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Chelveston

Military site : airfield

Chelveston was adapted and expanded in preparation for the arrival of American forces. Rather than heavy bombers, the first aircraft to fly from its runways were C-47 Skytrains that were flown by the 60th Troop Carrier Group in July 1942. The first combat group posted to Chelveston were the 301st Bomb Group who flew a handful of missions before moving to North Africa with the Twelfth Air Force in the aftermath of Operation Torch. The next Bomb Group to fly from the base were the 305th, another B-17 Group. The Group flew 330 missions from here and, as one of the first B-17 Groups to fly in the ETO, it was from here that some of the pioneering techniques and formations were developed.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 442nd Sub-Depot
  • 301st Bomb Group

    301st Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 3-February-1942 at Geiger Field, Washington and equipped with B-17s. On 27-May-1942 the ground unit moved to Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico, and the aircraft went to Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base), California for...

  • 60th Troop Carrier Group

    60th Troop Carrier Group

    Group
    Although with the Twelfth Air Force, the Group flew its C-47 Skytrains from St. Eval and Predannack airfields in Cornwall, England for its first mission: dropping paratroops into Oran, Algeria, in the early hours of Operation Torch, which began on 8...

  • 18th Weather Squadron
  • 2nd Station Complement Squadron
  • 364th Bomb Squadron
  • 365th Bomb Squadron
  • 366th Bomb Squadron
  • 422nd Bomb Squadron

People

  • Jules Adler

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down by fighters and crashed at Beinheim on 8/9/44 in B-17 #4337965 POW

  • Donald Adsmson

    Military | pilot | 60th Troop Carrier Group

  • Harry Alexander

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Killed in Action (KIA) Shot down by fighters and crashed at Unzhurst in B-17 Boeing's Best #4231342

  • Raymond Allaby

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Raymond Allaby served as a tail gunner with the 305th Bomb Group. He was shot down on 29 May 1943 on his tenth mission, over St. Nazaire, France in B-17 42-29792. Nine of the crew were killed, he was the only one who survived. Taken as a Prisoner of...

  • Charles Allen

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Shot down 4 July 1943 in B-17 #425053. Prisoner of War (POW).

  • Vito Ambrosio

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Crashed attempting to land at Sheffield, Yorkshire, England on the return from a mission to Aalborg airfield, Denmark on 22 Feb 1944 in B-17G #42-31322 'Mi Amigo'. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Robert Ames

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Shot down 27 January 1943 in B-17F 41-24637 while serving as Tail Gunner. The aircraft was attacked by fighters on approach to the target Wilhelmshaven, Germany. the aircraft crashed at Tossens, Germany. Killed in Action (KIA). Purple Heart, Air Medal

  • Floyd Ammerman

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    On 26-Feb-43 while serving as the Tail Gunner in B-17F 41-24623, 305BG/365BS the aircraft sustained damage from AA fire over the target at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. He was able to bale out and was captured as a Prisoner of War (POW). The aircraft was...

  • Carl Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Prisoner of War (POW). Crashed at Hunteburg on 8/24/44 in B-17 42-97533 POW

  • Joseph Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator, Radio Operator Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Shot down 13 January 1943 in B-17F 41-24601 while serving as Radio Operator. Aircraft took a direct hit from flak over the target at Lille, France and crashed near Lo, Belgium. Killed in Action (KIA).

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Aircraft

  • 41-24347

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 352BS/301BG Chelveston 7/42; crash landed RAF Church Lawford, UK 9/8/42 with Jim Hair, Co-pilot: L.Miers, Navigator: J.Marvin, Bombardier: E.Cook,ettg-A.DeVeinenti, Radio Operator: A.Brozozowy (RAF), Ball turret gunner: S.Simmonds (RAF). Waist...

  • 41-24348

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 353BS/301BG Chelveston 1/7/42; force landed Onoto Afd, Greenland, en route UK with Warren Annis 3/8/42; Tarafaroui 24/11/42; crash landed Maison Blanche, Alg 7/12/42 with Jack Dempsey, repaired and back to duty; {41m} Salvaged in UK 24/9/44....

  • 41-24350

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 352BS/301BG Chelveston 7/42; Tafaraoui 24/11/42; exploded mid air on return from depot 30/11/42 with Wesley Sloulin, Co-pilot: Olsen, Navigator: Fratalli, Bombardier: Crandall, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Hull, Radio Operator: Most,...

  • 41-24351

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 352BS/301BG Chelveston 12/7/42; Tafaraoui 24/11/42, as HEINIE HEADHUNTERS {52m}; force landed Tafaraoui with Bill Condy 30/11/42; 416BS/99BG Tortorella 12/43 {21m}; 840BS/483BG Tortorella 31/3/44; Returned to the USA 13/6/44; Reconstruction...

  • 41-24352 Holey Joe

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 352BS/301BG Chelveston 7/42; Tafaraoui 24/11/42; crash landed Mateur 9/5/43 40m with George Peabody; flak damage 6/11/43; Returned to the USA 22/10/43; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA) Walnut Ridge 31/10/45....

  • 41-24359

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 301BG Westover 8/9/42; instead of assignment to 12AF, Italy transferred to Chelveston 16/9/42; 813BS/305BG Grafton Underwood/Chelveston 25/11/42, sent to pathfinder base RAF Wyton of installation of Oboe Mk I radar equipment; 325BS/92BG [NV-F]...

  • 41-24362

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA677] but transferred 419BS/301BG Westover 6-Aug-42; Podington 6-Aug-42; ditched Channel just off Margate, on return from Lille 9-Oct-42 aircraft flew 3 missions. Crew rescued, the first such 8AF sea rescue. No MACR issued. 10RTD. ...

  • 41-24372

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned RAF [FA687] but transferred 352BS/301BG Westover 23/6/42; Chelveston/Podington 9/8/43; Tafaraoui 26/11/42; Maison Blanche 5/12/42; Biskra 16/12/42; Ain M'Lila 17/1/43; St Donat. 6/3/43; flak damage 11/4/43; {27m} Salvaged. HELL'S BATTLEWAGON.

  • 41-24386

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 353BS/301BG Westover 7/42; Chelveston 9/8/42; Tafaraoui 26/11/42; Maison Blanche 5/12/42; Biskra 16/12/42; battle damaged La Goulette, Tun {20m} 2/1/43, with Frank Evans, left at base when group moved on to Ain M'Lila. 17/1/43. QUEEN BEE-17.

  • 41-24390

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 419BS/301BG Westover 8/7/42; Chelveston/Podington 6/8/42; Tafaraoui 26/11/42; Maison Blanche 5/12/42; Biskra 16/12/42; Ain M'Lila 17/1/43; St Donat 6/3/43; Oudna 6/8/43; Cerignola, It. 7/12/43; Lucera 1/2/44; {60m} Salvaged 20/2/45.

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 October 2016 12:15:18 Lucy May Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Connected aircraft record based on information in their biography.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

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