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Chipping Ongar

Military site : airfield

The air base was constructed by the 831st Engineer Battalion (Aviation) in late August 1942. The 387th Bomb Group were the only American group to be based there, flying B-26 Marauders in strategic missions over France, first for the Eighth and then for the Ninth Air Force after October 1943. The Group supported the invasion of Normandy in June 1944 and left Chipping Ongar in preparation for the move to France the following month.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

People

  • Robert Abell

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Engineer/Gunner | 387th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 31-Aug-43 in B-26B 41-31653 "King Bee" [KX:M] while serving Engineer/Gunner. The aircraft was struck by anti-aircraft fire and crashed while bombing the German airfield at Lille/Vendeville, France. Loss documented on MACR 471 but...

  • Florenze Ackmann

    Military | 387th Bomb Group

  • Richard Ainsworth

    Military | Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    Rich Ainsworth told me that he had graduated from all fighter pilot schools, number three in his class. One day soon after graduation the CO called a formation. The CO called out names starting with "A", Ainsworth was called and sent to fly B26s as a...

  • Ernest Anderson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 31-Aug-43 in B-26B 41-31653 "King Bee" [KX:M] while serving as pilot. The aircraft was struck by anti-aircraft fire and crashed while bombing the German airfield at Lille/Vendeville, France. PH

  • Francis Anderson

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 387th Bomb Group
    On 21-Sep-43 while serving as Tail Gunner in B-26B 41-31721 'Cactus Jack' 387BG/559BS his aircraft was despatched with 36 other B-26s to bomb the German airfield of Beauvais/Tillie, France. The aircraft sustained major damage from AA fire over the...

  • Neil Bartholme

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    ...

  • James Beaman

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Engineer/Gunner | 387th Bomb Group
    On 21-Sep-43 while serving as Engineer/Gunner in B-26B 41-31721 'Cactus Jack' 387BG/559BS his aircraft was despatched with 36 other B-26s to bomb the German airfield of Beauvais/Tillie, France. The aircraft sustained major damage from AA fire over the...

  • William Boren

    Military | Major | Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    On 21-Sep-43 while seving as Pilot of B-16B 41-31721, 387BG/559BS he was despatched from Chipping Ongar, UK along with 36 other B-26s to bomb the German airfield of Beauvais/Tille, France. During the attack the aircraft sustained extensive damage from...

  • Edgar Brown

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 387th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 9-Sep-43 in B-26B 41-31908 [FW:U] 387BG/556BS while serving as Pilot. The aircraft was severly damaged by AA fire and crashed into the English Channel about a miles west of the target at Boulogne, France. The 322nd was moved to...

  • William Brown

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 387th Bomb Group
    Flew in B-26 #42-96199. Shot down during mission over Chartres, Killed in Action ...

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Aircraft

  • 41-31653 King Bee

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-15-MA 41-31653 "King Bee" [KX:M]was assigned to the 353BG/558BS at Chipping Onger, UK. The aircraft was despatched on 31-Aug-43 along with 35 others to bomb the German airfield at Lille/Vendeville, France. The aircraft was struck by anti-aircaft...

  • 41-31657 'Mississippi Mudcat'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 559BS, 387BG, 9AF USAAF. 149 x combat mission. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Bastogne. Shot down by Me109's, pilot 2Lt Vernon O Staub hit in face by 20mm cannon shell and killed instantly, went down with A/C. Crew baled out. 6 x...

  • 41-31697 Duck Butt

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-20-MA 41-31697 "Duck Butt" [TQ:R] was assigned to the 387BG/559BS at Chipping Ongar, UK. On 9-Sep-43 it was being piloted by 1LT Elwood R. McClendon. 1LT McClendon attempted to take off with a full bomb load in dense fog on instruments. He veered...

  • 41-31698 Hot Garters

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26 41-31698 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire on 2 March 1944. Pilot Oliver Jopling and tail gunner Richard Byrem survived. The four other crew members died: Arnold Warmuth, Irving Lerman, John Gober and James White; MACR 2525. ...

  • 41-31721 Cactus Jack

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-20-MA 41-31721 "Cactus Jack" was assigned to the 387BG/559BS at Chipping Onger, UK. The aircraft was despatched on a mission to bomb the German airfield of Beauvais/Tille, France. During the attack the aircraft sustained damage from AA fire and...

  • 41-31908

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26B-30-MA 41-31908 [FW:U] was assigned to the 387BG/556BS at Chipping Ongar, UK. On 9-Sep-43 the aircraft participated with 217 other B-26s in attacking the coastal defenses in and aroung Boulogne, France. During the attack the aircraft was severly...

  • 42-107577 'Duffy' 'Hot Garters #2'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 559BS, 387BG, 9AF USAAF. 95 x combat mission. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Bastogne attacked by Me109's, hit in the tail area, causing severe damage to flight control surfaces. 4 x crew baled out of spinning A/C 3 x POW, 1 x...

  • 42-107598 Miss Kam & Blond Rebel

    B-26 Marauder
    9th AF / 387th BG / 559 BS - (ALG Clastres / A-71) ...

  • 42-95869 'Front Burner II'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 559BS, 387BG,9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Bastogne. Just east of Bastogne set upon and shot down by Me109's, going down with both engines aflame 7 x KIA. MACR 11482. ...

  • 42-96092

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 559BS, 387BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Mayen. Hit by flak in target area, engine ablaze, baled out successfully. 7 x POW, 1 x KIA. MACR 12607.

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 February 2015 06:13:12 drh1957nb Changes to media associations
Sources

Crew Photo

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

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