summarized below: ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 113

    9 October 1943
    This mission is composed of 6 elements. The first element is a combined force of 115 B-17s from: 303BG (20); 379BG (20); 384BG (21); 351BG (21); 91BG 16; and 381BG (16) despatched to bomb the industrial areas of Anklam, Germany. 106 aircraft are...

  • VIII Bomber Command 114

    10 October 1943
    This mission was indended to be a massive attack of 307 B-17s on the railroad failities and waterway (canals) at Munster, Germany. This attack was to be supported by a diversion 39 B-24s. The formation was attacked by hundreds of German fighters which...

  • VIII Bomber Command 116

    20 October 1943
    The primary target for this mission is the industrial areas of Duren, Germany. The mission is composed of three elements. The first element is a combined formation of 103 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that includes: 91BG (3); 92BG (14); 303BG (19);...

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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Hethel 11 June 1943 – 30 May 1945
Commemorated at 389th Bomb Group Memorial Exhibition, Hethel

Connections

People

  • Tzolag Aaronian

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 389th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) at Krefeld in B-24 Win, My Little Lady #4295088. The 9 man crew bailed at around 2200 feet altitude over Sevelen, Germany while trying to reach allied lines around 15 miles NW of Krefeld. 8 of the crew were captured. Tzolag was...

  • George Abood

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down by flak and crashed near Marigny on 7/25/44 in B-24 #4295026

  • Arthur Acevedo

    Military | Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near Orleans, FR on 7 January 1944 in B-24D #42-63977 'Los Angeles City Limits. ' Killed in Action (KIA). AM, PH

  • Joseph Ackerson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed at Teltow on 6/21/44 in B-24 'Nuff Sed' # 42109794 Killed in Action (KIA)

  • Joseph Acton

    Military | Sergeant | 389th Bomb Group

  • Samuel Acuff

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 389th Bomb Group

  • Chester Adamczak

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 389th Bomb Group

  • Bruce Adams

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 389th Bomb Group
    35 missions July 2, 1944 accident on runway in B24 #42-50378. 10 RTD. Rowbottom crew. DFC/ AM w/ 3 Oak Leaf Cluster

  • Paul Adams

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator, Radio Operator Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    After bombs away on a mission to Friedrichshafen, GR on 16 Mar 1944, B-24J #42-100332 'Galloping Katie' was forced to feather and engine and losing altitude and landed in Switzerland. Interned.

  • Virgil Adams

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 389th Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 41-28589

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 566BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Bremen, A/C severely hit by flak crew baled out 20-Dec-43. 10 x POW. MACR 1972.

  • 41-28676

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Berlin. Attacked by 15 E/A over Bremen on return journey. Lost about 10ft of port wing with both port engines knocked out and a fire started in the bomb bay, crew baled out, with...

  • 41-28713 No known nickname

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 Serial 41-28713 of 389th Bomber Group / 564th Bomber Squadron, short on fuel on return from the mission of 11 July 1944 to the Munich marshalling yards. The plane exploded and crashed near Noyelles-lès-Seclin, about 5km southwest of Lille, France ...

  • 41-28715

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Bohlen. Hit by flak over target, #4 engine afire, ship dropped out of formation then set upon by 7 x Fw190's. Crew baled out. 13 x POW. MACR 5217.

  • 41-28763 '763'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. PFF A/C Leading 389BG. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Pforzheim hit by flak, crash landed Arras. 1-Apr-44. 3 x EVD, 8 x POW, 1 x KIA. MACR 3596.

  • 41-28764 None known

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Berlin, generator problems soon after take off compromised electrical system, on return leg noted fuel shortage, preparations for ditching carried out. Plane ditched in North Sea. 7...

  • 41-28778

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Ludwigshaven. Hit by flak just after bombs away, causing a fire in the bomb bay and taking out #3 engine. A/C edged out of formation and dove straight down exploding in mid air and...

  • 41-28779 'Sunshine'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 564BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. This was a "pathfinder" aircraft equipped with Aps-15 radar. ...

  • 41-28787

    B-24 Liberator
    Damaged by flak over Politz, Germany and landed in Sweden on 6/20/44. Crew interned.

  • 41-28793

    B-24 Liberator

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2017 15:38:56 Lucy May Changes to stations
Sources

Added 'Commemorated' event so that the museum at Hethel is associated to the 389th Bomb Group.

Date Contributor Update
10 April 2015 18:57:44 EMBLEMHUNTER Changes to mission associations and media associations
Sources

my photo

Date Contributor Update
02 January 2015 17:15:01 jkeeffe389 Changes to unit encompassing associations and mission associations
Sources

Lt. James H Keeffe Jr documents.

Date Contributor Update
02 January 2015 17:08:23 jkeeffe389 Changes to type, nicknames, aircraft types and mission associations
Sources

Lt. James H Keeffe Jr documents
Paul Wilson author The Sky Scorpions

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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