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368th Fighter Group

Group

The 368th Fighter Group flew P-47s in combat from England from March 1944. In the days after D-Day the Group supported Allied ground troops fighting in the Cherbourg penisula and then around St. Lo. The Group received a DUC for flying seven missions in a single day on 3 September 1944 to the Mons area, destroying enemy troops and means of transport. The Group continued to fly in support of ground forces throughout the Battle of the Bulge (December 1944 - January 945) and into 1945. They stayed in Europe after the war's end, becoming part of the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE).

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
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Missions

  • 8th Air Force FO 247 BOMBER ESCORT

    22 February 1944
    A combined force of 659 fighters of types: P-38; P-47 and P-51 are desdpatched to provide escort to the heavy bomber attacking the GErman aircraft industry on Day of of BIG WEEK. Mission Summary follows: ...

  • 8th Air Force FO 277 BOMBER ESCORT

    22 March 1944
    A combined force of 540 fighters of types: P-38; P-47 and P-51 are despatched to escort heave bombers attacking ad Berlin and surrounding areas. 275 of these aircraft are contributed by IX Fighter Command units. Despatch summary follows: ...

  • 8th Air Force 282 BOMBER ESCORT

    27 March 1944
    A combined force of 960 fighters of types: P-38; P-47 ad P-51 are despatched to provide escort to heavy bombers attacking 11 German airfields and air depots in France. 243 of the 960 are frunished by IX Fighter Command. The P-51 element also attacks...

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Greenham Common 13 January 1944 – 15 March 1944
Based Chilbolton 15 March 1944 – 20 June 1944
Based Cardonville 20 June 1944 – 23 August 1944
Based Chartres 23 August 1944 – 11 September 1944
Based Laon/Athies 11 September 1944 – 2 October 1944
Based Chievres 2 October 1944 – 27 December 1944
Based Juvincourt 27 December 1944 – 5 January 1945
Based Metz 5 January 1945 – 15 April 1945

Connections

People

  • Robert Andrus

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | fighter pilot | 368th Fighter Group

  • Norvin Averett

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 365FS, 358FG, 8AF USAAF. Abandoned P-47D 42-76525 out of fuel over English channel, baled and picked up by ASR, WIA, RTD. Awards: PH, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Robert Bechtold

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Forced to bail out on a mission on 14 June 1944. Either Returned to Duty (RTD) or became a Prisoner of War (POW). MACR not clear on this point. ...

  • Joseph Busenbark

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 396FS, 368FG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) dive bombing mission to Trier, Germany. Having shot down 1 x Fw190 engine started running roughly missing badly, set course for home crash landed near Lissendorf, Germany. Killed in Action ...

  • James Goodwin

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 368th Fighter Group

  • Thurman Mauldin

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 356th Fighter Group
    Primary training in Union City, TN, Basic in Newport, Ark, Advanced at Spence Field in Moultrie, GA Class of 44F; instrument flying at Spence Field for 3 months; went to England w/ 368th FG 12/44-1/45; w/ 356th 2/45 to VE Day; left England 9/45 to go...

  • Thomas Montag

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Killed in Action on 14th August 1944, 5 miles East of Domfront, France/Foret d'Andaine.

  • Eugene Potter

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Eugene Potter began training in the Canadian air force in the winter of 1940-41. Joined the RAF and was assigned to 71 [Eagle] Sqn RAF, but was not among the officers transferred to the USAAF on 29-9-42. ...

  • Bryce Ralston

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter pilot | 368th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 395FS, 368FG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) 23-Dec-44 mission in P-47D 44-19916. Section bounced, shot down in ensuing melee. Killed in Action (KIA) 23-Dec-44. Kruft, Germany. MACR 11489. Awards: DFC, AM (5 OLC), PH.

  • Carlos Talbott

    Military | Lieutenant General | 368th Fighter Group
    Distinguished Service Cross Citation: ...

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Aircraft

  • 42-25752

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-25881

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Republic P-47D Thunderbolt 42-25881, assigned to the 397th FS, 368th FG, 9th AF, 9-3-44. Whilst on dive bombing mission, collided with a Fw190 near Campeau that had emerged from the overcast directly in front of him. 7-7-44 A/C crashed near Campeau,...

  • 42-26037

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26130

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26262

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26263

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26279

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26325

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26387 Miss Behave

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-26393

    P-47 Thunderbolt

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2017 14:19:50 general ira snapsorter Changes to stations
Sources

Stations added with details from:
- "Battle Colors Volume III - Insignia and Tactical Markings of the Ninth Air Force in World War Two' by Robert A. Watkins;
- http://www.ixengineercommand.com/airfields/physical.php

Date Contributor Update
13 March 2015 15:34:07 rossingtonj Changes to type and mission associations
Sources

Type added.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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