Known as Advanced Landing Ground "A-8", the airfield consisted of a single Prefabricated Hessian Surfacing runway. In addition, with tents were used for billeting and also for support facilities; an access road was built to the existing road infrastructure; a dump for supplies, ammunition, and gasoline drums, along with a drinkable water and minimal electrical grid for communications and station lighting.
The airfield was home to the P-47D-equipped 405th Fighter GroupThe fighter planes flew support missions during the Allied invasion of Normandy, patrolling roads in front of the beachhead; strafing German military vehicles and dropping bombs on gun emplacements, anti-aircraft artillery and concentrations of German troops when spotted.During July, the Group flew 300 missions. During those missions they had 11 pilots listed as MIA (Missing In Action) and another 4 as KIA (Killed In Action).
When German nightly incursions and attacks became more than a nuisance, RAF Mosquito night fighters were brought into Picauville. It made the airfield a major installation, because now it featured night landing equipment (hence the extra 'N' in the designation). Two squadrons of 2nd Tactical Air Force, 604 and 264 Squadron, equipped with Mosquito XII and XIII respectively, arrived on 6 and 11 August at Picauville. Both RAF squadrons served at Picauville until the first week of September, when both squadrons returned to England (604 Sqn via ALG B-6).
After the Americans and British moved east into Central France with the advancing Allied Armies, the airfield was left un-garrissoned and used for resupply and casualty evacuation. It was closed on 15 September 1944 and the land returned to agricultural use.[
English Heritage's record description
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The 405th Fighter Group was a fighter bomber unit of the United States Army Air Force in World War II. They group flew P-47 Thunderbolts in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) starting with the buildup to the Invasion of Normandy ("D-Day") through...
Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 405th Fighter Group
Military | Colonel | Fighter pilot, squadron commander | 405th Fighter Group
Ralph C. Jenkins: Was a 25 year old Flight Commander flying Thunderbolt fighters in the 510th Squadron, 405th Group 9th Air Force. Became Squadron Commander and flew 129 combat missions beginning on D-Day Normandy. After airfield estabished in...
Military | Major | Fighter Pilot 1055 single engine/Squadron Commander | 405th Fighter Group
CO 510th FS 405th FG "White Leader"
1 air kill on Dec. 24, 1944.
KIA by flak while strafing near the Luxembourg border on Jan. 19, 1945. MACR #11844
Previously in the SW Pacific theater with the 7th FS 49th FG flying P-40 Warhawks.
Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 404th Fighter Group
Assigned to 369FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 405FS, 510FG, 9AF USAAF.