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George L Robinson

Military

He began his military career 28 Apr 1931 when he enlisted as a private in the Air Corps. He became an aviation cadet 25 Jun 1936 and was commissioned as a 2nd Lt. with pilot's wings 30 Jun 1937 at Kelly Field, TX. From that point he progressed steadily through the officer ranks to full colonel. He was rated as a Command Pilot. He went to combat in WWII with the 303rd BG as Operations Officer and rose to deputy commander there before becoming Commanding Officer of the 306th Bomb Group. He flew his first mission as Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24581 "The '8' Ball", 303BG/359BS (See Biography events UNDER CONSTRUCTION).

Fourth and longest serving group commander of the 306th from 20-Jun-43 to 23-Sep-44. Flew 26 missions. Several times he led the entire 8th AF on missions. He completed 26 missions.

He flew first mission with the 306th on 25 Jun 1943 and his last was on 05 September 1944. He transferred home on 23 Sept. 1944. Upon returning, he became director of the Aircraft Division, Air Force Board, Washington DC. He then attended the Army Command and Staff School at Fort Leavenworth. His next assignment was with the SAC, in command of various bases, groups, and a B-47 wing. He left SAC in 1958 and was deputy commander of the Air Technical Training Center until retirement in 1961.

Silver Star, DFC w/ 2Oak Leaf Cluster, AM w/ 6 Oak Leaf Cluster,

Service

Units served with

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 359th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 41-24581 The '8' Ball

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F 41-24581 "The '8' Ball" was assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-O] with its crew on 1-Jul-42 at Alamogordo Field, Alamogordo, New Mexico. The aircraft and crew were sent to Dow Field Bangor, Maine on 4-Oct-42 to prepare for overseas deployment; Molesworth...

  • 41-24609 Holy Mackerel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F 41-24609 'Holy Mackerel' assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-Q] Bangor 3-Oct-42; Molesworth 22-Oct-42. On 23-Nov-43 the aircraft flown by Maj. George L. Robinson was the lead aircraft of the 303BG formation in the attack on the U-Boat Pens at St. Nazaire,...

  • 41-24610 Joe Btfsplk II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-T] Bangor 5/10/42; Molesworth 25/10/42. ...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 20

    17 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are the Primary (P) target for a combined force of 49 B-17s despatched from 91BG (20), 303BG (16) and 306BG (13). Another element of 14 B-24s despatched from 93BG also joins the bombing force on St. Nazaire. The...

  • VIII Bomber Command 23

    23 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are the Primary (P) for this mission. A combined force of 50 B-17s despatched from 91BG (10), 303BG (12), 305BG (20) and 306BG (8) to attack this target. 91BG is not able to put any of their group on the target,...

  • VIII Bomber Command 30

    23 January 1943
    The port area and U-Boat pens at Lorient, France are the primary target for this mission. 305th Bombardment Group is selected as the lead group, but condensation on the bombsight of the lead aircraft in the Group prevents the 305BG from bombing Lorient...

  • VIII Bomber Command 36

    16 February 1943
    The port area and U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are designated as the primary target of this mission of 71 B-17s and 18 B-24s. B-17s are from 91BG (18); 303BG (15); 305BG (18); 306BG (20) of these 59 are effective on the target and 6 are lost....

  • VIII Bomber Command 39

    4 March 1943
    After several weather-caused aborted attempts in attacking the marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany, the 8th Air Force is finally successful in attacking this target. A total of 71 B-17s are despatched: 91BG (20); 303BG (18); 305BG (12) amd 306BG (21)....

  • VIII Bomber Command 45

    18 March 1943
    The U-Boat pens at Vegesack-Bremen are the primary target of this mission. 76 B-17s are despatched: 91BG (18); 303BG (20); 305BG (18) and 306BG (20). These are joined by 17 B-24's: 44BG (9) and 93BG (15). Of the 103 aircraft despatched 97 are effective...

  • VIII Bomber Command 67

    25 June 1943
    This mission was intended to be the first major attack on the industrial area of Hamburg, Germany but weather and contrails made fromation flying too difficult and dangerous. As a result, the main formation 197 B-17s from: 91BG (18); 92BG (23); 303BG ...

  • 605

    5 September 1944

Associated Place

  • Molesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Molesworth was one of the early stations used by the Eighth Air Force in the UK, first occupied by the 15th Bomb Squadron’s Douglas Bostons in June 1942. Built in 1940 and extended and improved in 1942, Molesworth is most associated with the 303rd...

  • Thurleigh

    Military site : airfield
    Built for RAF use in 1941-42, Thurleigh was initially used by RAF Bomber Command before being handed over to the Eighth Air Force. Its runways and hardstandings were improved, and the B-17s of the 306th Bomb Group began using the base. It was their...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Hanover, Illinois 23 April 1912
Enlisted 28 April 1931

Enlisted as a Private in the US Army Air Corps.

