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Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial

Cemetery

Detailed history

The Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial is the largest Second World War American cemetery in Europe. Located near Saint-Avold in France, the site holds the remains of 10, 489 military dead. Most of the headstones belong to servicemen who perished advancing towards the Rhine in Autumn 1944. Another 444 names are honoured on the Wall of Missing. A large memorial overlooks the headstones, with maps and narrative outlining the Rhine advance and other military activities.

The 80th Infantry Division liberated the region in November 1944 and temporary cemetery was established in March 1945, close to the modern site. The modern, permanent site was selected for its improved location, it was designed by Murphy and Locraft and landscaped by Allyn R Jennings. It was dedicated in 1960. The Lorraine American Cemetery is owned and maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission.

http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/lorraine-american-cemetery

Connections

People

  • Clayton Abraham

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 573BS, 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Ahrweiler, Germany. Shot down by Fw190's 3 miles East of Ahrweiler. Last seen dropping behind formation with both engines smoking, gear down, going into spin, crashed....

  • Jack Agee

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    On 27 Jan 1944, while taxiing after landing from a training flight, the landing gear switch of B-17G #42-31414 was placed in the up position instead of the flap switch. RTD. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. ...

  • Eldred Andruss

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 10 x combat missions. Flew Kassel raid 28-July, lost control cables on B-17 #42-29974 by flak damage. Crash landed in B-17 #42-5822 at Norfolk RAF base returning crew with 4 crew members wounded. Failed to Return ...

  • J Black

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 615BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. Awards: PH

  • Donald Bourlier

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Merseburg, aboard B-17G 43-38705 murdered by German civilians near Frankleben, according Swiss Red Cross report. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 11199. Awards: AM (2OLC), PH.

  • Francis Boyd

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio operator | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 1st PFF Sqn(Prov), 9AF USAAF. Shot down by fighters leading 397BG to Ahrweiler, Germany in B-26 44-67881. Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 15984. Awards: PH.

  • Robert Boylan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Yorba crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 14 October 1943 in B-17 #42-29803 'Flat Foot Floogie'. Mission #39 to the Kugel-Fisher ball bearing works at Schweinfurt, Germany. MACR 1037. S/Sgt Boylan had reported his ball turret had been hit...

  • Albert Bricker

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Crashed at Ludwigshafen in B-17 43-38323. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 8597. Awards: DFC, AM (3OLC), PH.

  • Eugene Cantrell

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 95th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 412BS, 95BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Brandenburg in B-17 42-97797 'Full House'16-Aug-44. Flak hit caused mid-air collision, crashed Rehmsdorf, NE of Zeitz, Germany. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 8175 Awards: AM (2OLC), PH.

  • Arthur Carlson

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 461st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 764BS, 461BG, 15AF USAAF. 11 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) Odertal oil refinery in B-24 42-52025; Mauled by fighters, #3 engine on fire, oxygen sytem shot out, A/C abandoned. Succumbed to Anoxia, trying to release upper turret...

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Buried or commemorated

  • Frank Abbote

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 487th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 14 January 1945 Purple Heart Note: His family name was Abbate, but the spelling of his surname was changed to Abbote in military records by February 1942, when he registered for the draft.

  • Richard Abel

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 55th Fighter Group
    Assigned 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort to Munich. Last seen whilst strafing enemy aircraft in P-51D 'Jills Jalopy VII' 44-64159 near Zorneaing. Pilot 2nd Lt Richard K Abel Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 13950. ...

  • Clayton Abraham

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 573BS, 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Ahrweiler, Germany. Shot down by Fw190's 3 miles East of Ahrweiler. Last seen dropping behind formation with both engines smoking, gear down, going into spin, crashed....

  • Robert Abrams

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 452nd Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters on a mission to Erkner, Berlin on 8 Mar 1944 in B-17G #42-37954 'Hank from Dixie'. Killed in Action (KIA). PH

  • Jack Agee

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    On 27 Jan 1944, while taxiing after landing from a training flight, the landing gear switch of B-17G #42-31414 was placed in the up position instead of the flap switch. RTD. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. ...

  • Carl Alfred

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot
    Carl was from Atwater, Ohio, and was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group, 336th Squadron from 12 July 1944 to 16 April 1945. While strafing Praha Airfield in Czechoslovakia his plane was hit by flak, went into a shallow dive, and exploded upon impact. ...

  • Corwin Alspach

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 100th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 349BS, 100BG, 8AF USAAF. Chas Petersen crew. Failed to Return Abbeville mission in B-17 43-37591; collided with another aircraft 5-Jun-44. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 538 Awards: PH.

  • Eldred Andruss

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 10 x combat missions. Flew Kassel raid 28-July, lost control cables on B-17 #42-29974 by flak damage. Crash landed in B-17 #42-5822 at Norfolk RAF base returning crew with 4 crew members wounded. Failed to Return ...

  • William Arther

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 351st Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA). Shot down by fighters and crashed at Guenzberg in B-17 Shoo Shoo Baby 42-107077 on 7/19/44

  • Francis Bauman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40071. ...

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Aircraft

  • 42-95390 Rough Buddy

    B-24 Liberator
    (Source: francecrash39-45.net, created and maintained by Mr Daniel Carville) "Rough Buddy"'s operational career ended in Alsace (eastern France) on September 10, 1944 while she was flying her 21st mission against Heilbronn marshalling yards (secondary...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 September 2014 13:31:15 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and person associations
Sources

Official Website: http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/lorraine-american-cemetery

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