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Military site : airfield

Thruxton was developed for use by Army Co-Operation aircraft, before being upgraded to a bomber airfield. The 366th Fighter Group moved in in early 1944, flying missions in support of the build up to D-Day, before moving to the continent with other elements of the Ninth Air Force in June.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

A former World War Two military airfield. The wartime airfield was opened in 1941 and consisted of three concrete runways with Type T2 , Blister and Bessoneau aircraft hangars. It was originally intended to be a satellite airfield for Andover. It became a base for the Royal Air Force's Army Cooperation Command and in particular paratroop training: in 1942 Thruxton participated in the first operational paratroop drop in the UK . From March to June 1944 the USAAF 9th Air Force IX Fighter Command 366th Fighter Group used Thruxton for raids leading up to D-Day. After the war military use ceased and the military airfield closed in 1946. At the beginning of the 21st century, the airfield is used for private civilian flying and as a motor racing circuit.




  • Quentin Aanenson

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    Quentin Aanenson served as a pilot with the 391st Fighter Squadron of the 366th Fighter Group, flying 75 missions in Europe. ...

  • Charles Carter

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    KIA June 13 1944 at St Gabriel France after his P-47D was hit with Anti Aircraft Fire then crashed and exploded. Claimed 2.0 aerial victories.

  • William Gray

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    Lt William J Gray Jr, was on a dive bombing mission in Germany. On his way back to base after releasing his bomb load, he and his "Yellow" flight members were providing top cover at 7,000 feet for "Red" and "Blue" flights when an enemy truck was...

  • Vern Grover

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer Top Turret Gunner | 96th Bomb Group
    He was my father

  • Henry Hyde

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    Hank Hyde served as a pilot with the 366th Fighter Group. He had enlisted with the Royal Canadian Air Force on his 18th birthday in 1941. Later transferring to the USAAF, he arrived in the UK in January 1944. Hyde was killed on an armed reconnaissance...

  • Hilding Johnson

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    On Christmas Day, 1944, a P-47, piloted by second Lt. Hilding Roy Johnson, crashed while on a mission in support of Allied efforts during the Battle of the Bulge. ...

  • William Johnson

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    William R Johnson served as a fighter pilot with the 9th Air Force. He completed 107 missions in P-47 Thunderbolts over the European Theater from England, France and Belgium and three missions over Kiska, Alaska in an A-24 Divebomber. ...

  • Laurence MacDonnell

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    Ronnie MacDonnell, piloting P-47D Thunderbolt #42-8638, was shot down by anti-aircraft fire five miles east Barenton, France on 9 August 1944. He was Killed in Action. ...

  • Homer Schaeffer

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 366th Fighter Group
    Homer Schaeffer served as a pilot with the 366th Fighter Group. He was killed in action flying a P-47 Thunderbolt over Germany on 18 November 1944.


  • 42-76430 "King Bee"

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-76381 The Chief

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-75684 'Mickey II'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 84FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of 1st Lt Luther J Abel. Transferred to 391FS, 366FG, 9AF USAAF.

  • 42-8674 'Squirt'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 351FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 390FS, 356FG, 9AF USAAF.

  • 42-76378

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 389BS, 366BG, 9AF USAAF. Destroyed landing with hung ordnance at Asch airfield (Y-29), Belgium, when the bomb came loose and exploded. Pilot 1st Lt Karl T Hallberg survived with head injuries that he would recover from. 31-Dec-44.


Date Contributor Update
03 September 2019 12:54:45 Emily Changes to english heritage description

Historic England National Monument Record SU 24 NE 87

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:18 AAM AAM ingest

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Ninth Then and Now (London)