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Harry Elward Edeburn

Military

Assigned to 349BS, 100BG, 8AF USAAF. Mortally wounded by 20mm cannon shell, despite wound, attempted on several occasions to assist pilot Lt Sumner Reeder with control of B-17 #42-5957 6-Sep-43. Killed in Action (KIA).

Awards: AM, DSC, PH.

Distinguished Service Cross Citation:

"The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Flight Officer Harry E. Edeburn (AFSN: T-60794), United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 349th Bombardment Squadron, 100th Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, during a high altitude bombardment mission over Germany on 6 September 1943. During a continued running battle against enemy fighter planes, Flight Officer Edeburn was mortally wounded by the explosion of a cannon shell. Although mortally wounded, Flight Officer Edeburn attempted to remain at his post, and when made to lie down, tried many times to return to the co-pilot's position. Flight Officer Edeburn's courage and devotion to duty in the face of death were an inspiration to his comrades and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States."
General Orders: Headquarters, European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 97 (17th December, 1943)

Service

Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 349th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 42-30088 "Squawkin' Hawk II"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 8/4/43; Kearney 16/4/43; Wendover 2/5/43; Hill 12/5/43; Wendover 18/5/43; Kearney 22/5/43; Dow Field 27/5/43; Assigned 349BS/100BG [XR-E] Thorpe Abbotts 9 June 1943. Severe battle damage over Stuttgart 6 September 1943 with Sumner...

  • 42-5957

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 31/5/43; Gore Fd 5/7/43; Dow Fd 20/7/43; Assigned 349BS/100BG [XR-D] Thorpe Abbotts 29/7/43; Salvaged 9/5/44. HORNY II.

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 91

    6 September 1943
    This mission was planned as massive attack of 338 B-17s on the industrial areas of Stuttgart, Germany and would be supported by a formation of 69 B-24s flying a diversion. This would be the first action from the UK for the B-24 Groups that had recently...

Associated Place

  • Thorpe Abbotts

    Military site : airfield
    Home of the 'Bloody Hundredth’, a Bomb Group with a reputation for high casualty rates, Thorpe Abbotts was under USAAF control from June 1943 to the end of the war. Some of the airfield survives today, and the control tower houses the 100th Bomb Group...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Jefferson County, PA, USA 28 December 1919

Son of Margaret Huldah [Park] Edeburn.

Enlisted Pittsburgh, PA, USA 3 July 1941

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Based Thorpe Abbotts 1943 – 6 September 1943

Assigned to 349BS, 100BG, 8AF USAAF.

Died Stuttgart, Germany 6 September 1943

Mortally wounded by 20mm cannon shell, despite wound, attempted on several occasions to assist pilot Lt Sumner Reeder with control of B-17 42-5957 6-Sep-43. KIA.

Buried Cambridge American Cemetery 7 September 1943

Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial
Coton, Cambs, UK
Plot C Row 1 Grave 31

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 March 2020 20:48:09 jmoore43 Changes to biography
Sources

Added a "#" to the A/C serial number in the "Summary biography" to aid clarity & consistency.

Date Contributor Update
04 March 2020 11:40:47 Al_Skiff Changes to biography, events and place associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/record/529897997-harry-e-edeburn
https://militaryhallofhonor.com/honoree-record.php?id=56326
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/56289435/harry-elward-edeburn

Date Contributor Update
02 March 2020 01:59:58 jmoore43 Changes to biography
Sources

Added a "#" to the A/C serial number in the "Summary biography" to aid clarity.

Date Contributor Update
27 March 2019 17:08:17 jmoore43 Changes to events
Sources

Added burial info from Find-a-grave Memorial #56289435

Date Contributor Update
16 January 2018 17:34:42 Al_Skiff Changes to middlename, service number, biography, awards, events, unit associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/310763906?terms=Harry%20E%20Edeburn
https://www.fold3.com/record/529897997-harry-e-edeburn
https://www.fold3.com/record/83750674-harry-e-edeburn
https://www.fold3.com/image/289092925?terms=Harry%20E%20Edeburn
https://www.fold3.com/image/127561658?terms=Harry%20E%20Edeburn
https://100thbg.com/index.php?option=com_bombgrp&view=personnel&Itemid=3...
http://www.militaryhallofhonor.com/honoree-record.php?id=56326
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/56289435/harry-elward-edeburn

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:12:20 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Combat Sup, Losses of the 8th & 9th AFs Vol. 1 p. 507by Bishop & Hey, ABMC / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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