James E Chaney was a Military Officer he served with the Army until 1917, when he was detailed to the US Air Service to act as Chief of Air Service for the American Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
From October to November 1940 Chaney was dispatched to London to act as an observer during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz. He was formally assigned to the UK in May 1941 where he acted as Special Army Observer and Head of the Special Army Observers Group, which he headed from May 1941 to 20 June 1942.
From 8 January 1942 Chaney was appointed Theatre Commander in Europe. He oversaw the establishment of ETOUSA on 8 June 1942, when he was replaced by Dwight D Eisenhower.
Chaney returned to the USA in July 1942, and was later assigned to the Pacific Theatre of Operations, where he oversaw the Battle of Iwo Jima.
Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Aide de Camp
Lieutenant Colonel Townsend Griffiss, aide to Major General James E Chaney, was killed when the aircraft in which he was a passenger was mistakenly shot down. He was the first US airman to die in the line of duty in Europe after the USA entered the war...
Units served with
Major General James E Chaney, an Army Air Corps officer, arrived in the United Kingdom on 18 May 1941 and established , Headquarters, Special Observer Group (SPOBS) on the following day in London.
General James E Chaney had been posted to the UK to act as a Special Observer during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz, he also oversaw preparations for the possible establishment and employment of US Ground and Air Forces in the UK in 1941.
||16 March 1885
||1910 – 1917
|US Air Service
||1917 – 1947
||21 August 1967
||Arlington National Cemetery