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Bury St Edmunds

Military site : airfield

The airfield was purpose-built for American bomb groups and as such had a 2,000 yard main runway that lain in concrete with a tarred and wood-chipped surface. The scale of bases such as this meant that very often the technical, administrative and accommodation blocks were in amongst the buildings of a nearby village, in this case Rougham. The 322nd Bomb Group flew their ill-fated May missions from here and a fatal B-26 Marauder crash on 29 May 1943 compounded the Group's low morale. June of that year saw the 322nd gratefully moved to a different base and the 94th Bomb Group took their place. This Group would go on to fly 300 missions from Bury before the end of the war in Europe.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 453rd Sub-Depot
  • Signal Depot S-800
  • 322nd Bomb Group

    322nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 322nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) was activated on 19-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida with B-26B Marauder aircraft. In late September 1942 the unit moved to Drane Field, Florida. The Ground echelon sailed for the UK aboard the Queen Elizabeth...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organisation and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29-Jun-1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28-Aug-42 to 31-Oct-42 than at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas from...

  • 18th Weather Squadron

    18th Weather Squadron

    Squadron
    Browse 18th Weather Squadron photographs and other documents in the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library digital archive here: www.2ndair.org.uk/digitalarchive/Dashboard/Index/60

  • 331st Bomb Squadron
  • 332nd Bomb Squadron
  • 333rd Bomb Squadron
  • 410th Bomb Squadron
  • 6th Station Complement Squadron

People

  • Julian Abel

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 26 November 1943 in B-17 #423185 'Queen Bee. ' Prisoner of War (POW) in Stalag 17B. POW

  • Dean Addington

    Military | Sergeant | Radio Operator | 94th Bomb Group
    Dean Addington was a part of the 94th Bomb Group and the 331st Squadron who flew 29 missions on 'Ol' Skinny'; flying out of Bury St. Edmunds, England.

  • Elmer Alderman

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Attacked by fighters on a mission to Augsburg/Ulm, GR on 16 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-31546 'Old Sarge' fell out of formation and crashed NNW of Fussen/Allgau, GR after nine of the crew baled out. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Ottis Alford

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Born in 1922 in Pickton, Hopkins County, Texas. Enlisted at Tyler, Smith County, Texas on 16 Oct 1942. 2 weeks til he had to report for duty. 2 years of HS, Ht:66, Wt: 121. Married before he left for the military to Miss Grace Edwards on 26 Oct 1942....

  • Edward Allard

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 31 December 1943 in B-17 #426037. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Harley Almon

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 14 October 1943 in B-17 42-30149 'Spare Parts'. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 790. Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Kenneth Amberg

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 94th Bomb Group
    Crashed for unknown reasons on mission to Brunswick on 11 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-3530. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • George Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 14 October 1943 in B-17 42-30149 'Spare Parts'. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 790. Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Joseph Anderson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Upon landing on return from a combat mission that was recalled on 9 Feb 1944, the right landing gear failed on B17F #42-3109. RTD. Attacked by fighters on a mission to Augsburg/Ulm, GR on 16 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-31546 'Old Sarge' fell out of formation...

  • William Arck

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 11 April 1944 in B-17 #4237918 'Dog Tired. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

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Aircraft

  • 41-9013

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 341BS/97BG 3/42; courier trip to N.Africa 18/12/42; transferred 327BS/92BG (UX-V) Bovingdon 27/8/43; 482BG Alconbury 27/8/43; 95BG Horham as tow target & hack; 94BG Rougham 10/11/43; Returned to the USA 4136 BU Tinker 22/5/44; Recl Comp 9/2/45.

  • 41-9017 Heidi Ho

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Boeing B-17E ...

  • 42-102380 Renovation

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned: 12 April 1944 - 8th AF / 3rd AD / 4th CBW / 94th BG / 331st BS - (RAF Bury St Edmunds) ...

  • 42-102405

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Cheyenne 4/3/44; Kearney 22/3/44; Grenier 7/4/44; Assigned 332BS/94BG [XM-O] Rougham 8/4/44; detailed on training mission 23/4/44 with Norman Skinner, Co-pilot: Ken Storey, instr. p-Jack Webb, pass-Pte Don Morgart, Flight engineer/top turret gunner:...

  • 42-102456 Shady Lady, Gremlins Hotel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 4/3/44; Gr Island 22/3/44; Dow Fd 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG Rougham 8/4/44; 331BS [QE-T]; Salvaged 11/10/44. SHADY LADY.

  • 42-102457 Filthy Hag, Gloria

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/3/44; Kearney 22/3/44; Dow Field 4 March 1944; Assigned 410BS/94BG [GL-R] Rougham 6 April 1944. Nicknamed "FILTHY HAG". Was hit by Flak at an altitude of 23,000 feet on the 22 April 1944 mission to Hamm, Germany. It caught fire, 2...

  • 42-102520

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 10/3/44; Gr Island 31/3/44; Grenier 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG [TS- ] Rougham 8/4/44; 332BS [XM- ] ; Missing in Action Berlin 29/4/44 with Joe McClurkin, Navigator: Chas Dulin, Bombardier: Clarry Meekin, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-102523

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/3/44; Kearney 27/3/44; Dow Fd 7/4/44; Assigned 333BS/94BG [TS-H] Rougham 8/4/44; 331BS [QE-H]; transferred 34BG Mendlesham 5/45; Returned to the USA Bradley 21/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 23/6/45; Reconstruction...

  • 42-102530

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/3/44; Gr Island 29/3/44; Dow Fd 7/4/44; Assigned 410BS/94BG [GL-N] Rougham 8/4/44; battle damaged Karlsruhe 10/1/45 with ?; force landed continent, Salvaged 21/1/45.

  • 42-102569 Miss Lace

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/3/44; Kearney 31/3/44; Dow Fd 4/4/44; Assigned 94BG Rougham 8/4/44; transferred 427BS/303BG [GN-X] Molesworth 22/4/44; battle damaged Kyllburg, Ger 8/1/45 with Georger Richter (Porter?), crash landed base, Salvaged 2 SAD 9/1/45....

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 March 2016 16:34:46 Lucy May Changes to person associations
Sources

Connected people records that mention 'Rougham'.

Date Contributor Update
30 March 2016 16:31:55 Lucy May Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Added associations to aircraft that were based at Rougham/Bury St Edmunds.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

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