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Stalag X-C

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Detailed history

Opened as Mudra Kaserne in 1936, and used as infantry barracks until the start of the Second World War in 1939. Then used to house captured Polish Officers at the start of the war.

Formally opened as Oflag X-B prisoner of War camp in May 1940 and used to hold officers captured during the Battle of France, Stalag X-C for enlisted men opened shortly after to the north, and was a quarter of the size of the officer's camp.

Prisoners in Oflag X-B were largely left to their own devices and spent their time working, mending clothes, studying or putting on plays. After an attempted escape by 13 officers in June 1941, a large trench was built around the camp to prevent further attempts.

Stalag X-C was initially only housed French soldiers, but over the course of the war saw inmates of a number of nationalities. While the camp itself only housed around 1,000 persons the camp was supported by a network of work camps containing over 45,000 people.

The camps were evacuated on 5 April 1945, and inmates were marched 40 miles north to Oflag 83 at Wietzendorf. Oflag X-B and Stalag X-C themselves were liberated by the British Army 5 days later on 9 April 1945.

Connections

People

  • William Bemus

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 457th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 457BS, 748BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97067 'Georgia Peach'. Suffered broken leg on landing, Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 5297. Released Jan-45 in a prisoner exchange. Awards: PH, POW, WWII Victory

  • William Bemus

    Military | 457th Bomb Group

  • James Bennett

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer | 466th Bomb Group
    Shot down 8 April 1944 in B-24 #4252480. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Kenneth James

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 466th Bomb Group
    Shot down 8 April 1944 in B-24 #4252480. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Thomas Lyons

    Military | Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group

  • Thomas Lyons

    Military | Right Waist Gunner; Top Turret Gunner, Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Aerial Gunner was a crew member of a B-17 heavy bomber while serving with the 8th in England. Flew 6 missions over Germany Taken Prisoner of War (POW) on 6th Mission 6/11/44 was liberated 5/7/45 Flew in B-17 'No Comment Needed' ...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
16 December 2019 14:14:07 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and person associations
Sources

NARA Prisoners of War Data Files

Wikipedia

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