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Grafton Underwood

Military site : airfield

Grafton Underwood was built in 1941 by George Wimpey and Co. Ltd. It was the first airfield in England to receive an Eighth Air Force flying unit, when in May 1942 personnel of the 15th Bomb Squadron took up residence. As a satellite airfield for Polebrook, the airfield was then home to two squadrons of the 97th Bomb Group. The airfield became home to succession of Bomb Groups, including the 305th, 96th, and 384th, all equipped with B-17s. The RAF's No. 236 Maintenance Unit occupied the airfield after the war, before being declared surplus to requirements in 1959. A memorial to the crews that flew from the airfield was erected in 1977.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 443rd Sub-Depot
  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

  • 97th Bomb Group

    97th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 97th Bomb Group flew the Eighth Air Force's first heavy bomber mission from the UK when they bombed a marshalling yard at Rouen on 17 August 1942. Just a month later though the Group were reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force and left England for the...

  • 18th Weather Squadron
  • 33rd Station Complement Squadron
  • 544th Bomb Squadron
  • 545th Bomb Squadron
  • 546th Bomb Squadron

People

  • William Abare

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 544th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 special Orders #68 dated 29 March 1945 as crew pilot. Eight combat missions.

  • Charles Abbott

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 547th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #29 dated 5 February 1945, Charles Bernard Shuff Crew. 22 combat missions.

  • Edward Abbott

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-pilot/Pilot | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 545th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #140 dated 17 July 1944, Loren L. Green Crew. 35 combat missions. 7 Air Medals

  • William Abbott

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 547th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #213 dated 28 October 1944 as crew pilot. 33 combat missions.

  • Ernest Abe

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Military Occupation Specialty 747 - Airplane and Engine Mechanic | 384th Bomb Group

  • Carl Abele

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down in B-17 42-29867 on Mission #115, 14 October 1943. Missing Air Crew Report #838. POW

  • Labe Abernathy

    Military | Sergeant | MOS 552, Control Tower Operator | 384th Bomb Group
    Reassigned from the 546th Bombardment Squadron to the 33rd Station Complement Squadron on Station 106 Special Orders #106 dated 28 September 1943.

  • Philip Abrahams

    Military | Private | MOS 555 - Sheet Metal Worker | 384th Bomb Group

  • William Abrahams

    Military | Private | Military Occupation Specialty 835-Supply Clerk
    Transferred from the 33rd Station Complement Squadron to Headquarters Detachment, 384th Bombardment Group on AAF Station 106 Special Order #36 dated 23 February 1944.

  • Abraham Abramowitz

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Flexible Gunner | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 544th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #42 dated 4 July 1943, Alfred L. Sprague Crew. 25 combat missions. 1st 544th Bomb Squadron crew to finish tour.

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Aircraft

  • 41-24359

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 301BG Westover 8/9/42; instead of assignment to 12AF, Italy transferred to Chelveston 16/9/42; 813BS/305BG Grafton Underwood/Chelveston 25/11/42, sent to pathfinder base RAF Wyton of installation of Oboe Mk I radar equipment; 325BS/92BG [NV-F]...

  • 41-24467

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Ogden 21/7/42; force landed Hill Fd, Ut 19/8/42 with Ralph Dissaro; damaged at Cheyenne airport with Warren Dean 7/9/42 when brakes failed and it struck a passenger DC-3 owned by Utd Air Lines, rep; Assigned 422BS/305BG Presque Is 19/10/42;...

  • 41-24507 Yankee Raider

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned to the 368BS/306BG [BO-G] Westover 25/8/42; Thurleigh 17/9/42; transferred SBA trainer 11/4/43; transferred to the 546th BS, squadron code BK-B, 384th BG, Station 106, Grafton Underwood 23/8/43; transferred to the 545th BS, squadron code JD-B;...

  • 41-24525 WHAT'S COOKIN' DOC?

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 422BS/305BG [JJ-O] Presque Is 22/9/10/42; Grafton Underwood 25/9/42; transferred 547BS/384BG [SO-Y] Grafton Underwood 14/10/43; Missing in Action Ludwigshafen 7/1/44 with Walter Ernest Garner, Co-pilot: Philip Bern, Bombardier: James Daigle,...

  • 41-24529

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 422BS/305BG [JJ-T] Syracuse 14/9/42; Grafton Underwood 25/10/42; transferred 546BS/384BG Grafton Underwood [BK-J] 22/9/43; on engine check mission 9/10/43, overshot runway and into a ditch, undercarriage collapsing & blocking nearby road, with...

  • 41-24530

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 366BS/305BG Syracuse 14/9/42; with Lyle M. Adams, en route Grafton Underwood, crashed on take off Gander, Newfoundland 25/10/42 with Lyle Adams {inj}, Co-pilot: Capt W.Sault, Navigator: A.Mercer, Bombardier: W.Ewing, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 41-24532

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 422BS/305BG Presque Is 19/10/42; Grafton Underwood 25/10/42; transferred 414BS/97BG Polebrook 4/11/42; Maison Blanche 13/11/42; Tafaraoui. 22/11/42; Biskra 25/12/42; Missing in Action Bizerte 26/12/42 with Claude Lawrence. A/c damaged by...

  • 41-24533 Boom Town

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    The ship was 'Boom Town', 41-24533 a B-17 which got its name back in the ...

  • 41-24539 Jersey Bounce

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-K] Kellogg Fd 15/9/42; Molesworth 16/10/42; CCRC Bovingdon 27/7/43; 384BG Grafton Underwood 22/9/43; Salvaged NBD 31/5/45. JERSEY BOUNCE.

  • 41-24553 Cherry

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F 41-24553 'Cherry' was assigned to Syracuse 16-Sep-42;Presque Isle 19-Oct-42; Grafton Underwood 25-Oct-42; Missing in Action, 6-Dec-42 on a mission to bomb the Atclier d'Hellemmes locomotive factory at Lille, France. Shot down by Uffz Schnell (3...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
06 October 2017 13:23:45 Lucy May Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

Connected up aircraft records with 'Grafton Underwood' in their biography field.

Date Contributor Update
27 May 2015 10:18:09 rossingtonj Changes to known as
Sources

Geddington Archive: http://www.geddington.net/latest-news/

Date Contributor Update
23 March 2015 08:12:40 L2M2 Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Personal Records
Internet research

Date Contributor Update
17 February 2015 00:51:24 mcordell4 Changes to person associations
Sources

http://384thbombgroup.com/_content/_pages/SortieReport.php?SortieKey=4722

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978).

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