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Andrews Field

Military site : airfield

The base was known as Great Saling when construction – by US Army engineers – began in 1942 but was renamed Andrews Field in honour of the memory of Gen. Frank M. Andrews, who was killed when the B-24 he was travelling in crash-landed in Iceland on 3 May 1943.

The 322nd Bomb Group, which arrived in June 1943, flew B-26 Marauders and, as was customary for medium bombers, the unit soon joined the Ninth Air Force but remained at Andrews Field. Once the Group moved to France, the base was returned to the RAF on 1 October 1944.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known

Service

Units

People

  • Charles Abady

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail gunner | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Nantes in B-26 41-31974. Hit by flak in target area, smoke seen trailing from starboard engine, control lost, A/C turned on its back, crashed Trois Moulins, 12km Sth of Nantes,...

  • Anthony Alaimo

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-pilot | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) repeat raid to power station at Ijmuiden, Holland in B26 41-18086 'Draggin Lady'. Hit by flak on return ditched in North sea, co-pilot ejected from cockpit and sole survivor. Rescued by a...

  • Richard Bailey

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. 65 combat missions including three on D-Day and the 23-Dec-44 relief of the Bulge. When wounded in head and both hands, requested medical officer didn't put him forward for Purple Heart as he considered he didn't...

  • John Berens

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 1st PFF Sqn(Prov), 9AF USAAF. Shot down by fighters leading 397BG to Ahrweiler, Germany in B-26 44-67881. Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 15984. Awards: PH.

  • Charles Bohm

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 574BS, 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 1st Pathfinder Sqn, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Euskirchen railroad bridge in B-26 42-95878 'Weary Lera' shot down by flak while leading 322BG crashed in flames near Bonn,...

  • Walter Bond

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio operator | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 452BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Duane Borst

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Dates of Service 1943-1946. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME. Post war: The assistant treasurer and manager of the Inland Steel Products Co.

  • Francis Boyd

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio operator | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 1st PFF Sqn(Prov), 9AF USAAF. Shot down by fighters leading 397BG to Ahrweiler, Germany in B-26 44-67881. Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 15984. Awards: PH.

  • James Brandemihl

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Engineer / Top Turret | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 452BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Wounded over France 8-Jul-44 and went to London for medical operation which saved his leg. A sheep's bone was used as a graft to save it which was a 100% success. Awards: PH, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Philip Brinson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 322nd Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) in B-26B 41-18058 [ER:S] 322BG/450BS while serving as Tail Gunner. The aircraft was hit by flak on mission to Boulogne, France. Engine damaged by hit, aircraft flipped over and crashed into the English Channel. The 322nd was...

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Aircraft

  • 41-31741 'Winnie Dee II'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 322BG, 449BS, 9AF USAAF. Missions flown 96, 17 Jul 43 to 4 Jun 44; recoded PN-N, Missions flown 16; 17 Jun 44 to 12 Aug 44. ...

  • 41-31765 "Fightin' Cock"

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. This aircraft was written-off after crash-landing on 12th August 1944. It had received flak damage while over Flers, France and had its electrical system, generators and hydraulic systems shot out. The crew nursed...

  • 41-31767 'Ginger'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 449BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Siracourt,France. Damaged badly enough by AAA [hit in port engine, which was feathered and undercarriage dropped, possibly hydraulic damage] on the 21-Apr-44 mission to cause the crew to bail...

  • 41-31814 'Bag of Bolts'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Amiens. Hit by flak, pilot wounded in stomach and unconscious, crew baled out, shortly later A/C exploded on impact, pilot having been ejected, strapped in his armored flight seat. 2 x EVD, 3...

  • 41-31875 'Lady Liberty'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. 25 x combat missions. Battle damaged on ramrod to Abbeville, crash landed at Eastbourne, half of crew had baled out due to the damaged state of his A/C. Pilot 1st Lt Rowland G Thornton. 3 x RTD, 3 x POW. 28-Feb-44....

  • 41-31888 'War Eagle'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Cologne mission. Hit by flak below cockpit, fell out of formation into unrecoverable spin and exploded on impact with ground on highway adjacent to target at Zülpich, Germany. No chutes...

  • 41-31954

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Isigny, France hit by flak engine ablaze, salvoed bombs and bale out ordered, pilot did not escape 5 x POW, 1 x KIA. 9-May-44. MACR 4478.

  • 41-31974 "We Can't Miss Victory"

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Nantes. Hit by flak in target area, smoke seen trailing from starboard engine, control lost, A/C turned on its back, 2 chutes observed before lost below overcast, crashed Trois...

  • 41-34947 'Idiots Delight' 'Lady Luck'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 451BS, 322BG named "Idiot's delight". Transferred at 554BS, 386BG, 9AF renamed "Lady Luck". Lost 10-Feb-44 when flak shell hit fuel tank of starboard wing, wing detached at nacelle and A/C tumbled on fire. France. 1 x POW, 5 x KIA. MACR...

  • 42-107745

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Butzbach, Germany. Hit by flak, both engines ablaze, attempted forced landing, whilst straightening out to alight wing dug in and A/C seen to explode. 22-Feb-45 8 x KIA. MACR 12680.

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
10 March 2017 09:18:26 SavvyGA Changes to description
Sources

Added US Army engineers

Date Contributor Update
10 March 2017 09:15:49 SavvyGA Changes to description
Sources

Grammar changed

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

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