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1st Combat Bomb Wing

Wing

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Moved to England, Jul-Aug 1942, and became a heavy bombardment wing of Eighth AF. Redesignated 1st Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in Aug 1943, and 1st Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in Jun 1945. Served in combat in the European theater from Aug 1942 until 25 Apr 1945, receiving a DUC for an attack on aircraft factories in Germany on 11 Jan 1944. Red turned to the US in Aug 1945. Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945.

Commanding officers
  • Frank Armstrong

    Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding Officer; Pilot | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Commanded 97th BG from 31 July 1942 to 27 September 1942. ...

  • Haywood Hansell

    Military | Major General | Commander
    He worked under Eisenhower and Spaatz. He was experienced in Intelligence. He was the one who selected the crew of the 'Memphis Belle' to go back to America. One of the most important founders of the Strategic Heavy Bombing method. He helped formulate...

  • Newton Longfellow

    Military | Brigadier General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force Bomber Command
    Formerly command pilot. CG VIII Bomber Command 2 December 1942 to 30 June 1943. Awards: SS, WWII Victory, EAME, CBE (Commander British Empire).

  • William Gross

    Military | Brigadier General | 398th Bomb Group

  • Woodrow Dunlop

    Military | Commander | 381st Bomb Group

  • Claude Duncan

    Military | Brigadier General | Commander
    Assumed command of the 1st Bombardment Wing on 27 July 1942. Replaced by Colonel Newton Longfellow on 21 August 1942 per 1st Bombardment Wing General Orders #5 dated 21 August 1942.

  • Laurence Kuter

    Military | General | Commander
    ADC to CG, 8th Air Force 8 - 23 November 1942. ADC to CG, 8th Bomber Command 24 November - 11 December 1943. CG 1st Combat Bomb Wing 1 - 31 December 1942

Structure

Part of
  • 1st Air Division

    1st Air Division

    Division
    In December 1944, the 1st Bomb Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

Encompassing
  • 301st Bomb Group

    301st Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 3-February-1942 at Geiger Field, Washington and equipped with B-17s. On 27-May-1942 the ground unit moved to Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico, and the aircraft went to Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base), California for...

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 398th Bomb Group

    398th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 398th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire on strategic bombing raids over Germany. The Group switched focus in the days before D-Day, when they targeted enemy positions on the Cherbourg peninsula. When the Allied...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

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Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Brampton Grange 19 August 1942 – August 1943
Based Bassingbourn September 1943 – June 1945
Based Alconbury 26 June 1945 – 26 August 1945

Connections

People

  • Claude Duncan

    Military | Brigadier General | Commander
    Assumed command of the 1st Bombardment Wing on 27 July 1942. Replaced by Colonel Newton Longfellow on 21 August 1942 per 1st Bombardment Wing General Orders #5 dated 21 August 1942.

  • Lewis Ensign

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 398th Bomb Group
    Commanding Officer, 398th Bomb Group, 25th January to 17th April 1945. ...

  • Haywood Hansell

    Military | Major General | Commander
    He worked under Eisenhower and Spaatz. He was experienced in Intelligence. He was the one who selected the crew of the 'Memphis Belle' to go back to America. One of the most important founders of the Strategic Heavy Bombing method. He helped formulate...

  • Watts Humphrey

    Military | Colonel | Intelligence | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Watts was born in 1896 and grew up in Saginaw Michigan. He served with the Air Corps during the First World War, before pursuing a career in finance. He married Katherine Strong, and the couple had two children: Philip (born 1926) and Watts Jr (born...

  • Laurence Kuter

    Military | General | Commander
    ADC to CG, 8th Air Force 8 - 23 November 1942. ADC to CG, 8th Bomber Command 24 November - 11 December 1943. CG 1st Combat Bomb Wing 1 - 31 December 1942

  • Newton Longfellow

    Military | Brigadier General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force Bomber Command
    Formerly command pilot. CG VIII Bomber Command 2 December 1942 to 30 June 1943. Awards: SS, WWII Victory, EAME, CBE (Commander British Empire).

  • Michel Schexnayder

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Gunner, Ball Turret | 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

  • Henry Williams

    Military | Major | passenger
    Major Henry B. Williams was on board of B-17E Serial 41-9051 on a navigational training exercise to Turnhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland as final destination on 14 Sept 43. Piloted by Captain William C. Anderson, CO of 813th BS, the B-17 somehow flew off...

  • John Wright

    Military | Colonel | Intelligence Officer | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    16 April 1942 he volunteered for war service. He went on active duty as a captain in the USAF and was ordered to Officers' Training School. In June 1942, he was sent to the AF Intelligence School at Harrisburg. Upon completion of this tour, he was...

Aircraft

  • 41-24691

    C-46 Commando
    Possibly part of 1st Combat Wing. See Missing Air Crew Report 7104.

Citations

DUC for an attack on aircraft factories in Germany on 11 Jan 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
03 September 2019 10:18:00 Emily Changes to type, motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, commanding officers associations and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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