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Tafaraoui Airfield

Military site : airfield

Detailed history

During World War II, it was a primary mission objective of the United States Army 34th Infantry Division during the Allied Operation Torch landings on 8 November 1942, and became a major Twelfth Air Force base of operations during the North African Campaign against the German Afrika Korps.

Tafaraoui became a staging and transit point for many units:
11–20 November 1942 - 1st Fighter Group HQ and the 27th, 71st and 94th Fighter Squadrons, flying P-38 Lightnings, arrived then departed Tafaraoui.
14 November 1942 - HQ 14th Fighter Group, HQ 62d Troop Carrier Group, and the 4th and 7th Troop Carrier Squadrons arrive at Tafaraoui with C-47 Skytrains
16 November 1942 - 8th Troop Carrier Squadron, 62d Troop Carrier Group, arrive at Tafaraoui from the UK with C-47s; the 111th and 154th Observation Squadrons, 68th Observation Group, moves from St Leu to Tafaraoui with A-20s
17 November 1942 - 437th and 438th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 319th Bombardment Group (Medium), move from Saint-Leu to Tafaraoui with B-26s.
November 42 - HQ 319th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 439th, and 440th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from St Leu to Tafaraoui with B-26 Marauders; "A" flight of the air echelon of the 15th Photographic Mapping Squadron, 3d Photographic Group, arrives at Tafaraoui with B-17 Flying Fortresses and F-4s (P-38 photo reconnaissance aircraft).

The new desert Spitfires of the 31st Fighter Group were also assigned to Tafaraoui. Other aircraft at the field included P-38s of the 14th, B-26s, B-25 Mitchells, A-20 Havocs, Gen. Doolittle's B-17-G, some French Amiot bombers around, and some old wrecks fixed up as dummies.

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 320th Bomb Group

    320th Bomb Group

    Group
    Constituted as 320th Bombardment Group (Medium) on 19 June 1942. ...

People

  • Myron Patzke

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator Gunner | 320th Bomb Group

Aircraft

  • 41-24386 Queen Bee 17

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 353BS/301BG Westover 7/42; Chelveston 9/8/42; Tafaraoui 26/11/42; Maison Blanche 5/12/42; Biskra 16/12/42; battle damaged La Goulette, Tun 20m 2/1/43, with Frank Evans, left at base when group moved on to Ain M'Lila. 17/1/43. QUEEN BEE-17.

  • 41-18305

    B-26 Marauder

  • 42-95742 Eight Ball

    B-26 Marauder

  • 41-17845

    B-26 Marauder

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
31 October 2018 21:18:55 466thHistorian Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, usaaf from date and history
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oran_Tafraoui_Airport

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