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2nd Bomb Group

Group

Served on antisubmarine duty for several months after the U.S. entered World War II. In October 1942 was re-designated as 2d Bombardment Group (Heavy) and earmarked for combat. The group was transferred on paper to Geiger Field, Washington, where it was re-organized and trained with new personnel.

A B-17G of the 96th BS, 2d BG, dropping its bombs.
The group was made up of four Squadrons, the 20th, 49th, 96th, and the 429th. In November 1942, the squadrons were sent to satellite bases in Montana for additional training as units, the 20th to Great Falls, the 49th to Lewistown, the 96th to Glasgow, and the 429th to Cut Bank. This was the third and final phase of training.

The 2d Bombardment Group and squadrons left their satellite bases on 13–14 March 1943 arriving at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey 17–18 March 1943 for debarkation overseas. The Flight Echelon left the above bases for Morrison Field West Palm Beach, Florida; Natal, Brazil; Marrakech, Morocco and arriving at Navarin, Algeria on 22 April 1943. The Ground Echelon were disbursed at Camp Kilmer in several ships arriving at Casablanca and Port Lyautey in March/April 1943, thence motor and train convoy to Navarin, Algeria. Was initially assigned to Twelfth Air Force.

It arrived at Chateau D'un, Algeria on 27 April 1943. The first mission on 28 April 1943 was to Terranova, Sardinia. The 2d Bombardment Group departed Chateau D'un after flying 25 missions and arrived at Ain M'Lila, Algeria on 17 June 1943 and flew 25 missions from that base. The group departed for Massicault, Tunisia on 31 July 1943 and flew 56 missions from that base.

2d Bombardment Group B-17s form up and begin their climb to altitude from Amendola Airfield, Italy, 1944
Missions flown included bombing such targets as marshalling yards, airdromes, troop concentrations, bridges, docks, and shipping. Participated in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, April–May 1943; the reduction of Pantelleria and the preparations for the invasion of Sicily, May–July 1943; and the invasion of Italy, September 1943.

Moved to Italy in December 1943 and continued operations as part of Fifteenth Air Force. Operated primarily from Amendola Air Base in Foggia. Engaged primarily in long-range bombardment of strategic targets in Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Rumania, and Greece. Participated in the drive toward Rome, January–June 1944; the invasion of Southern France, August 1944, and the campaigns against German forces in northern Italy, June 1944 – May 1945. En route to bomb an aircraft factory at Steyr, Austria on 24 February 1944, the group was greatly outnumbered by enemy interceptors, but it maintained its formation and bombed the target, receiving a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for the performance. On the following day, while on a mission to attack aircraft factories at Regensburg, it met similar opposition equally well and was awarded a second DUC.

Served as part of the occupation force in Italy after V-E Day. Inactivated in Italy on 28 February 1946. Group gunners claimed 279 victories of German and Italian aircraft. Flew 406 combat missions; 146 aircraft lost.

Structure

Part of
  • 5th Combat Bomb Wing

    5th Combat Bomb Wing

    Wing
    The 5th Air Division (5th AD) originated on 19 October 1940 at McChord Field, Washington. Its initial mission was air defense of the northwest United States with three bombardment groups (12th, 17th and 39th) flying early B-17 Flying Fortresses (B-17C...

  • 15th Air Force
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Established 31 March 1921
Based Chateaudun-du-Rhumel Airfield 24 April 1943 – 7 June 1943
Based Massicault Airfield 31 July 1943 – 2 December 1943
Based Amendola Airfield 9 December 1943 – 19 November 1945

Connections

People

  • Nilo Abel

    Military | Master Sergeant | Crew chief | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 429BS, 2BG, 15AF USAAF. Crew chief of B-17 42-38078 'Sweat Pea'. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • John Bacsu

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 49BS, 2BG, 15AF USAAF. On mission to Sofia 24-Jan-44, ditched off Civitanova in B-17 42-29645, 15 miles east of Bari RTD. 37 missions. Shot down on mission to Steyr, Austria in B-17 42-29638. Baled out Salzburg, Austria Prisoner Of War (POW...

  • Bernard Budimirovich

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Gunner | 2nd Bomb Group
    Died as a result of a training mission airplane crash near Hutchinson, KS on 19 February 1943.

  • Elmer Buss

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist gunner | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 429BS, 2BG, 15AF USAAF. On raid to Debrecen, Hungary A/C hit by direct hit 21-Sep-44 Died of his wounds. Killed in Action (KIA). Awards: PH.

  • Theodore Davich

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 429BS, 2BG, 15AF USAAF. On raid to Debrecen, Hungary A/C hit by direct hit and severely damaged 21-Sep-44. Returned to base, A/C successfully landing, its severed fuselage collapsing. RTD. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Anthony Ferrara

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 429BS, 2BG, 15AF USAAF. On raid to Debrecen, Hungary A/C hit by direct hit and A/C severely damaged 21-Sep-44. Wounded in chest from shrapnel, returned to base, successfully landing the A/C, its severed fuselage collapsing. WIA/RTD. ...

