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Raydon

Military site : airfield

Although never used as such, Raydon was built during 1942-43 as an Eighth Air Force bomber base, with three concrete runways, 50 loop and one pan hardstandings, and two dispersed T2 hangars. Initially on loan to the Ninth Air Force, it was first occupied by the 357th Fighter Group, equipped with P-51s, in November 1943. An exchange of aircraft types and bases was arranged, so in January 1944 the 357th transferred to the Eighth Air Force at Leiston, and the 358th Fighter Group, equipped with P-47s, transferred to the Ninth Air Force at Raydon. The 358th Fighter Group moved to High Halden in April 1944, when Raydon was handed back to the Eighth Air Force as the home of the 353rd Fighter Group, equipped with P-47s, which remained until October 1945. Handed over to the RAF in December 1945, the station closed in 1958 and mostly sold during 1960-62 for return to agriculture. The western T2 hangar remains in private ownership as a farm store. The eastern T2 hangar and other wartime buildings near it were retained by the Home Office for emergency vehicle storage until the 1980s, and remain in use as Notley Industrial Park.

Film footage of American airmen at Raydon is available through the East Anglian Film Archive: http://www.eafa.org.uk/catalogue/933

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

People

  • Olger Aal

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Brussels, one of five A/C bombing Diest aerodrome, failed to rejoin after attack, cause unknown 29-Aug-44. 1st Lt Aal Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 8312. ...

  • Robert Abernathy

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Five confirmed victories. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Awards: DFC, AM (12 OLC).

  • Walter Achramowicz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Walter Achramowicz also went on to serve in the Korean War. He retired from the US Air Force in 1964 with the...

  • William Agnew

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 338FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Flew 70+ combat missions. Credited 1 probable. Killed in Mid Air Collision in P-51D 44-15598 2 miles SW Kaufbuern/ R-70. 5-Aug-45. KIA. Awards: DFC, AM (6 OLC), PH.

  • George Ahles

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Enlisted USAAC Nov-39. Posted to A-20 light bomber squadron. Qualified for pilot training Nov-40. Entered Aviation Cadets Jan-42. Presented wings Nov-42. Advanced pilot training Sep-42. Married Sep-42. Joined 351FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF nucleus Dec-42....

  • Richard Akard

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    First lieutenant in the Air Force during World War II, assigned to 352FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 5th Emergency Rescue Squadron. Flew 90 European missions and received both the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal (5 OLC), as well as...

  • Marvin Albertson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Mid Air Collision when his P-51D 42-14422 collided with P-51D 42-14791 and crashed at Wilden, Worcestershire, England. Killed in Flying Accident KIFA 27-Oct-44.

  • Harry Aldridge

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) dive bombing mission to Plantlunne aerodrome in P-47D 42-76268, hit by flak, A/C abandoned Almelo when oil pressure hit zero. Crashed near Oldenzaal. Parachute failed to open. Killed in Action...

  • Ralph Allison

    Military | Second Lieutenant | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Completed[End] Tour Duty (ETD).

  • Kenneth Ames

    Military | Flight Officer | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 352FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return(FTR) area patrol to St Quentin. Failed to pull out in time from diving strafing pass at Couvron/Laon aerodrome in P-47D 42-26533, flew into ground, bounced up 50ft and exploded. Killed in Action ...

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Aircraft

  • 42-25771 Agony Wagon

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Flown by Lieutenant Donald J Corrigan who flew it operationally three times between 30 April and 20 May 1944. He gave it the nickname 'Agony Wagon'. He had one recorded 'victory' and this was marked on the aircraft. ...

  • 42-26109

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 375FS, 361FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort to Gottbus, Germany. Hit by flak whilst strafing aerodrome and crashed near Quackenbruck, Germany. Pilot 1st Lt Arthur C Bergeron Killed...

  • 42-26459 'Butch II' 'Eager Eddie' 'Portland Rose'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 352FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Lt Col William B Bailey. Re-assigned to Lt Edward C Andrews. Transferred to 361FS, 356FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 509FS, 405FG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) local test flight crashed...

  • 42-26533

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 352FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return(FTR) area patrol to St Quentin. Failed to pull out in time from diving strafing pass at Couvron/Laon aerodrome, flew into ground, bounced up 50ft and exploded. Pilot Lt Kenneth Ames Killed in Action...

  • 42-26649 'Elizabeth' 'Miss Carriage'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 361st FS, 356th FG, 8AF USAAF. ...

  • 42-75457

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 351FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort mission to NW Germany, on return with section looking for targets to strafe, hit by flak and crashed Bielefeld, Germany. Lt Joseph R Farley KIA 28-May-44 MACR 5027.

  • 42-75850 'Lonesome Polecat II'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 351FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort, dropped out of formation to escort 2nd Lt William Weaver back to base. A/C last seen in the Liège area with only one wing tank onboard, in a tight starboard bank. 4-Mar-44. Lt...

  • 42-76195 'Scotty Bill'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 352FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission north of Paris, exiting target hit by flak and crashed into ground, exploding. pilot 2nd Lt Luther Avakian KIA. MACR 5504.

  • 42-76268

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) dive bombing mission to Plantlunne aerodrome in P-47D 42-76268, hit by flak, A/C abandoned Almelo when oil pressure hit zero. Crashed near Oldenzaal. Parachute failed to open. Killed in Action...

  • 42-8675

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred 351FS, 353FG 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 10FS, 50FG, 9AF. Failed to Return from a strafing mission to St Denis le Gast, France, A/C forced down unseen, when formation broke up to avoid eight strafing P-47's...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
23 February 2016 16:30:30 Lucy May Changes to description
Sources

Source: http://www.eafa.org.uk/catalogue/933
Formerly linked to a duplicate record for Raydon by AAM website user Simon Green.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:18 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Freeman (3 books) + Bowyer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Raydon
+ http://wikimapia.org/18291131/Notley-Industrial-Park

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