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Juvincourt

Military site : airfield

Detailed history

Under American control, Ninth Air Force used the base for several units from 7 September 1944 until closing the base in July 1945. Known units assigned were:[12]
439th Troop Carrier Group, 8–28 September 1944 (C-47 Skytrain)
404th Fighter Group, 13 September-4 October 1944 (P-47 Thunderbolt)
365th Fighter Group, 15 September-4 October 1944 (P-47 Thunderbolt)
36th Fighter Group, 1–27 October 1944 (P-47 Thunderbolt)
367th Fighter Group, 28 October 1944 – 1 February 1945 (P-38 Lightning)
368th Fighter Group, 27 December 1944 – 5 January 1945 (P-47 Thunderbolt)
410th Bombardment Group, February–May 1945 (A-20 Havoc)

Each group had three or four combat squadrons of aircraft assigned to the airfield, making Juvincourt one of the largest and most active USAAF fields on the continent. Attacks on German ground forces, bridges, airfields still in Luftwaffe hands, railroads and any target of opportunity of the German forces were targets of the Thunderbolts as the ground forces moved east into Luxembourg and past the Siegfried Line into Germany.[13] In addition, the Royal Air Force also utilized Juvincourt, units and aircraft are yet to be determined.

With the war ended, Juvincourt became largely a transport airfield, being used by the RAF also for repatriation of English, Australian and New Zealand prisoners of war. These transfers were made by Lancasters of No 463 and 467 Squadrons, RAAF together with 186 and 50 Squadrons RAF. (operation Exodus)

The airfield was returned to French control on 2 July 1945.

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 36th Fighter Group

    36th Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group, as the 36th Pursuit Group, were part of the defence force for the Caribbean area and the Panama Canal in 1941, flying P-39s and P-40s out of Puerto Rico. By May 1944 the 36th Fighter Group were flying their first missions out of England...

  • 404th Fighter Group
  • 365th Fighter Group

    365th Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group moved to England in December 1943 as part of the Ninth Air Force. Flying P-47s, the Group took part in missions over northern France designed to weaken Germany's ability to repulse the planned Allied invasion of summer 1944. After the...

  • 367th Fighter Group

    367th Fighter Group

    Group
    Unusually for a Ninth Air Force group, the 367th Fighter Group flew P-38 Lightnings from England between March 1944, only switching to P-47 Thunderbolts in February 1945 when they were flying out of St. Dizier, France. Stoney Cross, Hampshire, was...

  • 368th Fighter Group

    368th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 368th Fighter Group flew P-47s in combat from England from March 1944. In the days after D-Day the Group supported Allied ground troops fighting in the Cherbourg penisula and then around St. Lo. The Group received a DUC for flying seven missions in...

  • 439th Troop Carrier Group
  • 410th Bomb Group

People

  • William Abraham

    Military | Captain | fighter pilot | 404th Fighter Group

  • Robert Andrus

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | fighter pilot | 368th Fighter Group

  • James Hill

    Military | General | Fighter Pilot 1055 single engine/Squadron Commander | 365th Fighter Group
    CO 388th FS 365th FG 127 comabt missions 1944-45 with 5 air kills. ...

  • Louis Houck

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot - Squadron Commander | 365th Fighter Group

  • Lloyd Hutchins

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 365th Fighter Group

  • Emile Joseph

    Military | First Lieutenant | 2150th EAFFP Commanding Officer
    Unknown details of death at Advanced Landing Ground A-68, Juvincourt, France

  • William Ritchie

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot - Squuadron Commander | 365th Fighter Group

  • Grant Stout

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 365th Fighter Group

  • John Wainwright

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot 1055-single engine | 404th Fighter Group
    Flight leader 508th FS 404th FG flying P-47D Thunderbolts ...

Aircraft

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
02 July 2015 02:28:32 466thHistorian Created entry with name, number, latitude, longitude, usaaf from date, usaaf to date, construction date and history
Sources

466th BG Historian

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