The main runway at Cheddington fell short of the required 2,000 yards for a class A airfield and it was originally used as a satellite for groups at Bovingdon nearby. Between October 1942 and the end of war in Europe it was used as a Combat Crew Replacement Centre for B-24 crews and then, in the last year of the war, as a base for trainee fighter pilots flying P-47 Thunderbolts and soon to join either the Eighth or Ninth Air Force. The base was also home to specialist squadrons who worked to break down the enemy by means other than bombs.
Not yet known
A former military airfield opened in 1942. The base was initially designated as a training airfield for Royal Air Force bomber units (26 Operational Training Unit). However the hilly topography bordering the airfield did not make the base ideal for that role. In late 1942 and early 1943 the Americans took over and improved the facilities at the base within the constrictions of the local topography. The airfield was then used by specialist 8th United States Army Airforce units, such as the Night Leaflet Squadron and 36th "Bomb" Squadron , who were actually a Radio Countermeasures Squadron . By 1944 the airfield was equipped with concrete landing surfaces and looped hard standings, and four type T2 aircraft hangars. After the Allied victory in Europe the Americans left and the role of the base changed in 1946 to being the home of the Medical Training Establishment of the RAF. The base was also renamed RAF Marsworth. This closed in 1948, und the base was subsequently used as a military depot.
The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...
Browse 18th Weather Squadron photographs and other documents in the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library digital archive here: www.2ndair.org.uk/digitalarchive/Dashboard/Index/60
During early May 1944, General Peck, Commanding general of the 96th CBW, invited Colonel Shower, CO of the 467th BG, Colonel Isbell, CO of the 458th BG, and Colonel Pierce, CO of the 466th BG, to wing HQ at Horsham St. Faith. They were told that one of...
Military | First Lieutenant | B-24 Pilot / Fighter pilot | 467th Bomb Group
Assigned to 859BS, 492BG, 8AF USAAF 5 x missions plus an abort. Transferred to 788BS, 467BG, 8AF USAAF 35 combat missions plus a couple of fuel hauls for Patton. Transferred to 436FS, 479FG, 8AF USAAF. Completed Tour of Duty (ETD). ...
Military | Staff Sergeant | Truckmaster | 801st Bomb Group
Military | gunner
Jim retired as a paper maker from Longview Fibre Company in 1976. He was a member of the Elks, Eagles, and was a Master Mason.
Military | Sergeant | Airplane and Engine Mechanic; Airplane Maintenance Technician
Airplane and engine mechanic. Major overhaul of airplane and engine in main depot. Worked in engine overhaul, completely disassembling and reassembling engines. Changed inboard wing panels and reassembly of fuselages, mostly of B-17s. Airplane...
Military | Technical Sergeant | MOS 757 - Radio Operator / Mechanic / Gunner, AAF | 384th Bomb Group
Transferred from the 547th Bombardment Squadron to the 36th Bombardment Squadron, Cheddington on 20 August 1944 per 547th Squadron Morning Report.
Military | Colonel | Commanding Officer | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
Commanding Officer 44th Bomb Group 1-April-1942 to 4-January-1943.
Served with 9th Compliment, 406th Bomb Squadron, Cheddington in 1944/5. Worked on an aircraft nicknamed "Pistol Packin' Mama"
Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 384th Bomb Group
Died as a result of electrical shock while on detached service at Namur, Belgium
B-17 Flying Fortress
Delivered Denver 13/4/43; Cheyenne 16/4/43; Dow Fd 30/4/43; Assigned 332BS/94BG [XM-D] SNAFU Earls Colne 10/5/43; Rougham 13/6/43; transferred 546BS/384BG [BK-N] Grafton Underwood 16/7/43; 545BS [JD-T]; 2 SAD Lt Staughton 31/12/43; Shipdam Afd 1/3/44;...
B-17 Flying Fortress
Delivered Denver 25/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Assigned 20FG, 8th Weather Flight Cheddington 25/10/43; on flight from St Eval to base 25/12/43, crashed on hillside three miles SE of Bridestowe, near Oakhampton, Devon, UK, with Ernie Patterson, Co-pilot:...
Assigned to 850BS, 490BG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 862BS, 493BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Fallersleben; flak hit holed fuel tanks/lines causing conflagration, flames from cockpit to rear of bomb bay. Crew Lt's J.H. Hansen, S.A...
B-17 Flying Fortress
Delivered Cheyenne 25/4/44; Hunter 4/5/44; Dow Fd 25/5/44; Assigned 422BS/305BG [JJ-T] Chelveston 4/6/44; transferred 858BS Cheddington 26/6/44; on NLS mission over Holland 4/3/45 with Lt Col Earl Aber (Sqd CO), cp Maurice Harper both died when...
Minor damage, crashed, take off accident, RAF stn Cheddington / USAAF Station 113, 22nd March 1944, George C. Hand (pilot) USAAF. Struck Off Charge 25th July 1946.
Minor damage, take off accident, RAF Cheddington / USAAF Station 113, 24th March 1944, Thomas E Hughes (pilot) USAAF. Struck Off Charge 23rd July 1947.
Assigned to 788BS, 467BG, 8AF USAAF. Flew on 15-May-45 mission to Royan, dropping napalm for the 1st time on ground targets.
|03 September 2019 13:38:07||Emily||Changes to english heritage description|
Historic England National Monument Record SP 91 NW 44
|27 September 2014 18:02:16||AAM||AAM ingest|
Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)