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Stalag XI-B

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Detailed history

Built in 1937 as accommodation for workers building a nearby training camp, the camp was formerly designated Stalag XI-B in September 1939. The first prisoners held at the camp were Polish, but were swiftly followed by French and Belgians. By the end of 1940, 40,000 Prisoners of War were registered to the camp, though many of these were assigned to nearby work camps, and the camp itself only housed around 2,500 inmates.

In July 1941 the first Soviet POWs arrived at the camp and were sent to a distinct area designated Stalag XI-D. Conditions in the Soviet camp were poor, and soliders had to live in dug outs. Conditions became so appalling that Stalag XI-D was dissolved in July 1942 and incorporated into the main camp XI-B.

In September 1944, the former site of Stalag XI-D was designated as the new destination of Stalag 357, which had moved from Poland. Italian POWS constructed the new part of the camp, which largely held British and Commonwealth inmates.

The camp was liberated by British forces on 16 April 1945.



  • Gerald Beltz

    Military | Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 392nd Bomb Group
    Leo Ruvolis crew

  • William Brinley

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 96th Bomb Group
    Collided with another aircraft 27 May 1944 in B-17 #42102475. Prisoner of War (POW).

  • George Burford

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down near Tilburg on 9/18/44 in B-24 'Baggie Maggie' #42100416

  • Joseph Engelbreit

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot, Pilot | 355th Fighter Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) crashed near Wernigerode on 2 Nov 44 in P-51 #4414203

  • Frank Garrett

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) Hit by aircraft debris and crashed at Merzenschwand on 7/19/44 in B-24 Sky Wolves #42100281 POW

  • Thomas Garten

    Military | Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner; Flight Engineer | 452nd Bomb Group
    Shot down 12 May 1944 in B-17 #4297235. Prisoner of War (POW). This was my 8th mission. Spent 1 year as Prisoner of War (POW) and was on 600 mile Death March POW/Purple Heart, AF Medal ETC

  • Louis Gilbert

    Military | 390th Bomb Group
    Crew Number 26

  • Vernon Gillespie

    Military | Sergeant | Radio operator | 439th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 94TCS, 439TCG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) glider tow mission to Groesbeck, Holland. Hit by flak, glider released, A/C put down in successful forced landing Schouwen Island, Holland. Came under fire from nearby bunker, wounded by...

  • Clifford Gowan

    Military | Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 489th Bomb Group
    Shot down 2 June 1944 in B-24 #4294933 'Stubby Gal II. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Charles Grace

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 303rd Bomb Group
    Shot down at Nordholz on 6/20/44 in B-17 #4231997 Prisoner of War (POW) POW

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Date Contributor Update
16 December 2019 15:00:48 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and person associations

NARA Prisoners of War data files