Skip to main content
Edit entry 

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor


Princesses Elizabeth spent most of the war years at Windsor Castle and, like many other British children, was often apart from her parents. In October 1940, 14-year-old Princess Elizabeth broadcast a message to evacuees on the radio programme Children's Hour, urging them to have courage.

At the age of 19, Princess Elizabeth joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS). After joining, she trained as a driver and mechanic with the rank of Second Subaltern. Five months later she was promoted to Junior Commander, which was the equivalent of Captain. Her younger sister Princess Margaret was a Girl Guide and later joined the Sea Rangers.

As heir presumptive, Princess Elizabeth undertook public duties during the Second World War, which included visits to USAAF bases. B-17 serial number 42-102547 was nicknamed "Rose of York" for Princess Elizabeth (now Queen Elizabeth II), and she christened the aircraft on her Royal visit to the 306th Bomb Group at Thurleigh.

In 1952 she ascended to throne, becoming Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth Nations. She is the longest living and longest reigning monarch in history.



  • Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

    Civilian | Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth
    During the Blitz, the King and Queen visited bombed areas to see the damage caused by enemy air raids. On these visits, the Queen took a keen interest in what was being done to help people who had lost their homes. After Buckingham Palace was bombed on...

  • Albert Windsor

    Military | King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth
    At 6pm on 3 September 1939, King George VI spoke to the people of Britain and the Empire. In his radio broadcast, he talked of the difficult times ahead and urged his people to stand firm. ...

Show more


  • 42-102547 Elizabeth, The Princess, Rose of York

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 12/3/44; Gr Island 22/3/44; Dow Fd 3/4/44; Assigned 401BG Deenethorpe 2/5/44; transferred 367BS/306BG [GY-F] Thurleigh 5/5/44. Missing in Action 63M Berlin 3 February 1945 with Vernor F. Daley Jr, Co-pilot: Joseph J. Carbine,...


Event Location Date
Born 21 April 1926


Date Contributor Update
09 June 2021 11:36:24 Emily Created entry with surname, middlename, firstname, nickname, nationality, role, biography, events, aircraft associations and media associations

IWM ArticleWhat the Royal Family did during the Second World War , National World War II Museum article A Princess At War: Queen Elizabeth II During World War II, written by IWM Curator Vikki Hawkins and About Her Majesty the Queen at