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66th Fighter Wing

Wing

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 5th Air Defense Wing on 25 Mar 1943 and activated on 27 Mar. Moved to England, May-Jun 1943, and assigned to Eighth AF. Redesignated 66th Fighter Wing in Jul 1943. Participated in combat in the European theater from Nov 1943 to late in Apr 1945. Inactivated in England on 21 Nov 1945.

Commanding officers
  • Glenn Duncan

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Commanding Officer of 353rd Fighter Group | 353rd Fighter Group
    Glenn E Duncan joined the 353rd Fighter Group in March 1943 as Group Executive Officer. He claimed 19 victories until he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and commander of the Group in November 1943. ...

  • Murray Woodbury

    Military | Brigadier General | Fighter Wing Commander; Commanding General
    Murray C. Woodbury was born in 1899 in Burlington, Vt. He graduated from the Florida Military Academy in 1917, and attended Norwich University, Vt. He served as a private and private first class, Aviation Section, Signal Reserve, from Jan. 31, 1918, to...

Structure

Part of
  • VIII Air Force Composite Command
  • VIII Fighter Command

    VIII Fighter Command

    Command
    VIII Fighter Command was established as VIII Interceptor Command at Selfridge Field on 2 February 1942.

  • 3rd Air Division

    3rd Air Division

    Division
    In December 1944, the 3rd Bomb Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Encompassing
  • 314th Service Group
  • 331st Service Group
  • 339th Fighter Group

    339th Fighter Group

    Group
    In the years before deployment to the UK, the Group had been designated as a Bombardment Group (Dive) and trained in A-24 and A-25 dive-bombers and P-39 Airacobras. When, in April 1944, they joined the Eighth Air Force in Britain though, the pilots...

  • 353rd Fighter Group

    353rd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 353rd Fighter Group was assigned to the Eighth Air Force on 7 June 1943. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts, and from October 1944, P-51 Mustangs, as escorts for bombing missions across occupied Europe and to strafe targets on the ground. Tactical...

  • 357th Fighter Group

    357th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 357th Fighter Group was the first P-51 Mustang Group in the Eighth Air Force, training with them from November 1943 at Raydon, England and entering combat with them in the February of the following year from their new base at Leiston. The Group was...

  • 358th Fighter Group

    358th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 358th Fighter Group flew seventeen missions with the Eighth Air Force from Leiston air base. At the beginning of February 1944 the Group were transferred to the Ninth Air Force in exchange for the 357th Fighter Group. With the Ninth, the Group went...

  • 359th Fighter Group

    359th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 359th Fighter Group flew 346 missions from East Wretham between December 1943 and April 1945. In the main these missions were escorting bombers flying over occupied Europe. The Group, soon after converting from Thunderbolts to Mustangs, were...

  • 361st Fighter Group

    361st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 361st Fighter Group was the last P-47 Thunderbolt Group to join the Eighth Air Force. Between 21 January 1944 and 20 April 1945, the Group flew 441 missions, the majority in an escort role in support of bombers flying over occupied Europe. The...

  • 50th Service Group
  • 55th Fighter Group

    55th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 55th Fighter Group were the first P-38 Lightning Group to go fully operational from England. The pilots flew long-range escort missions for bombers flying over occupied Europe and racked up 'kills' of their own by destroying enemy aircraft in...

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Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Duxford 3 June 1943
Based Sawston Hall 20 August 1943
Based Troston 25 October 1945 – 21 November 1945

Connections

People

  • John Abbate

    Military

  • William Abbott

    Military

  • Nicholas Abramshe

    Military | Corporal

  • James Alberti

    Military

  • Vincent Amato

    Military | Staff Sergeant

  • Bryant Anderson

    Military | Colonel | Fighter Pilot | 357th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 82FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 364FS, 357FG, 8AF USAAF. Completed (End) Tour of Duty (ETD). 2nd tour with 6th Fighter Wing. Awards: WWII Victory. Post War: Remained in USAF serving in Korea and Vietnam, retiring as Colonel.

  • Joseph Ardini

    Military | Staff Sergeant | 55th Fighter Group

  • Mac Arons

    Military | Corporal

  • Kermit Bailey

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Chief of Staff

  • Roy Baker

    Military | Communications
    The 312th Signal Co was ass igned to the 66th Fighter Wing which was the Hdqs for all the 8th AAF Fighter Groups in Europe.

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Aircraft

  • 42-30298 Ragin Red II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/5/43; Gore 24/5/43; Smoky Hill 29/5/43; Dow Fd 3/6/43; Assigned 525BS/379BG [FR-M] Kimbolton 13/6/43 TENDER TIT TILLIE, then RAGIN' RED II; transferred 837BS/487BG [4F] Lavenham 15/7/44; 78th Fighter Wing 24/10/44; transferred...

  • BM523

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire BM523 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
05 September 2019 10:11:30 Emily Changes to motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, commanding officers associations and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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