  • Kenneth Griffin

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 2nd Bomb Group
    Flew over St. Lo, Berlin, D-Day DFC, Air Medal with Oak Leaf Clusters, Good Conduct Medal

  • Lawrence Jenkins

    Military | Captain | Co-Pilot | 2nd Bomb Group
    Lawrence Jenkins was born on January 29, 1924 in Battle Creek Michigan. Lawrence attended Lakeview schools and he eventually graduated from there in 1942. Right out of high school Lawrence enlisted into the the air force on October 26, 1942 at Fort...

  • DeLos Johnson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail gunner | 2nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 49BS, 2BG, 15AF. On mission to Sofia 24-Jan-44, ditched off Civitanova in B-17 42-29645, 15 miles east of Bari RTD.

  • Joseph Jordan

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 2nd Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 36-149 Y1B-17

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    The initial flight of the aircraft took place on 2-Dec-36, but with Stan Umstead, five days later nosed over during landed but was not too badly damaged. Delivered 49BS/2BG Langley 1-Mar-37; 4000 Base Unit Wright Fd 1938; transferred 19BG March Fd, Oct...

  • 36-151 Y1B-17

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered 49BS/2BG Langley 28-Mar-37; transferred 20BS; took part in goodwill trip to South America 1938; transferred 19BG March Field Oct-40; Amarillo 21-Nov-42; 64 flights; Written off 15-Jan-43 after surviving a spin. [aircraft No. 80]. Never saw...

  • 36-156 Y1B-17

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered 20BS/2BG Langley 17-Jun-37; transferred 19BG March Fd Oct-40; public relations trip to Grand Union High School, McClelland Fd 4-Jul-41; 66 flts; Written off 2-Apr-42. [aircraft No. 51] This aircraft never served in combat and was never posted...

  • 41-24345

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 326BG/92BG Bovingdon /42; 342BS/97BG Polebrook 8/42; Maison Blanche, Alg 20/11//42; 20BG/2BG Massicault, Tun 14/11/43; Missing in Action Athens {5m} 20/12/43 with Bill Slaughter, Co-pilot: Bob Ogletree, Bombardier: Clarry Lanham, Flight...

  • 41-24361

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA676] but transferred 301BG Westover 18/7/42; Podington 6/8/42; Tafaraoui, Alg 24/11/42; 96BS/2BG Massicault, Tun {38m} 348BS/99BG Oudna, Tun 28/3/44 {52m}; 840BS/483BG Tortorella, It 31/3/44; {98m in total} Returned to the USA 11/6/44;...

  • 41-24364

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA679]; Assigned 353BS/301BG 16/3/42; transferred 32BS Westover 6/8/42; Podington, UK 6/8/42; Tafaraoui, Alg 24/11/42 {64m}; 429BS/2BG Massicault, Tun 14/11/43; Amendola, It 9/12/43; Missing in Action Fano 15/1/44 with Bill Pederson,...

  • 41-24366

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA681] but transferred 353BS/301BG Westover 7/7/42; Podington 6/8/42 {6m}; Tafaraoui, Alg 24/11/42; 346BS/99BG Navarin, Alg 3/4/43; transferred 429BS/2BG {5m}; ret 99BG; Le Senia, It. depot 3/44; crash landed 19/8/44. Salvaged. K.O.

  • 41-24373

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA688] but transferred 326BS/92BG Bangor 15/7/42; 341BS/97BG Alconbury 8/42; 429BS/2BG Massicault, Tun 14/11/43; Salvaged 31/1/44. PEACHES II.

  • 41-24393

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 419BS/301BG [K] Westover 8/7/42; transferred 96BS/2BG Maison Blanche, Alg 13/11/42; Tafaraoui, Alg 22/11/42; Biskra, Alg 25/12/42; Chateau-du-Rhumel, Alg 8/2/43 {14m}; transferred 483BG Tortorella, It 31/3/44; Returned to the USA Olmstead 24/7...

  • 41-24395

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 353BS/301BG Westover 8/7/42; Chelveston 9/8/42; transferred Tafaraoui, Alg 26/11/42; Maison Blanche, Alg 5/12/42; Biskra, Alg 16/12/42; Ain M'Lila, Alg 17/1/43; St Donat, Alg 6/3/43; (traded for 42-30125 15/7/43); Oudna,Tun 6/8/43 54m;...

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation - for outstanding performance maintaining formation in the face of overwhelming opposition on a mission to Steyr, Austria 24 February 1944

Distinguished Unit Citation - for outstanding performance on a mission to Regensburg, Germany 25 February 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
01 November 2016 02:18:20 466thHistorian Changes to motto and stations
Sources

http://2ndbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
01 November 2016 00:27:59 466thHistorian Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

http://2ndbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
01 November 2016 00:21:03 466thHistorian Changes to citations, description, unit encompassing associations, aircraft associations and stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2d_Operations_Group

Date Contributor Update
14 December 2015 11:00:23 Lucy May Changes to unit part of associations and aircraft associations
Sources

Added connections to the group's squadrons.
See: http://www.2ndbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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