Skip to main content
Edit entry 

1st Fighter Group

Group

The 1st Fighter Group were initially deployed to Britain in the summer of 1942 as part of Operation Bolero. After shuttling through a number of different bases in the UK, the Group was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force in September 1942 and supported the Allied invasion of North-West Africa as part of Operation Torch. After the fall of Tunis in May 1943, the Group escorted bombers in missions over Sicily and Italy and in the summer of 1944 supported the invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon).

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Missions

  • VIII Fighter Command

    29 August 1942
    31FG despatches 36 Spitfires to patrol along the French coast; 1FG despatches 2 P-38s on a fighter intercept on enemy raiders. First use of P-38s by 8th AF in the ETO.

  • VIII Fighter Command FIGHTER SWEEPS

    1 September 1942
    1FG/71FS despatches 32-P-38s in a fighter sweep over the English Channel; 52FG despatches 12 Spitfires in a practice fighter sweep.

  • VIII Fighter Command PATROL & SCRAMBLE

    4 September 1942
    1FG scrambles 2 P-38s on patrol off Ibsley, UK; 31FG despatches 2 Spitfires on patrol off of Selsey Bill, UK.

  • VIII Fighter Command ESCORT

    5 September 1942
    31FG despatches 24 Spitfires to escort DB-7 A-20 Boston III bombers of 15BS in their attack on the port area of Le Harve, France

  • VIII Fighter Command ESCORT

    5 September 1942
    31FG despatches 24 Spitfires to escort DB-7 A-20 Boston III bombers of 15BS in their attack on the port area of Le Harve, France

  • VIII Fighter Command ESCORT & INTERCEPT

    6 September 1942
    1FG scrambles 2 P-38s to intercept enemy aircraft, but none are sighted.

  • VIII Fighter Command SWEEPS & INTERCEPT

    8 September 1942
    1FG despatches a total of 6 P-38s on practice sweeps with the RAF and 2 of these are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft, but none are sighted.

  • VIII Fighter Command SWEEPS & INTERCEPT

    8 September 1942
    1FG despatches a total of 6 P-38s on practice sweeps with the RAF and 2 of these are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft, but none are sighted.

  • VIII Fighter Command FIGHTER SWEEP

    16 September 1942
    1FG despatches 24 P-38s on a fighter sweep of the French coastline between Dieppe and Le Touquet, France.

  • VIII Fighter Command FIGHTER SWEEP

    17 September 1942
    1FG despatches 24 P-38s on a fighter sweep of the English Channel and French coast.

Show more

Stations

Station Location Date
HQ and 71st FS Based Goxhill 10 June 1942 – 24 August 1942
94th FS Based Kirton-in-Lindsey 10 June 1942 – 24 August 1942
HQ, 71st FS and 94th FS Based Ibsley 24 August 1942 – 14 November 1942
27th FS Based High Ercall 27 August 1942 – 15 September 1942
27th FS Based Colerne 15 September 1942 – 6 November 1942
Based Nouvion Airfield 20 November 1942 – 14 December 1942
Based Chateaudun-du-Rhumel Airfield February 1943 – 29 June 1943
Based Mateur Airfield 29 June 1943 – 31 October 1943
Based Gioia del Colle Airfield 8 December 1943 – 8 January 1944
Based Salsola Airfield 8 January 1944 – 8 January 1945
Based Vincenzo Airfield 8 January 1945 – 21 February 1945
Based Salsola Airfield 21 February 1945 – March 1945

Connections

People

  • Charley Brown

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    Assigned to 84FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 27FS, 1FG, 12AF USAAF. Credited 3 x kills. ...

  • James Hunt

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot-1056 Twin Engine | 1st Fighter Group
    Flight Leader 27th FS 1st FG 43 combat missions

  • Jack Ilfrey

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot 1056 multi-engine/Squadron Commander | 1st Fighter Group
    Captain Jack M Ilfrey from Houston, Texas first arrived in the UK in 1942 with the 1st Fighter Group initially based at Goxhill and Kirton-in-Lindsey in Lincolnshire as part of Operation Bolero, the build-up of an American strategic air force in...

  • Donald Kienholz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot/Bomber Pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    Kienholz was an ace with 6 victories. He went on to serve in the Korean war, and retired in October 1965 after 27 years of service.

  • Stanley Lau

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    LT. COL. STANLEY WILFRED LAU ...

  • Harold Lentz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot-Twin Engine | 1st Fighter Group
    Post war 123rd FIS OR ANG

  • Robert McCord

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    Engine problems with P-38F-1-LO 41-7617 forced McCord to land back at Goxhill with landing gear retracted 19 August 1942. No injuries.

  • Everett Miller

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot-1056 Twin Engine | 1st Fighter Group
    Flight leader 94th FS April 1944 - Jan 1945 5 air kills P-38J s/n 43-28773 #67 "Martha J" Sgt Everett Jacobson-crew chief

  • Newell Mills

    Military | Second Lieutenant | 1st Fighter Group

  • Charles Oakley

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    Killed in Action (KIA). Crashed in P-38-1-LO 41-7604 north of Thirsk, Yorkshire

Show more

Aircraft

Show more

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
06 December 2016 03:21:25 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nouvion_Airfield

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2016 02:23:12 466thHistorian Changes to unit encompassing associations
Sources

http://www.armyaircorpsmuseum.org/1st_Fighter_Group.cfm

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2016 02:10:30 466thHistorian Changes to motto, stations and media associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Operations_Group

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2016 01:57:39 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://www.forgottenairfields.com/italy/apulia/foggia/salsola-s569.html

Date Contributor Update
03 August 2016 15:21:21 general ira snapsorter Changes to unit encompassing associations
Sources

Unit associations and unit ‘BASED’ locations and dates added from “The Mighty Eighth- A History of the U.S. Army Air Force”, Roger A. Freeman

Date Contributor Update
03 August 2016 15:18:55 general ira snapsorter Changes to unit part of associations
Sources

Unit ‘BASED’ locations and dates added from “The Mighty Eighth- A History of the U.S. Army Air Force”, Roger A. Freeman

Date Contributor Update
19 March 2015 11:26:27 rossingtonj Changes to type, air forces, aircraft types and mission associations
Sources

Airforce and aircraft types added: http://1stfg.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983).

Share