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Rolland Haggart Bushner

Military

Missions: 1944 - Aug 9 Saarbrucken; 12 Mourmelon sur Marne; 14 Dole/Tauaux/ 16 Madgeburg; 24 Hanover; 26 Dulmen; 30 Mainz; Sep 9 Mainz; 10 Ulm; 11 Madgeburg; Oct 5 Lippstadt; 7 Madgeburg; 9 Koblenz; 22 Hamm; 26 Bottrop; 30 Hamburg; Nov 5 Karlsruhe; 10 Hanau; 26 Bielefeld; 29 Bielefeld; 30 Neuenkerchen; Dec 5 Munster; 6 Bielefeld; 10 Bingen; 11 Karslruhe; 12 Aschaffenburg; 23 Dahlen; 24 Gerolstein; 25 Prum; 31 Icoglenz; 1945 - Jan 1 Koblenz; 3 Zweibrucken; 16 Dresden; 31 Brunswick; Feb 6 Madgeburg; Mar 15 Ireland; 17 No. Atlantic; 22 No Sea; 25 Paris; 27 Hannover; 28 No Atlantic; 31 No Atlantic; Apr 1 No Atlantic; 2 No Sea; 6 United Kingdom; 8 Denmark; 9 Berlin; 10 France; 11 France; 12 Denmark; 13 France; 19 Denmark; 20 No Atlantic; 21 No Sea; 26 Cherbourg; May 5 No Atlantic

AM w 4Oak Leaf Cluster

Service

People

  • John Abplanalp

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Ball Turret Gunner | 466th Bomb Group
    completed 34 missions Good Conduct/Air Medal with 4 Oak Leaf Clusters/EAME Medal with 4 Bronze Stars

  • Walter Dendor

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 466th Bomb Group

  • John Gavarny

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator | 466th Bomb Group
    Completed a 35 mission combat tour. See Rolland H. Bushner entry for list of missions.

  • Jack Murray

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer | 466th Bomb Group

  • Charles Parker

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Tail Gunner | 466th Bomb Group

  • Robert Smith

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • Carl Terpak

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Waist Gunner | 466th Bomb Group

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Units served with

  • 25th Bomb Group

    25th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 25th Bombardment Group (Reconnaissance) was constituted in the days after D-Day and activated in England in August 1944 to carry out photographic and mapping missions over mainland Europe as the Allied armies pushed east. The Group were designated...

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

  • 653rd Bomb Squadron
  • 787th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

Missions

  • VIII Air Support Command METEOROLOGICAL SORTIES

    18 December 1943
    2 F-5s from 7th Photographic Resonnaiaance Group are despatched to fly meteorological sorties over Hannover, Germanyl There are no losses or claims.

  • 533

    9 August 1944

  • 545

    12 August 1944

  • 552

    14 August 1944

  • 8th Air Force 556

    16 August 1944
    Aircraft factories and oil refineries are the primary targets for this mission. A total of 1090 heavy bombers are despatched. See Mission Details for particulars. ...

  • 568

    24 August 1944

  • 576

    26 August 1944

  • 590

    30 August 1944
    End of Operation Overlord.

  • 614

    9 September 1944
    A burst of flak put a big hole in the nose throwing glass in Antonacci's eyes. Other hits were in the wing and tail. One went through the waist and exploded an oxygen bottle.

  • 619

    10 September 1944

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Associated Place

  • Attlebridge

    Military site : airfield
    Attlebridge was constructed for RAF use and completed to that standard in 1942. However, with news that it was to be assigned to the American Air Force, the runways were extended and additional hardstandings and outbuildings constructed for the heavy...

  • Watton

    Military site : airfield
    Built in 1939 as a medium bomber station with a grass airfield, Watton was occupied by the RAF until handed over to the Eighth Air Force in mid-1943. Improved initially with a single steel mat runway in 1943, plus 41 loop and 12 pan hardstandings, a...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Joplin, Missouri 13 December 1920
Enlisted Pittsburg State University, 1701 South Broadway Street, Pittsburg, KS 66762, USA 1942

Bachelors Degree
Music - Piano
(then known as Kansas State Teachers College - Pittsburg)

466th BG Combat Tour Attlebridge, Norwich, Norfolk NR9, UK 9 August 1944 – 6 February 1945

35 missions flying B-24's

25th BG Combat Tour Watton, Thetford, Norfolk IP25, UK 15 March 1945 – 5 May 1945

21 Missions DH 98 Mosquitos

"When our 35 missions were complete, my crew went home and I volunteered for a squadron flying unarmed weather recon missions in British Mosquitos. I was lucky, crewing up with what I think was the best navigator-weather observer in the 8th AF. He could look down at a crossroads through a hole in the clouds and identify our location. Upon returning from a mission he would report on the scrambler phone to 8th AF HQ to help in planning the missions the following day. The Mosquito was wonderful airplane made of wood that could fly up to 37,000 feet and with two Rolls-Royce Merlin engines/ While I was at Watton, two or three of our weater recon ships failed to return to base. The mystery was solved when one of our returning pilots reported being chased by a German jet. He used full power to escape and after returning to base the engines were disassembled and inspected and proved undamaged!

