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31st Fighter Group

Group

The 31st Fighter Group only flew missions from England between June and September 1942 but during this period they supported the Dieppe raid, the assault on occupied Europe, predominantly by the Canadian army. The attack was forced into early retreat by very high casualty rates. The Allies would not land on the north coast of France again until 6 June 1944. As part of the Twelfth Air Force, the 31st Fighter Group took part in the North African and Italian campaigns and flew P-51 Mustangs as escorts to the 15th AF from May 1944 until the war's end.

Structure

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Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Missions

  • First 8th AF Fighter Operation (26 July 1942)

    26 July 1942
    6 Spitfire VB aircraft from 31FG join with 412 (Falcon) Squadron RCAF flying from Merston on a fighter sweep over Abbeville and St. Omer, France. Lt Col Albert P. Clark, O-020218, 31FG Executive Officer flying EN784 is shot down and captured becoming...

  • Practice Rodeo (05 August 1942)

    5 August 1942
    11 Spitfire MK V from 31st Fighter Group are sent on a practice Rodeo. A "Rodeo" was the code name given to a fighter sweep over enemy territory.

  • Practice Rodeo (06 August 1942)

    6 August 1942
    11 Spitfire Mk V of 31st Fighter Group are despatched on a practice Rodeo. A "Rodeo" was the RAF code name for a fighter sweep over enemy territory.

  • Fighter Operation 31st Fighter Group (09 August 1942)

    9 August 1942
    2 Spitfire Mk V from 31st Fighter Group are despatched on a defensive fighter patrol. 11 Spitfire Mk V from 31st Fighter Group are despatched to fly top cover on a feint "Rodeo" to Dieppe, France. A "Rodeo" is the RAF code name for a fighter sweep over...

  • Practice Rodeo (11 August 1942)

    11 August 1942
    12 Spitfire Mk V from 31st Fighter Group are despatched on a practice "Rodeo". A "Rodeo" is the RAF code name for a fighter sweep over enemy territory.

  • Feint Rodeo 31st Fighter Group (12 August 1942)

    12 August 1942
    13 Spitfire Mk V from 31st Fighter Group are despateched on a feint "Rodeo" in a wide loop over Clacton/dunkirk/Calaise and Dover. A "Rodeo" is the RAF code name for a fighter sweep over enemy territory.

  • Fighter Operation (15 August 1942)

    15 August 1942
    2 Spitfire MK V from 31st Fighter Group are despatched on a convoy patrol. 12 Spitfire MK V are despatched on a feint sweep over the Dieppe/Etretat, France area.

  • Fighter Operation (15 August 1942)

    15 August 1942
    2 Spitfire MK V from 31st Fighter Group are despatched on a convoy patrol. 12 Spitfire MK V are despatched on a feint sweep over the Dieppe/Etretat, France area.

  • Fighter Operation 31st Fighter Group (18 August 1942)

    18 August 1942
    Fighter operations conducted by 31st Fighter Group using Spitfire aircraft: 13 despatched on "Circus 9"; 12 despatched on a patrol of the French coast; and 11 despatched to make a fighter sweep over the Dieppe/Etretat, France area. A "Circus" is the...

  • Fighter Operation 31st Fighter Group (18 August 1942)

    18 August 1942
    Fighter operations conducted by 31st Fighter Group using Spitfire aircraft: 13 despatched on "Circus 9"; 12 despatched on a patrol of the French coast; and 11 despatched to make a fighter sweep over the Dieppe/Etretat, France area. A "Circus" is the...

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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Atcham 11 June 1942 – 1 August 1942
Based High Ercall 11 June 1942 – 4 August 1842
Based Westhampnett 1 August 1942 – 21 October 1942
Based Merston 24 August 1942
Based Youks-les-Bains Airfield 21 February 1943 – 1 March 1943
Based Korba Airfield 15 May 1943 – 30 June 1943
Based Termini Airfield 2 August 1943 – 2 September 1943
Based San Severo Airfield 2 April 1944 – 3 March 1945

Connections

People

  • Donald Adams

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. 2 x missions. Credited with 2 destroyed and 2 damaged (ground). ...

  • Monk Hunter Airedale Terrier

    Military | 31st Fighter Group

  • Wallace Anderson

    Military | Master Sergeant | Armament Non-Commissioned Officer | 31st Fighter Group
    Was NCOIC of squadron armament section for 308thFS. Was first fighter group to operate in the 8thAF from June to Oct '42

  • Gerhard Ausborn

    Military | 31st Fighter Group

  • Robert Bell

    Military | Private First Class | Radio Operator | 31st Fighter Group
    EAME/ DUC/ GC/ AM

  • Duane Blumenstock

    Military | First Lieutenant | pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Thought to be bunk mate/ friend of Lt Neill S Walker.

  • Lawrence Bos

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Airborne Radar | 31st Fighter Group
    Flew on B-29 and B-47 A/C (Post WWII)

  • Alvin Callender

    Military | Major | Pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Alvin D. Callender flew the Spitfire Supermarine Mk Vbs in North Africa and Sicliy, as part of the 12th Air Force, 31st Pursuit Group, 308th Pursuit Squadron. After completing 127 missions he rotated back to the US and spent 18 months as a P-51 flight...

  • Winfred Chambers

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Crashed near Westhampnett airfield in Spitfire VB EN909. Group was transferred to 12th AF on 14 September but was still operating under 8th control

  • R Christopher

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 31st Fighter Group
    ground crew that serviced Spitfire flown by Lt Neill S Walker. His name was painted on the plane below Lt Walker.

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Aircraft

  • EN784

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire EN784 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • EN909

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire EN909 Mk Vb, Built at Chattis Hill. ...

  • 44-63237 'Tempus Fugit'

    P-51 Mustang
    A/C flown by Col William Allen Daniel CO 31st FG, 308th FS, 15th AF with the name "Tempus Fugit", Latin for time flies.

  • BM635

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire BM635 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • AB811

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire AB811 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • AD464

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire AD464 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • EP179 'Mary James'

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire Mk Vb EP179 Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • BL338

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire BL338 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. Delivered to No 8 MU 15-11-41, assigned to 72S 21-11-41, FA Cat CB 14-3-42, to AST, assigned to 308th FS, 31st FG USAAF 5-42, FTR Dieppe raid 19-8-42. MACR 16481.

  • BM511

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire BM511 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

  • EN847

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire EN847 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
06 December 2016 03:29:40 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korba_Airfield

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 00:03:36 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Severo

Date Contributor Update
23 November 2016 23:42:29 466thHistorian Changes to motto, air forces and stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/31st_Operations_Group

Date Contributor Update
19 March 2015 11:07:53 rossingtonj Changes to aircraft types and mission associations
Sources

Aircraft associations indicate Spitfires were used

Date Contributor Update
19 March 2015 11:06:51 rossingtonj Changes to air forces, aircraft types and mission associations
Sources

Airforce and aircraft type added.

Date Contributor Update
13 March 2015 15:12:10 rossingtonj Changes to type and mission associations
Sources

Type added.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983).

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