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Roscoe Conkling Brown Sr

Military

Scored two victories, including one Me262 jet.

Tuskegee Airman. Brown was one of 1000 fighter pilots to train as a part of the segregated Army Air Corps unit at Tuskegee, Alabama. Not allowed to practice or fight with their white counterparts, the Tuskegee Airmen distinguished themselves by painting the tails of their airplanes red, which led to them becoming known as the "Red Tails." Their story was told in a 2012 movie of the same name, on which Brown was an adviser.

As commander of the 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group, he flew 68 missions during World War II and is credited as the first to shoot down one of Germany’s new state-of-the-art fighter jets while piloting his propeller driven P-51. Brown would eventually be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his bravery and skill. The Airmen as a group would receive the Congressional Gold Medal in 2007 from President George Bush in belated recognition of their service.

Prior to his wartime service, Brown graduated from Springfield College in Springfield, Mass., where he was valedictorian of the Class on 1943. After the war, Captain Brown resumed his education. His doctoral dissertation was on exercise physiology and he became a professor at New York University and later, President of Bronx Community College. In 1992, Brown received an honorary doctor of humanics degree from his alma mater, Springfield College. For many years, he also hosted "African American Legends," a public affairs show produced by CUNY TV.

He died of complications from a hip fracture. In lieu of a traditional funeral Brown requested a jazz concert instead.

Service

Units served with

  • 15th Air Force

    15th Air Force


    The Fifteenth Air Force was one of two Strategic Air forces in Europe, along with the Eighth Air Force. ...

  • 332nd Fighter Group

    332nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The United States entered World War II with a military that was segregated by race and remained segregated until 1948. War Department planners generally placed White and African-American Army personnel in separate units during World War II. ...

  • 100th Fighter Squadron

    100th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    Established in February 1942 at Tuskegee Army Airfield, Alabama to train African-American flight cadets graduated from the Tuskegee Institute Army contract flying school. At Tuskegee, the squadron performed advanced combat flying training. As the...

Aircraft

Associated Place

Events

Event Location Date
Born Washington, DC, USA 9 March 1922
Lived in New York, NY, USA 1943
Graduated Springfield, MA, USA May 1943

Bachelor's Degree
Springfield College

Graduated Pilot Training/Commissioned Tuskegee, AL, USA 12 March 1944

Class 44-C-SE

Died Bronx, NY, USA 2 July 2016
Enlisted

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 December 2016 01:39:54 466thHistorian Created entry with surname, middlename, firstname, suffix, nationality, service number, highest rank, role, biography, events, unit associations, place associations and media associations
Sources

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Brown&GSfn=Roscoe&...
http://www.tuskegee.edu/about_us/legacy_of_fame/tuskegee_airmen/tuskegee...

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