Died Landrum, SC 29356, USA 27 December 2011

Rolland Haggart "Bush" Bushner died Tuesday, December 27, 2011 at the Smith-Phayer Hospice House in Landrum, SC. He was 91.

Many knew this slight, cheerful, unassuming man, but few knew about his remarkable life — a life that took him across the globe to serve his country in war and peace.

Bush was born on Dec.13, 1920 in Joplin, Mo. His mother was Grace Hawbaker Haggart and his father was Harold Park Haggart. Later, following his mother's second marriage, to Richard H. Bushner, Bush adopted his stepfather's name. He attended Joplin Junior College from 1938-40 and obtained a bachelor of music degree in piano from Kansas State Teachers College in Pittsburg in 1942.

Bushner later in life.Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Bush learned to fly in a civilian pilot training program and subsequently volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Force, where he served in the 2nd Division's 466 Bomb Group. With his crew of nine men, Lt. Bushner piloted B-24 Liberator bombers on 35 missions over Germany and occupied France during 1944-45. Only one in four B-24 crewmen survived a full 35-mission tour. But rather than punching a ticket home, Bush volunteered to fly weather reconnaissance missions over Germany in an unarmed British-made de Havilland DH98 Mosquito. Made mostly of wood, with massive Rolls-Royce engines, the two-seat Mosquito was perhaps the fastest piston-driven aircraft of the war. Bush flew the equivalent of a half-tour in the Mosquito before the war came to an end.

One can hardly imagine making the transition from wartime pilot to classical pianist, but Bush did it. Returning to the states in 1945, he attended New York's prestigious Julliard School of Music. But service to country once again beckoned, and after a single term at Julliard, he joined the U.S. Foreign Service. Thus began a long and distinguished career as a diplomat.

During the 18-year period immediately following the war, Bush served in a variety of settings and capacities. In Tokyo, he was assigned to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) U.S. Political Advisor's office, 1946-48. There followed a series of assignments where he served as political reporting officer at U.S. embassies in Bangkok, Thailand (1948-52); Pusan, Korea (1952-53); Tehran, Iran (1953-55); and the American Consulate in Khorramshahr, Iran (1955-56), where he opened the new U.S. Consulate. Returning stateside, he spent three years at the State Department as Thailand Desk Officer and one year at the U.S. Air Force War College in Montgomery, Ala. His final assignment for the Department of State was as Counselor for Political Affairs at the American Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia from 1960 to 1963.

In 1963, Bush left the State Department to accept a position with the nonprofit, nonpartisan Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), considered to be the nation's most influential foreign policy think-tank, headquartered in New York City. As director of committees on foreign relations from 1963 to 1987, his job was to arrange for statesmen and foreign affairs experts to address some 36 CFR affiliated committees scattered across the nation. During this period, he earned a master's degree in Government from New York University in 1976.

During his CFR years, while living in an 1883-vintage home in New Jersey, Bush developed an interest in antique automobiles, and in 1972 he bought a 1926 Packard 8 Touring car, Series 236. This was followed in 1974 by the purchase of a 1933 Packard club sedan, which had been sitting in an icehouse for 17 years. He spent much of the next 20 years lovingly restoring the grand vehicle.

Over the years, his classic car collection would grow to include a '54 Packard, '57 Chrysler Imperial, ‘60s era MG, '66 Lincoln Continental convertible, and '69 Buick Riviera.

For Tryon locals, however, perhaps Bush's most recognizable vehicle was an old multicolored Volkswagen Beetle that he drove around town for a number of years.

In 1987, Bush came across an article in a retirement newsletter that touted Tryon, NC as a good place to spend retirement. He bought a home here and lived out a happy retirement. Bush's Tryon home reflected his unique experiences. The baby grand piano, photos and awards from World War II, unique furnishings and eclectic artwork from across the globe, letters from dignitaries and heads of state, and his stunning collection of antique automobiles all stood as a testament to a long journey on a road less traveled.

He was active even in his final months. In August, the Smoky Mountain AACA sponsored him on an Honor Air flight to visit the World War II Memorial in Washington, DC. As a measure of their esteem, 60 club members greeted him upon his return flight to Asheville. The following month, the club honored him as Outstanding Member of the Year.

Rolland Bushner was active in three regions of the Antique Automobile Club of America (AACA): New Jersey, Sparkle City and Great Smoky Mountain. He also belonged to the Blue Ridge Packard Club, Foothills MOPAR Club, the Riviera Owners Association, the Southeast British Motor Car Owners Club and the Southern Region Lincoln and Continental Car Club. He was a member of the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship and a friend of the Congregational Church of Tryon.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
13 October 2015 03:25:01 466thHistorian Changes to events
Sources

Written Interview with Rolland Bushner - 17 Sept 2003

Date Contributor Update
23 August 2015 03:00:00 466thHistorian Changes to middlename, role, awards, events and mission associations
Sources

466th BG Historian
findagrave.com

Date Contributor Update
17 August 2015 00:22:05 466thHistorian Changes to place associations
Sources

466th BG Historian

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:24:26 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / self

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