Aviation Cadet San Antonio, TX, USA 25 June 1936

Became an Aviation Cadet at Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas

Commissioned as Pilot San Antonio, TX, USA 30 June 1937

Commissioned as a 2LT and earned his Pilot wings at Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas.

Promotion in Rank Molesworth, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28, UK 12 January 1942

Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

Appointed Executive Officer Pendleton, OR 97801, USA 19 March 1942

Appointed Executive Office of 303BG with the rank of Captain, Pendleton Field, Pendleton, Oregon.

Arrival in UK Molesworth, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28, UK 21 October 1942

Arrived in the UK with the 303BG/359BS at Molesworth, UK.

Appointed Squadron Commander Molesworth, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28, UK 25 October 1942

Appointed as the Squadron Commanding Officer 303BG/427BS with the rank of Major.

Mission #1, MAJ George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24581, 303BG/359BS Saint-Nazaire, France 17 November 1942

Served as the Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24581 "The '8' Ball", 303BG/359BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France. RTB OK.

Mission #2, MAJ George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24609, 303BG/359BS Saint-Nazaire, France 23 November 1942

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24609 "Holy Mackerel", 303BG/359BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France. RTB OK.

Mission #3, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24569, 303BG/427BS Rouen, France 12 December 1942

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24569 "Memphis Tot", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Roeun France. RTB OK.

Mission #4, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24609, 303BG/359BS - Aborted Lorient, France 30 December 1942

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24609 "Holy Mackerel", 303BG/359BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France, but mechanical failures forced him to abort the sortie.

Mission #5, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24610, 303BG/427BS Lorient, France 23 January 1943

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24610 JoeBTFSPLK", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France. RTB OK.

Mission #6, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24559, 303BG/360BS - Aborted Saint-Nazaire, France 16 February 1943

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24559 "Ooold Soljer", 303BG/360BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France, but mechanical failures forced him to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #7, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24559, 303BG/360BS Rotterdam, Netherlands 4 March 1943

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24559 "Ooold Soljer", 303BG/360BS on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Rotterdam, Holland. RTB OK.

Mission #8, LTC George L. Robinson, w/ B-17F 41-24619, 303BG/427BS Bremen-Vegesack, Bremen, Germany 18 March 1943

Served as Group Command Pilot of B-17F 41-24619 "S-for-Sugar", 303BG/427BS on a mission to bomb the U-Boat construction yards at Vegesack, Germany. RTB OK.

Died 18 November 1994
Buried Riverside National Cemetery, California buried 23 Nov 1994 23 November 1994

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:50:13 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Added Mission #8 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 18-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/024.pdf

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:45:28 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Added Mission #7 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 4-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/022.pdf

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:42:19 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Added Mission #6 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 16-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/016.pdf

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:37:24 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Added Mission #5 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 16-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/016.pdf

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:29:44 Lee8thbuff Changes to mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Made connections to Missions of 23-Jan-43, 16-Feb-43, and 4-Mar-43 per 303BG Mission Reports for those dates: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:26:26 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Corrected Rank in Missions #3 & 4 events per 303BG, Gary Moncur, Historian: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
03 March 2016 23:24:12 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 3-May-2016. Added Promoted in Rank event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
20 February 2016 22:39:37 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 20-Feb-2016. Added Mission #4 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 30-Dec-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/007.pdf

Date Contributor Update
20 February 2016 22:34:07 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography and events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 20-Feb-2016. Added Mission #3 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 12-Dec-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/006.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:33:02 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Mission #2 eent per 303Bg website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 23-Nov-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/004.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:29:10 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Mission #1 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 17-Nov-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/001.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:24:32 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Appointed Squadron Commander event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian: Personnel Roster: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:21:35 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Arrived in UK per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:20:56 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Arrived in UK per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:15:46 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Appointed Executive Officer event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Personnel Roster: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:11:19 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography and events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added Enlistment, Aviation Cadet & Commissioned as Pilot events per AAM website Biography page.

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 20:01:47 Lee8thbuff Changes to unit associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Made connections to 303BG and first two missions per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian: http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2015 19:51:14 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Dec-2015. Added 1st mission statement to Summary Biography per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Personnel Roster http://www.303rdbg.com/

Date Contributor Update
10 November 2014 21:10:59 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, awards, events, place associations and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 10-Nov-2014. Award & Mission associations.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:11:02 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / http://303rdbg.com/rost-rs.html#R, cousin, First Over Germany pgs. 110, 131-139, 149-51, 154-55, 159, 181, 188, 192-93, 196-98, 258-59, 280 & 322;

http://www.306bg.org/PDFs/oct2008Bweb.pdf,

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