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Goxhill

Military site : airfield

Goxhill opened in June 1941 as an RAF Bomber Command airfield, before being handed over to RAF Fighter Command in December. The Eighth Air Force took ownership in August 1942, and used the airfield, which they quickly dubbed 'Goat Hill' for operational training. Several different US Fighter Groups used the base for operational training before moving on to their permanent operational homes. These included the 78th Fighter Group, before it moved to Duxford. The airfield was handed back to the RAF in January 1945. It was officially closed in 1953. Several of the airfield’s structures remain today.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

  • 333rd Service Group
  • 496th Fighter Training Group

    496th Fighter Training Group

    Group
    Goxhill had been a fighter training base since 1942 but it was only in December 1943 that a Fighter Training Group was established there. Pilots who had received the basic training in the USA would practise ETO operational procedures and gunnery before...

  • 78th Fighter Group

    78th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. It flew all three of the USAAF's principal fighters. On D-Day every available Thunderbolt provided air cover to the Allied...

  • 358th Fighter Group

    358th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 358th Fighter Group flew seventeen missions with the Eighth Air Force from Leiston air base. At the beginning of February 1944 the Group were transferred to the Ninth Air Force in exchange for the 357th Fighter Group. With the Ninth, the Group went...

  • 1st Fighter Group

    1st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 1st Fighter Group were initially deployed to Britain in the summer of 1942 as part of Operation Bolero. After shuttling through a number of different bases in the UK, the Group was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force in September 1942 and supported...

  • 52nd Fighter Group

    52nd Fighter Group

    Group
    Two of the Squadrons of the 52nd Fighter Group flew Spitfires with RAF Fighter Command in August and early September 1942 from northern Ireland. After these preparatory missions, the Group joined the Twelfth and then Fifteenth Air Force in the...

  • 353rd Fighter Group

    353rd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 353rd Fighter Group was assigned to the Eighth Air Force on 7 June 1943. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts, and from October 1944, P-51 Mustangs, as escorts for bombing missions across occupied Europe and to strafe targets on the ground. Tactical...

  • 356th Fighter Group

    356th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 356th Fighter Group flew 413 missions between 15 October 1943 and 7 May 1945 and suffered the highest ratio of losses to enemy aircraft claims of any Eighth Air Force Group. This gave the Group the reputation of being the 'hard luck' outfit. The...

  • 13th Station Complement Squadron
  • 18th Weather Squadron

    18th Weather Squadron

    Squadron
    Browse 18th Weather Squadron photographs and other documents in the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library digital archive here: www.2ndair.org.uk/digitalarchive/Dashboard/Index/60

People

  • Walter Achramowicz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Walter Achramowicz also went on to serve in the Korean War. He retired from the US Air Force in 1964 with the...

  • Estel Alcorn

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 361st Fighter Group
    Assigned to 376FS, 361FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 496FTG 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD).

  • William Anderson

    Military | First Lieutenant | 496th Fighter Training Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF.

  • Thomas Andrews

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Squadron Commander | 496th Fighter Training Group
    Joined RAFVR, service pilot training in US Dallas Aviation School RAF refresher course, shipped overseas to ETO, operational training at OTU, assigned to 71S, led Blue Flight 1st mission over Dieppe 18-8-42, transferred to 334FS 4FG 8AF USAAF 16-9-42 —...

  • Clifford Armstrong

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    A 1938 graduate of Coeymans High School, Clifford Armstrong enlisted in the Air Corps as an Aviation Cadet in January 1942. Assigned to the 353rd Fighter Group / 352nd Fighter Squadron in England as a P-47 pilot. He flew fighter escort for 8th Air...

  • David Arno

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot | 355th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 358FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 358FG, 8AF USAAF. A Career Air Force Officer and a decorated WWII fighter pilot who was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. Remained in the USAF until retiring in 1970 at the rank of Lt Colonel.

  • Lloyd Atkins

    Military | Flight Officer | Fighter Pilot | 357th Fighter Group
    Enlisted RCAF, Sgt Pilot. Transferred to 2nd Gunnery & Tow Target Flight, 8AF USAAF as Flying Officer. Transferred to 363FS, 357FG, 8AF USAAF. Completed (End) Tour of Duty (ETD).

  • James Austin

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 355th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 354FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Completed (End) Tour of Duty (ETD). Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Glenn Bach

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 359th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 369FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 368FS. Returned to 369FS. Crash landed at East Wretham in P-47 14-Jan-44 on return from operations. RTD. Transferred to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Raymond Bain

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 354th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 355FS, 354FG, 9AF USAAF. 80 missions. Failed to Return fighter sweep to Schifferstadt hit by return fire and shot down in P-51D 44-63193 21-Feb-45. Baled out POW. MACR 12599.

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Aircraft

  • 43-6768 'Black Lace'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. A/C lost 24-Oct-44. Capt Charles F Hess (1st Scouting Force) killed in training accident, bailing out too low due to engine failure.

  • AR404

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire AR404 Mk Vb, Built at Westland. ...

  • 42-74702 'Clarkie'

    P-47 Thunderbolt

  • 42-68008 'Snafuperman'

    P-38 Lightning
    Anthony W 'Tony' Levier, a test pilot for Lockheed visited 8th AF bases to demonstrate his P-38J Lightning 42-68008, nicknamed "Snafuperman", he demonstrated the capability of the aircraft flying with one engine shut down. Previously he and chief...

  • 43-12214 'Rebel Queen'

    P-51 Mustang
    One-time personal aircraft of pilot Lt Fred Glover and crew chief S/Sgt Louis Moore, of the 336th Fighter Squadron. Transferred to 555FS, 496FG, 8AF USAAF, war weary. Mid Air Collision crashed River Humber/Tideway, pilot Lt John D Daniel baled out, 26...

  • 42-103036

    P-51 Mustang
    This was one of the first Mustangs assigned to the 335th Fighter Squadron. ...

  • 42-67297

    P-38 Lightning

  • W3797

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire W3797 Mk Vb Const #1979, Built at Chattis Hill. ...

  • W3264

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire W3264 Mk Vb, Const #1730, Built at Eastleigh. ...

  • BM380 'Faversham'

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire BM380 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
31 October 2014 13:40:08 LucyMM Changes to history
Sources

test

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Mighty Eighth War Manual (London, 2001)

Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

Bruce Barrymore Halpenny, Action Stations 2: Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands (Cambridge, 1984)

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