Skip to main content
Edit entry 

Vermont Garrison

Military

Vermont was born in Mount Victory, Kentucky, on 29 October 1915. He attended Eastern Kentucky State University. On March 17, 1941, Garrison enlisted in the United States Army and became an aviation cadet in Class 41-C at Muskogee, Oklahoma, but washed out of advanced flight training at Brooks Field, Texas, in October. Garrison promptly enlisted in the Royal Air Force at Dallas, Texas and completed flight training at El Centro, California. After obtaining his RAF wings, Pilot Officer Garrison was shipped to England, where after further training he was promoted to Flying Officer and made a gunnery instructor, posted to RAF Hawarden to train pilots flying North American Mustangs. He transferred in July 1943 to the newly formed USAAF, 4th Fighter Group. There he was assigned to the 336th Squadron, where he flew P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs.
His first victory was on 16 December 1943, and by February he had achieved four more victories and had become an "Ace". A month later he was shot down by ground fire and spent the rest of the war as a POW.
He had 7 1/2 victories in WW II, and had earned the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star with an Oak Leaf Cluster, the Legion of Merit with an Oak Leaf Cluster, the Distinguished Flying Cross with six Oak Leaf Clusters, the Bronze Star with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Purple Heart, and the Air Medal with many Oak Leaf Clusters.
During the Korean War he commanded the 3596 Training Squadron at Nellis AFB, Nevada for two years. Back in combat in Korea, he was 4th group Commander of 335th Fighter Squadron. He shot down his first MiG in February 1953 and became a Korean War "Ace" in June.He then became a "double-Ace" one month later with his 10th victory.
Promoted to Colonel in 1961, he returned to combat for the third time as Vice Commander of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing. There he flew F-4C Phantoms out of a base in Ubon, Thailand. He retired in 1973, one of only seven to achieve "Ace" status in two wars.
In February 1994 he suffered a fatal heart attack at Mt. Home, Idaho.

Service

Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 334th Fighter Squadron

    334th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 334th Fighter Squadron was the successor to No. 71 Eagle squadron of the Royal Air Force when the 4th Fighter Group was activated on 12 September 1942. They were based at Debden Field, Essex. The "Fighting Eagles" as they were called, flew...

  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...

Aircraft

  • 43-6871

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) target support mission to Berlin and tangling with superior numbers of enemy fighters at Wittenburg. Whilst returning from mission at low level, hit by Flak in radiator and engine over Boulogne....

  • 41-6573 'B.E.V.O.A.P.A.B.M'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    This aircraft was assigned to the 336th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Group. ...

  • 41-6180 "Missouri Mauler"

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. One-time personal aircraft of Lt Willard W Millikan.

  • 42-74663 'Eureka'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 511FS, 405FG, 9AF USAAF.

  • 42-103862

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF.

Associated Place

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...

  • Stalag Luft I

    Other location

Events

Event Location Date
Born Mt Victory, Kentucky, USA 29 October 1915
Prisoner of War (POW) Barth, Germany 3 March 1944 – May 1945

Prisoner of War (POW) Stalag Luft I.

Shot down 62200 Boulogne-sur-Mer, France 3 March 1944

Failed to Return (FTR) target support mission to Berlin and tangling with superior numbers of enemy fighters at Wittenburg. Whilst returning from mission at low level, hit by Flak in radiator and engine over Boulogne. Lt Garrison abandoned A/C. POW. 3-Mar-44. MACR 3048.

Buried 1994

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington
Arlington County
Virginia, USA.

Died Mountain Home, ID 83647, USA 13 February 1994

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
02 June 2016 13:23:18 Al_Skiff Changes to nickname, role, biography, awards, events and place associations
Sources

http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmacr.asp?MACR=3048&Submit=Go
https://www.fold3.com/image/37107265
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=GARRISON&GSfn=Verm...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermont_Garrison

Date Contributor Update
25 February 2016 13:48:11 Al_Skiff Changes to unit associations
Sources

AAM DB Entry Correction.

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2015 21:06:54 apollo11 Changes to biography and unit associations
Sources

Personal research & 'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th fighter group' by Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2015 20:34:14 apollo11 Changes to highest rank, biography, awards, events and place associations
Sources

Personal research & 'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th Fighter Group' by Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:26:22 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 3048 / MACR 3048, Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list

Share