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Florence American Cemetery and Memorial

Cemetery

Detailed history

The Florence American Cemetery and Memorial lies outside the city of Florence in Italy. The site contains the headstones of 4,402 military dead, many who fell after the capture of Rome in June 1944 and fighting in the Apennines Mountains late in the War. A further 1,409 names are commemorated on the Wall of Missing. A chapel memorial and map also honour the dead and outline the American campaign across Rome and the Alps.

The region was liberated in 1944 by the South African 6th Armoured Division, and shortly after the area was transferred to the Fifth Army. Following the end of the War, nearby temporary cemeteries were determined to be unsuitable and the site of the Florence American Cemetery, near the Greve River was chosen. The site represents 39 percent of fallen personnel from the Fifth Army who died fighting around Rome and in the Alps. The cemetery was designed by McKim, Mead and White and landscaped by Clarke and Rapuano, it was dedicated in 1960. The Florence American Cemetery is owned and maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission.

http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/florence-american-cemetery

Connections

People

  • Addison Baker

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Commanding Officer | 93rd Bomb Group
    Lieutenant Colonel Addison Baker was the Commanding Officer of the 93rd Bomb Group from May 17, 1943, he was killed in Action over Ploesti during Operation Tidal Wave on 1 August, 1943. ...

  • John Carroll

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • Stanley Darling

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Engineer | 301st Bomb Group
    Assigned 32BS, 301BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Wiener Neudorf 26-Jul-44 hit by enemy aircraft, crashed Perin; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 7141. Awards: AM, PH.

  • Lawrence Dickson

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 332nd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 100FS, 332FG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) recon mission to Praha (Prague), Czechoslovakia, engine failure prompted bale out Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 10734. ...

  • George Fryer

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-pilot | 97th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 414BS, 97BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Salzburg 11-Nov-44 mechanical fault, crashed Fruli MIA [FOD 12-Nov-45] MACR 9862. Awards: AM, PH.

  • Stephen Grant

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 301st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 419BS, 301BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Blechhammer 2-Dec-44. Mechanical failure, ditched Adriatic Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 10790. Awards: PH.

  • William Harth

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 1 August 1943 while on TDY to 9th AF for Ploesti raid in B-24 'Hells Angels' 42-40781. Harth’s name is recorded on the Tablet of the Missing at Florence American Cemetery. As of November 2017, the remains of William Harth have...

  • Richard Luebke

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 301st Bomb Group
    Assigned 32BS, 301BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Wiener Neudorf 26-Jul-44 hit by enemy aircraft, crashed Perin; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 7141. Awards: AM (4OLC), PH.

  • Edwin Metcalf

    Military | Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 97th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 414BS, 97BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Salzburg 11-Nov-44 mechanical fault, crashed Fruli MIA [FOD 12-Nov-45] MACR 9862. Awards: AM, PH.

  • John Mumford

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 325th Fighter Group
    Mumford was killed in action, aged 22 on 6 June 1944, while escorting bombers on a raid over Galati, Romania. His aircraft came under attack by German fighters and he was last seen in pursuit of two German aircraft. Eyewitnesses in Novi Troyany,...

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Buried or commemorated

  • John Carroll

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • John Crouchley

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 485th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 828BS, 485BG, 15AF USAAF. 25 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) Bucharest, Romania in B-24 42-52701 28-Jun-44; Shot down by E/A, held A/C stable to enable his crew to bale out, unable to escape himself. Killed in Action(KIA) MACR...

  • Lawrence Dickson

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 332nd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 100FS, 332FG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) recon mission to Praha (Prague), Czechoslovakia, engine failure prompted bale out Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 10734. ...

  • William Harth

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 1 August 1943 while on TDY to 9th AF for Ploesti raid in B-24 'Hells Angels' 42-40781. Harth’s name is recorded on the Tablet of the Missing at Florence American Cemetery. As of November 2017, the remains of William Harth have...

  • John Mumford

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 325th Fighter Group
    Mumford was killed in action, aged 22 on 6 June 1944, while escorting bombers on a raid over Galati, Romania. His aircraft came under attack by German fighters and he was last seen in pursuit of two German aircraft. Eyewitnesses in Novi Troyany,...

  • Alfred Pezzella

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • George Reuter

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • William Wood

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

Aircraft

  • 42-30500

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/6/43; Gore 13/6/43; Rapid City 20/6/43; Geiger 22/6/43; Gr Isle 30/6/43; Dow Fd 18/7/43; Assigned 20BS/2BG Massicault 17/8/43; Bizerte 1/12/43; {13m} transferred 885BS (TD at Maison Blanche, Alg); Missing in Action secret mission...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 September 2014 09:34:49 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and aircraft associations
Sources

Official Website: http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/florence-american-cemetery

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