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Thomas J Andrews

Military

Joined RAFVR, service pilot training in US Dallas Aviation School RAF refresher course, shipped overseas to ETO, operational training at OTU, assigned to 71S, led Blue Flight 1st mission over Dieppe 18-8-42, transferred to 334FS 4FG 8AF USAAF 16-9-42 — 11 September 1943, appointed (acting) Squadron C/O 13-4-43, designated Flight Commander A Flight 15-4-43, designated Squadron Operations Officer 2-6-43, promoted to Major 5-7-43, designated Squadron Operations Officer 8-8-43. Retired from the USAF as a Lieutenant Colonel.

Service

Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 496th Fighter Training Group

    496th Fighter Training Group

    Group
    Goxhill had been a fighter training base since 1942 but it was only in December 1943 that a Fighter Training Group was established there. Pilots who had received the basic training in the USA would practise ETO operational procedures and gunnery before...

  • 334th Fighter Squadron

    334th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 334th Fighter Squadron was the successor to No. 71 Eagle squadron of the Royal Air Force when the 4th Fighter Group was activated on 12 September 1942. They were based at Debden Field, Essex. The "Fighting Eagles" as they were called, flew...

  • 555th Fighter Training Squadron
  • No. 71 'Eagle' Squadron

    No. 71 'Eagle' Squadron

    Squadron
    'On 19 September 1940, No. 71 was reformed at Church Fenton as the first 'Eagle' Squadron to be manned by American personnel. The Squadron received Hurricanes in November and became operational on defensive duties on 5 February 1941. No. 71 converted...

Aircraft

  • 41-6413

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    This aircraft was at one time or another, assigned to the following pilots: Lt. Charles Carr, Capt. James A. Clark, Maj. Oscar Coen, Lt Col. Chesley Peterson, 1st Lt. Thomas J. Andrews.

  • AB929

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire AB929 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

Associated Place

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...

  • Goxhill

    Military site : airfield
    Goxhill opened in June 1941 as an RAF Bomber Command airfield, before being handed over to RAF Fighter Command in December. The Eighth Air Force took ownership in August 1942, and used the airfield, which they quickly dubbed 'Goat Hill' for operational...

  • Kirton-in-Lindsey

    Military site : airfield
    Used as an RFC and RAF Home Defence landing ground during the First World War, Kirton-in-Lindsey was built during 1938-40 as an RAF fighter station. It had two grass runways, 10 hardstandings, three grouped C hangars and four over-blister hangars....

  • Martlesham Heath

    Military site : airfield
    Opened in 1917 as home to the RFC Aeroplane Experimental Unit, Martlesham Heath became well known during the 1920s-30s as home to the Aircraft and Armament Experimental Establishment. Used as an RAF fighter station from 1939, with only a grass airfield...

Events

Event Location Date
Born 24 September 1921

Born - 24 September 1921.

Lived in Costa Mesa, CA, USA 1940

Costa Mesa, California, USA.

Joined RAFVR Canada 1940

Joined Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Service pilot training Dallas, TX, USA 1940

Service pilot training in US, Dallas Aviation School, RAF refresher course.

Shipped overseas Merseyside, UK 1940

Shipped overseas to ETO.

Operational training Great Britain, United Kingdom 1941

Operational training at OTU. Conversion to Hurricane and Spitfires.

Assigned Martlesham Heath, Martlesham, Suffolk, UK 7 September 1941 – 28 September 1942

Assigned to 71 [Eagle] Sqn RAF.

Dieppe veteran Dieppe, France 18 August 1942

Led Blue Flight on 1st mission over Dieppe 18-8-42.

Transferred Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 28 September 1942 – 11 September 1943

Transferred to 334FS 4FG 8AF USAAF 16-9-42.

Designated 'A' Flight C/O Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 15 April 1943

Designated 'A' Flight Commander.

Designated Sqn Op's Officer Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 2 June 1943

Designated Squadron Operations Officer.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 5 July 1943

Promoted to Major.

Designated Sqn Op's Officer Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 8 August 1943

Designated Squadron Operations Officer.

End Tour Duty (ETD) England, UK 11 September 1943

Ended Tour Duty (ETD).

Appointed Sqn C/O acting Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 13 October 1943

Appointed (acting) Squadron Commanding Officer.

Assigned Goxhill, Barrow-upon-Humber DN19, UK 22 July 1944 – 26 July 1944

2nd Tour Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF.

Transferred 14230 Les Oubeaux, France 26 July 1944

Transferred to 9th Tactical Air Command, 9AF USAAF.

Died Melbourne, FL, USA 4 March 1995

Died - 4 March 1995 Melbourne, Florida, USA.

Buried April 1995

Buried
Arlington National Cemetery.

Retired USAF United States

Retired from the USAF as a Lieutenant Colonel.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 August 2016 15:55:13 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography
Sources

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list;
- Personal research & 4th Fighter Group 'Debden Eagles' by Chris Bucholz.;

Date Contributor Update
21 July 2016 12:31:29 Al_Skiff Changes to service number, highest rank, events, unit associations and place associations
Sources

Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Andrews&GSfn=Thoma...

Date Contributor Update
14 October 2015 14:01:27 Al_Skiff Changes to biography and events
Sources

EAGLES of the RAF - The World War II Eagle Squadrons by Phillip D Caine.
http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/people_details.php?PeopleID=3675
http://www.4thfightergroupassociation.org/uploads/8/2/0/3/8203817/334_an...

Date Contributor Update
14 October 2015 13:40:34 Al_Skiff Changes to biography, awards, events, unit associations, place associations and aircraft associations
Sources

EAGLES of the RAF - The World War II Eagle Squadrons by Phillip D Caine.
http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/people_details.php?PeopleID=3675
http://www.4thfightergroupassociation.org/uploads/8/2/0/3/8203817/334_an...

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:25:57 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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